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Apostrophe (figure of speech)

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Title: Apostrophe (figure of speech)  
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Subject: Geoffrey of Vinsauf, Apostrophe (disambiguation), Acting techniques, Diomedes Komnenos, Creative Writing
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Apostrophe (figure of speech)

Apostrophe (Greek ἀποστροφή, apostrophé, "turning away"; the final e being sounded)[1] is an exclamatory figure of speech. It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience (e.g. in a play) and directs speech to a third party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. Often the addressee is a personified abstract quality or inanimate object.[2][3] In dramatic works and poetry written in or translated into English, such a figure of speech is often introduced by the vocative exclamation "O". Poets may apostrophize a beloved, the Muse, God, love, time, or any other entity that can’t respond in reality.



  1. ^ Apostrophe | Define Apostrophe at
  2. ^ Hays, J. Daniel; Duvall, J. Scott (1 September 2011). The Baker Illustrated Bible Handbook (Text Only Edition). Baker Books. p. 891.  
  3. ^ Ford, Margaret L. (1984). Techniques of Good Writing. Irwin Pub. p. 27.  
  4. ^ Strauss, Emanuel (1994). Dictionary of European proverbs (Volume 2 ed.). Routledge. p. 608.  
  5. ^ Greenblatt, Stephen (2006). The Norton Anthology of English Literature Ed. 8, Vol. D. New York: Norton. p. 429. 
  6. ^ "Politics of friendship. (Cover Story)". American Imago. September 22, 1993. 

See also


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