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Title: Arette  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pyrenees, Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, Arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Vert (river)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia



Town hall

Coordinates: 43°05′46″N 0°42′56″W / 43.0961°N 0.7156°W / 43.0961; -0.7156Coordinates: 43°05′46″N 0°42′56″W / 43.0961°N 0.7156°W / 43.0961; -0.7156

Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Aramits
Intercommunality Vallée de Barétous
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Pierre Casabonne
 • Land1 92.23 km2 (35.61 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 1,121
 • Population2 density 12/km2 (31/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64040 / 64570
Elevation 292–2,315 m (958–7,595 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Arette (Areta in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie and is one of the six communes of the canton of Aramits; the other five are Ance, Aramits (commune), Féas, Issor et Lanne-en-Barétous. Arrete lies close to both the French Basque region and to Spain, and is within the borders of Béarn, one of the traditional French provinces.


Arette is a very large commune and has a land area of 92 km2. It is also mountainous (the La Pierre Saint-Martin ski resort is within its borders, for example) and its highest peak is the 2,315 m Soum Couy, which is situated not far from the 2,504 m Pic d'Anie: the highest peak in the western Pyrenees. From Pic d'Anie the mountain range extends downwards for approximately 20 km, forming both sides of the Aspe valley to the north-west. The Vert d'Arette (a tributary of the Vert) flows through this valley. The ancient village (also named Arette) from which the commune extends is located at an altitude of 316 m in the valley of Barétous, which lies between the aforementioned Aspe valley, to its east, and the Basque province of Soule, to its west.


According to Insee, Arette had 1,091 inhabitants in 2008.[1] Censuses carried out in Arette on a regular basis since 1793 provide data about the change in the commune's population levels over time. The population peaked at 2,245 inhabitants in 1841 and 1846.

Population of Arette since 1793
Year 1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
Pop. 1762 1561 1826 2014 2139 2176 2245 2245 2218
Year 1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
Pop. 2069 2113 2078 2065 1982 1990 2050 1905 1851
Year 1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
Pop. 1743 1734 1761 1444 1452 1404 1377 1309 1171
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2008 - -
Pop. 1189 1055 1166 1117 1137 1094 1091 - -
sources=Cassini database of the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences for figures up to 1999,[2] Insee database for 2008.[1]

See also


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