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Arletty

Arletty
Born Léonie Marie Julie Bathiat
(1898-05-15)15 May 1898
Courbevoie, France
Died 24 July 1992(1992-07-24) (aged 94)
Paris, France
Occupation Actress, singer, fashion model
Years active 1930–1963

Léonie Marie Julie Bathiat (15 May 1898 – 24 July 1992), known professionally as Arletty, was a French actress, singer, and fashion model.

Contents

  • Early years 1
  • Frequent collaboration 2
  • Controversy 3
  • Later years 4
  • Legacy 5
  • Filmography 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Early years

Arletty was born in Courbevoie (near Paris), to a working-class family. After her father’s death, she left home and pursued a modeling career. She took the stage name “Arlette” based on the heroine of a story by Guy de Maupassant. She was not interested in acting until she met Paul Guillaume, a famous art dealer. He recommended some theaters and, at the age of 21, she was hired.[1]

Her early career was dominated by the music hall, and she later appeared in plays and cabaret. Arletty was a stage performer for ten years before her film debut in 1930. Arletty’s career took off around 1936, when she appeared as the leading lady in the stage plays Les Joies du Capitole and Fric-Frac, in which she starred opposite Michel Simon. She later starred as Blanche in the French version of A Streetcar Named Desire.[2]

Frequent collaboration

Marcel Carné was known for his poetic realism filmmaking style. Arletty’s minor role of Raymonde in his film, Hotel du Nord, garnered attention for her “Atmosphere! Atmosphere!” performance. In 1945, Arletty appeared in her most famous film role, the central part of Garance in Les Enfants du Paradis, her fourth role for the director. For this role, she earned one of the highest salaries ever in French cinema.[3]

Controversy

Arletty was imprisoned in 1945 for her wartime liaison with a German Luftwaffe officer, Hans-Jürgen Soehring,[4] during the occupation of France. She allegedly later commented on the experience, "My heart is French but my ass is international."[5] Although other French women fell in love with German soldiers, her romantic affiliation with Soehring during german occupation prompted a charge of treason. James Lord wrote of her special treatment:

“Arletty was too well known for the mere humiliation of having her head shaved, her naked skull tarred with a swastika and in this abject state paraded through the streets to confront the jeers and spittle of the mob. Prison would be none too good for her, people said, looking forward to severe retribution for the moral treason of which they found her guilty.”

For her crimes she received a sentence of eighteen months imprisonment, most of which was served in a private chateau.

Later years

After a moderately successful period as a stage actress in later life, she was attacked by a wild gorilla in 1963, which left her nearly blind, forcing her to retire. One of her final screen appearances was in a small role as an elderly French woman in The Longest Day (1962).

After her death in 1992, Arletty was cremated, and her ashes interred in her hometown at the Nouveau Cimetière de Courbevoie.[6]

Legacy

In 1995, the government of France issued a series of limited edition coins to commemorate the centenary of film that included a 100 Franc coin bearing the image of Arletty.[7]

Filmography

  • 1930 : La Douceur d'aimer
  • 1931 : Un chien qui rapporte
  • 1932 : Enlevez-moi
  • 1932 : Une idée folle
  • 1932 : The Beautiful Adventure
  • 1933 : Je te confie ma femme
  • 1933 : Le Voyage
  • 1933 : Un soir de réveillon
  • 1933 : La Guerre des valses
  • 1934 : Pension Mimosas
  • 1934 : Le Vertige
  • 1935 : La Garçonne
  • 1935 : Amants et Voleurs
  • 1935 : La Fille
  • 1935 : Adventure in Paris
  • 1936 : Le Mari rêvé
  • 1936 : Faisons un rêve
  • 1936 : Messieurs les ronds-de-cuir
  • 1936 : Feu la mère de madame
  • 1936 : Mais n'te promène donc pas toute nue
  • 1937 : Mirages
  • 1937 : Désiré
  • 1937 : Aloha, le chant des îles
  • 1937 : Les Perles de la couronne
  • 1938 : Hôtel du Nord
  • 1938 : La Chaleur du sein
  • 1938 : Le Petit Chose
  • 1939 : Circonstances atténuantes
  • 1939 : Fric-Frac
  • 1939 : Le jour se lève
  • 1940 : Tempête
  • 1941 : Madame Sans-Gêne
  • 1942 : Boléro
  • 1942 : Les Visiteurs du soir
  • 1942 : L'Amant de Bornéo
  • 1942 : La Femme que j'ai le plus aimée
  • 1942 : La Loi du 21 juin 1907
  • 1945 : Les Enfants du paradis
  • 1947 : La Fleur de l'âge
  • 1948 : Madame et ses peaux-rouges (Buffalo Bill et la bergère)
  • 1949 : Portrait d'un assassin
  • 1950 : Georges Braque
  • 1951 : L'Amour, Madame
  • 1951 : Gibier de potence
  • 1953 : Le Père de Mademoiselle
  • 1954 : Le Grand Jeu
  • 1954 : Huis clos
  • 1954 : L'Air de Paris
  • 1956 : Mon curé chez les pauvres
  • 1956 : Vacances explosives
  • 1958 : Le Passager clandestin
  • 1958 : Et ta sœur
  • 1958 : Un drôle de dimanche
  • 1958 : Maxime
  • 1959 : Paris la belle
  • 1960 : Les Primitifs du XIIIe
  • 1961 : Les Petits Matins
  • 1962 : La Loi des hommes
  • 1962 : La Gamberge
  • 1962 : Le Jour le plus long
  • 1962 : Tempo di Roma
  • 1962 : Le Voyage à Biarritz
  • 1967 : Dina chez les rois
  • 1977 : Jacques Prévert
  • 1985 : Carné, l'homme à la caméra

References

  1. ^ Lord, James (1994). Six Exceptional Women. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux. pp. 43–82. 
  2. ^ Felando, Cynthia. "Arletty." International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers. Ed. Sara Pendergast and Tom Pendergast. 4th ed. Vol. 3: Actors and Actresses. Detroit: St. James Press, 2000. 35-36. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 Oct. 2014.
  3. ^ Aldstadt, David. (2002). Imaginary Co-Signatures: Collaboration, Authorship, and Star Personae in Films by Marcel Carne with Arletty and by Jean Cocteau with Jean Marais. Retrieved from ProQuest. Order Number 3048992
  4. ^ Mark Le Fanu Book Review: "And the Show Went On", Spear's, 4 July 2011
  5. ^ Geoffrey Nowell Smith, The Oxford History of World Cinema, p. 347. See also Arletty, allocine.fr: "mon coeur est français mais mon cul est international !"
  6. ^ Tronchoni, José L Bernabé (4 November 2003). "Arletty-Leonie Bathiat". Find a Grave. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "MDP les francs". Monnaie de collection. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 

Further reading

  • Arletty (1971). La Défense. Paris: de la Table ronde. 
  • Arletty; Michel Souvais (1987). Je suis comme je suis. Paris: Vertiges du Nord / Carrère.  
  • Souvais, Michel (September 2006). Arletty, confidences à son secrétaire. Paris: Publibook. 

External links

  • Arletty at the Internet Movie Database
  • Arletty at the TCM Movie Database
  • Arletty at AllMovie
  • Arletty at AllMusic
  • "Arletty".  
  • Arletty at filmsdefrance.com
  • Interview d'Arletty avec Marcel Carné (Paris Match 1992)
  • Arletty esoteric biography via 4dbios [2]
  • bibliography
  • (German) .Eine Liebe in Zeiten des Krieges Die Zeit, No. 32, 2009
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