Assamese nationalism

Assam Conflict
Part of Insurgency in North-East India

State of Assam
Date 1979-present
Location Assam
Result Conflict ongoing
Belligerents
ULFA

KLNLF
NDFB
Adivasi National Liberation Army

India
Commanders and leaders
Paresh Baruah

Arabinda Rajkhowa
Pradip Gogoi
Anup Chetia
Raju Baruah
Others
Sabin Boro

India Bikram Singh (31 May 2012-present)

Vijay Kumar Singh (31 March 2010 – 31 May 2012, retired)

Casualties and losses
10,000 killed[1]

The Assam separatist movements are insurgency movements in the Assam state of India. The conflict started in the 1970s.[2] It stems from tension between Assamese and alleged neglect and internal colonisation by the Indian government with its federal centre in Delhi.[3][4] Additionally, the state is rich in oil resources.[2] The Assamese Separatist Movement alone has taken a toll of 12,000 ULFA members and 18,000 others.[5][6]

However, several organisations make up the insurgency, including the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA), Adivasi National Liberation Army, Karbi Longri N.C. Hills Liberation Front (KLNLF) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB). ULFA is perhaps the largest of these groups,[6] and one of the oldest, being founded in 1979.[7] It has also attacked Hindi-speaking migrant workers.[8] There is a movement for secession from the Republic of India.[9] The alleged neglect and economic exploitation by the Indian state are the main reasons behind the growth of this secessionist movement. Both sides - the ULFA and the Indian state are unwilling to compromise on sovereignty and the common people of Assam has been paying the price for it. The United Liberation Front of Asom seeks to establish a sovereign Assam via an armed struggle in the Assam conflict. The Government of India had banned the organization in 1990 and classifies it as a terrorist group, while the US State Department lists it under "Other groups of concern".

ULFA founded at the site of Rang Ghar on April 7, 1979, a historic structure from the Ahom kingdom. Military operations against it by the Indian Army that began in 1990 continues till present.[10] In the past two decades some 30,000 people have died[11] in the clash between the rebels and the government. Though separatist sentiments deems strong,[12] , it is disputed if the secessionist movement enjoys popular support any longer. On the other hand, strong Assamese nationalism can be found in Assamese literature and culture. The neglect and exploitation by the Indian state are common refrains in the Assamese-language media.[13] There are instances when even the ULFA leaders are seen as saviors.[14]

Internationally acclaimed Assamese novelist Indira Goswami has been trying to broker peace[15][16][17] for several years between the rebels and the government.[18] In a recent development Hiren Gohain,[19][20] a public intellectual has stepped in to expedite the process.

See also

References

fr:Agitation en Assam
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