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August Ferdinand Mehren

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August Ferdinand Mehren

August Ferdinand Mehren (April 6, 1822 – 1907) was a Danish Orientalist and philologist who was a native of Helsingør.

He studied at the Universities of Copenhagen, Leipzig and Kiel, obtaining his doctorate in 1845. In Leipzig he was a student of Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (1801-1888), and in Kiel he studied under Justus Olshausen (1800-1882). In 1854 he became a professor of Semitic languages at the University of Copenhagen.

In his academic work, Mehren largely focused on Arabic poetry and prose. In 1853 he published a major work on Arab rhetoric and linguistics titled Die Rhetorik der Araber, and two decades later (1874), translated into French the cosmography of the Syrian geographer Muhammed al-Dimashqi (1256-1327) towards a book called Manuel de la cosmographie du moyen age.

With Prof. Olshausen and Danish philologist Niels Ludvig Westergaard (1815-1878), he was responsible for cataloging Avestan manuscripts into a collection called Codices Orientales Bibliothecae Regiae Havniensis. Towards the end of his career, Mehren published a handful of books involving the philosophical and mystical writings of Avicenna.


  • The Arabic studies in the Nordic countries, from 1850 to 1900 (translated from Danish)
  • Project Runeberg (biographical information)

See also

  • August Ferdinand M. Mehren (1853): Die Rhetorik der Araber nach den Wichtigsten quellen Dargestellt:
  • August Ferdinand M. Mehren (1862): Syrien og Palestina, Studie efter en arabisk Geograph (Shams al-Dîn Dimashḳî).
  • August Ferdinand Mehren (ed) (1866): Cosmographie de Chems-ed-Din Abou Abdallah Mohammed ed-Dimichqui

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