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BYD Company

BYD Co Ltd
比亚迪股份有限公司
Public (SEHK: 1211, SZSE: 002594)
Industry Rechargeable batteries and automobile manufacturing
Founded 1995
Headquarters Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Area served
China, Europe, America, and the Asia Pacific region.
Key people
Founder, Chairman & CEO Wang Chuanfu (王传福)
Products Gasoline and electric cars, battery-powered bicycles, rechargeable batteries and handset components.
Revenue US$ 8.5 billion (2013)
Number of employees
130,000 in 2008[1]
Subsidiaries BYD Automobile
BYD Electronic
Website www.byd.com
BYD Company
Simplified Chinese 比亚迪股份有限公司
Traditional Chinese 比亞迪股份有限公司

BYD Co Ltd is a Chinese manufacturer of automobiles and rechargeable batteries[2] with its corporate headquarters in Shenzhen. It has two major subsidiaries, BYD Automobile and BYD Electronic.

Hailed for its innovations,[3] BYD has grown to become a major manufacturer of rechargeable batteries, most notably mobile phone batteries.[4]

BYD topped the 2010 Bloomberg Businessweek Tech 100 list, a list of large, fast-growing tech companies.[5]

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
    • Early growth 2.1
    • Automobiles 2.2
    • Mobile phones 2.3
  • Corporate affairs 3
  • Innovation 4
  • Subsidiaries 5
    • BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd 5.1
    • Shenzhen BYD Electronic Parts Co Ltd 5.2
    • Shenzhen BYD Microelectronics Co Ltd 5.3
    • Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Company 5.4
    • BYD Electronic Co Ltd 5.5
    • BYD Electronic Hungary Kft 5.6
    • Foshan Jinhui Hi-tech Optoelectronic Material Co Ltd 5.7
  • Production bases and facilities 6
  • Legal disputes 7
  • In the media 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Name

The name BYD is an acronym derived from the phrase "build your dreams".[6]

History

BYD US Headquarter in Los Angeles

Founded in the February 1995[2] and listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange on July 31,[7] 2002,[8] BYD Co Ltd began as a rechargeable-battery factory competing in the Chinese market against Japanese imports.[4]

Early growth

BYD grew quickly; within ten years capturing more than half the world's mobile-phone battery market[9] and becoming the largest Chinese manufacturer (and in the top four worldwide) of all types of rechargeable batteries.[4] Replacing work done by machines with cheap, local labor lowered costs,[9] and the company began expanding beyond batteries, adding automobiles and mobile phone components.

Automobiles

A year after the 2002 acquisition of Tsinchuan Automobile Co Ltd, BYD Automobile Co Ltd was born.[7] One of many Chinese automakers, in 2010 it was the sixth largest in terms of sales volume.[10]

Seeking to utilize BYD battery production resources, in addition to gasoline-powered models, BYD sells a full hybrid, the F3DM,[11] and all-electric K9 buses.

Mobile phones

Mobile phone components were added to the BYD product line in the early 2000s. But this business, BYD Electronic, was spun off in 2007.[12]

Corporate affairs

The company has its corporate headquarters in the Pingshan New Area in Longgang District, Shenzhen, Guangdong province. Its North American headquarters are in Downtown Los Angeles, and BYD has sales offices in various countries.[13]

Innovation

The company has been recognized for innovation; for example it has developed technologies that allow mobile phone batteries to be made at room temperature, rather than in expensive, heated dry rooms.[3]

In 2010, BusinessWeek ranked BYD the 8th most innovative company in the world, ahead of Ford, Volkswagen, and BMW,[14] and that same year saw Fast Company ranking BYD as the 16th most innovative.[15]

Subsidiaries

The company has a number of subsidiaries, including BYD Auto. The following is an incomplete list.[1]

BYD (H.K.) Co Ltd

Trading in NiCd, NiMH and Li-ion batteries and related products,[1] it is a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Co Ltd that in turn wholly owns Golden Link Worldwide Limited.[12]

  • Golden Link Worldwide Ltd -An investment holding company [16] itself a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Co Ltd,[12] as of 2007 Golden Link held nearly 70% issued share capital of BYD Electronic (International) Co Ltd.[12]

Shenzhen BYD Electronic Parts Co Ltd

Production and sale of NiMH and NiCD batteries, hardware products, instruments and flexible printed circuit boards[1]

Shenzhen BYD Microelectronics Co Ltd

Established in 2002,[17] it is responsible for the design, production and sale of ICs for use in the mobile phone industry.[18] It is registered as a Sino-foreign joint venture.[1]

Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Company

On May 27, 2010, BYD and Daimler AG signed an agreement on establishing a 50/50 joint venture developing electric cars in China.[19]

BYD Electronic Co Ltd

An investment holding company incorporated in the Cayman Islands[1]

BYD Electronic Hungary Kft

(“Hungary Electronic”) Originally Mirae Hungary Industrial Manufacturer Ltd, and responsible for the manufacture and sale of mobile handset components, BYD Electronic Hungary Kft was purchased from Mirae Industry Co Ltd on February 12, 2008.[1] Prior to the purchase, it manufactured handset housings for Nokia.[1]

Foshan Jinhui Hi-tech Optoelectronic Material Co Ltd

A joint venture with Foshan Plastic Group Co Ltd and BYD (H.K) Co Ltd,[20] it manufactures material ion exchange membranes.[1]

Production bases and facilities

BYD has many production bases, including three locations in Shenzhen[21] (one of which is on the self-titled 'BYD Road' (simplified Chinese: 比亚迪路; traditional Chinese: 比亞迪路; pinyin: Bǐyàdí Lù) in Pingshan New District, Longgang District, Shenzhen),[21] as well as sites in Huizhou,[21] Shanxi,[2] and Shanghai.[2]

Auto production bases include an automobile assembly line in Xi'an, a K9 electric bus manufacturing plant in Dalian,[22] a module manufacturing plant in Beijing, an R&D center and nascent automobile assembly line in Shenzhen, and an R&D center in Shanghai.[7]

US operations are limited to sales and marketing and can be found in Elk Grove Village, Illinois, and San Francisco, California.[4] BYD also acquired a site for a future North American headquarters in downtown Los Angeles, and is building a manufacturing plant in Lancaster, California, near Los Angeles.[23]

Legal disputes

BYD was unsuccessfully sued by Sony and Sanyo for patent infringement.[4] (missing Ref.) Foxconn has also brought a suit against the company for the same reason.[24]

In the media

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j
  2. ^ a b c d Company Profile BYD Official Site
  3. ^ a b break all the rules: A special report on innovation in emerging markets; The charms of frugal innovation economist.com, Apr 15th 2010
  4. ^ a b c d e
  5. ^
  6. ^ A Small Showing, but With Big Dreams NICK BUNKLEY Published: January 12, 2009
  7. ^ a b c Company Profile BYD Auto Official Site
  8. ^ to BYD Company Introduction, BYD Official Site
  9. ^ a b China, Inc. By Ted Fishman Google Books, page 215
  10. ^ China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
  11. ^ Technology Levels Playing Field in Race to Market Electric Car Wall Street Journal, A1, JANUARY 12, 2009
  12. ^ a b c d
  13. ^ "Contact Us." BYD Company. Retrieved on June 17, 2015. "BYD COMPANY LIMITED Headquarters Add.: No.3009, BYD Road, Pingshan, Shenzhen, 518118, P.R.China " - Chinese address: "比亚迪股份有限公司 总部 地址:深圳市坪山新区比亚迪路3009号 邮编:518118 " - "BYD North America Headquarters Add.:1800 S. Figueroa Street, Los Angeles, CA90015, USA"
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ BYD Acquires SinoMOS tradingmarkets.com Wed. October 08, 2008
  18. ^ BYD Said to Buy Wafer Assets tradingmarkets.com Wed. October 08, 2008
  19. ^
  20. ^ Foshan Plastic Group starts special cell production.(NEWSDESK: Cooperation)(Foshan Jinhui High-Tech Photoelectric Material Co. Ltd.) China Chemical Reporter, February 26, 2006
  21. ^ a b c BYD Co Ltd Company Brochure BYD Auto Official Site
  22. ^
  23. ^ For Illinois location, see
    • For California location, see
  24. ^ a b
  25. ^ Car Designer Sees China’s Wheels Electric-powered BYD Press Release, 2009-5-12

External links

  • BYD Company Limited
  • SEC CIK# 0001445162 - ADR listing, etc.
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