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Bahá'í timeline

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Title: Bahá'í timeline  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: History of the Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'í Faith in Turkey, Bahá'í Faith, Shoghi Effendi, Universal House of Justice
Collection: History of the Bahá'Í Faith, Religion Timelines
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Bahá'í timeline


The following is a basic timeline of the Bábí and Bahá'í religions emphasizing dates that are relatively well known. For a more comprehensive chronology of the timeline, see the references at the bottom.

1795

676

1817

1819

  • October 20, the Báb is born.

1826

  • Shaykh Ahmad dies and Siyyid Kázim is appointed leader of the Shaykhi sect.

1828

  • Mírzá Muhammad Ridá, the Father of the Báb, dies. The Báb is placed in the care of his maternal uncle, Hají Mirzá Siyyid 'Alí

1835

1843

1844 AD / 1 BE

  • The Báb's first religious experience, witnessed by his wife, is dated to about the evening of April 3.[2]
  • (1260 AH), May 22, evening, the Báb declares his mission to Mulla Husayn in Shiraz, Iran.
  • May 22-3, overnight, `Abdu'l-Bahá is born to Navváb and Bahá'u'lláh.
  • By late Sept. Bahá'u'lláh accepts the Bábí religion.[3]

1845 AD / 2 BE

  • September, restrictions are enforced on the Báb's movement within Shiraz after he declares himself to be the Mahdi publicly.
  • Government reports initiate coverage in the West first mentions the arrest and imprisonment of Mullá 'Alíy-i-Bastámí of the Bábí religion. It was published in The Times of London November 1 and several times thereafter.[4]

1846 / 3 BE

  • Bahíyyih Khánum is born to Navváb and Bahá'u'lláh.
  • September, the Báb leaves Shiraz for Isfahan.[5]

1847 / 4 BE

  • July, The Báb is imprisoned at Maku and writes the Bayán.[5]

1848 / 5 BE

  • Mírzá Mihdí is born to Navváb and Bahá'u'lláh.
  • Munirih Khánum, wife of 'Abdu'l-Bahá is born in Isfahan to prominent Bábís of the city.
  • March 20, Mullá Husayn visits the Báb in Maku
  • April 10, the Báb is moved to the prison of Chihriq, due to his growing influence in Maku. He was largely kept there until a few days before his execution.
  • June - July, the Conference of Badasht was held.[6]
  • July, during public interrogation at Tabriz the Báb makes a dramatic public declaration. He is returned to Chihriq.
  • July 21, Mullá Husayn hoists the Black Standard and marches with 202 other Bábís to Mashhad.
  • October 10, Mullá Husayn and a host of other Bábís are besieged at fort Tabarsi.
  • October 20, Quddús arrives at fort Tabarsí.

1849 AD / 6 BE

1850 AD / 7 BE

  • July 9, the Báb is publicly executed in Tabriz.
  • Brief newspaper coverage of the Bábí religion reaches several newspapers in Britain and the United States in the autumn.[7]

1852 AD / 9 BE

1853 / 9 BE

  • January 12, Bahá'u'lláh is exiled from Tehran to Baghdad.

1854 / 11 BE

  • April 10, Bahá'u'lláh retreats to the Sulaymaniyah mountains within Kurdistan due to a rising tensions between Mírzá Yahyá and himself.

1856 / 13 BE

1857 / 14 BE

1860 / 17 BE

1861 / 18 BE

1862 / 19 BE

  • May 10, the Persian ambassador requests that the Ottomans move the Bábís farther from Persia.

1863 / 20 BE

  • April 21, Bahá'u'lláh declares himself to be He whom God shall make manifest in the Garden of Ridván in Baghdad on the eve of his exile to Constantinople (Istanbul). (13 Jalal 20 BE)
  • December 12, Bahá'u'lláh is exiled into formal confinement in Adrianople (Edirne) after four months in Constantinople. (1 Masa'il 20 BE)

1865 / 22 BE

1867 / 24 BE

  • 53 Bahá'ís in Baghdad on March 16, 1867 petitioned the United States Congress for assistance for Bahá'u'lláh's release and for assistance for the Bahá'ís in general.[8]
  • Bahá'u'lláh begins writing and sending his Tablets to the Kings.

1868 / 25 BE

  • August 5, Bahá'u'lláh and a large group of followers are sent from Edirne to the penal colony of Akká, Palestine (now Acre, Israel).
  • August 31, Bahá'u'lláh arrives in `Akká.

1869 / 26 BE

1870 / 27 BE

1873 / 30 BE

1886 / 43 BE

  • Navváb dies.
  • Abdu'l-Bahá writes the original Arabic text of Traveller's Narrative later translated and published in 1891.

1889 / 46 BE

  • February 25, E.G. Browne mentions the Bahá'í Faith as part of a series academic talks and papers through 1889 in England.

1890 / 47 BE

[9]

1892 / 49 BE

  • May 29, Bahá'u'lláh dies, his mortal remains are placed in a Shrine dedicated to him next to the Mansion of Bahjí where he spent his final years. In his will he appointed 'Abdu'l-Bahá to be his successor and head of the Bahá'í Faith.

1893 / 50 BE

1894 / 51 BE

  • Thornton Chase is the first of five Bahá'ís in the United States this year

1897 / 54 BE

  • March 1, Shoghi Effendi, the great-grandson of Bahá'u'lláh, is born.

1898 / 55 BE

  • The first Western pilgrims arrive in `Akká, including Phoebe Hearst and the first African-American believer, Robert Turner.

1900 / 58 BE

Sarah Farmer, founder of Green Acre Bahá'í School, meets `Abdu'l-Bahá and converts.

1901 / 59 BE

1903 / 60 BE

1908 / 65 BE

  • September, `Abdu'l-Bahá is released from a lifetime of exile and imprisonment at 64 years of age.

1909 / 66 BE

  • March 21, the mortal remains of the Báb are laid to rest in the Shrine of the Báb after 59 years in hiding.

1910 / 67 BE

1911 / 68 BE

1912 / 69 BE

1916 / 73 BE

1917 / 74 BE

  • `Abdu'l-Bahá writes six more Tablets of the Divine Plan.

1918 / 75 BE

1920 / 76 BE

  • April 27, `Abdu'l-Bahá is knighted by the British Empire in recognition of his humanitarian work during WWI.

1921 / 77 BE

1932

1935

1937

1944 AD / 101 BE

  • Shoghi Effendi releases God Passes By to mark the 100th anniversary of the Bahá'í dispensation, which commenced with the Declaration of the Bab in 1844 AD / 1 BE.

1951

1953

1957

  • November 4, Shoghi Effendi dies without children and without appointing a successor Guardian. The temporary role of 'Head of the Faith' is taken up by 27 Hands of the Cause with plans to complete the Ten Year Crusade and elect the Universal House of Justice.

1960

  • Hand-of-the-Cause Mason Remey starts a schism by claiming to be Effendi's successor Guardian. The other living Hands of the
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