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Title: Banditry  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Robbery, Slipstream (1989 film), Loyalist (American Revolution), Dacoity, Maria Bonita (bandit)
Collection: Criminal Law, Outlaws, Robbery
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Agostino Sacchitiello (Carmine Crocco's lieutenant) and some members of his band from Bisaccia, photographed in 1862.

Banditry is the life and practice of bandits. The one-armed bandit" for gambling machines that can leave the gambler with no money.[1]

Origin of the word

The term bandit (introduced to English via Italian around 1590) originates with the early Germanic legal practice of outlawing criminals, termed *bannan (English ban). The legal term in the Holy Roman Empire was Acht or Reichsacht, translated as "Imperial ban".


Members of the Dalton Gang following the Battle of Coffeyville in 1892. Left to right: Bill Power; Bob Dalton; Grat Dalton and Dick Broadwell.

About 5,000 bandits were executed by Pope Sixtus V in the five years before his death in 1590, but there were reputedly 27,000 more at liberty throughout central Italy.[2]

Marauding was one of the most common peasant reactions to oppression and hardship. The growth of warlord armies in China was also accompanied by a dramatic increase in bandit activity in the republican period; by 1930 the total bandit population was estimated to be 20 million.[3]

Social bandit

Social bandit or social crime is a term invented by the historian

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