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Battle of Jahra

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Title: Battle of Jahra  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Battle of Hamdh, History of Kuwait, Kuwait Red Fort, 1990 Gulf Cup of Nations, Al Jahra
Collection: 1920 in Asia, Battles Involving Saudi Arabia, Conflicts in 1920, History of Kuwait, Kuwait
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Battle of Jahra

Battle of Jahra
Part of Kuwait–Najd War and
Unification of Saudi Arabia
Date 10 October 1920
Location Al Jahra, Kuwait
Result Ikhwan/Bedouin retreat
Ikhwan (Wahhabis)[1] Kuwait
Commanders and leaders
Faisal Al-Dawish Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
  • General Cavalry Commander Sheikh Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah
  • Cavalry Commander Sheikh Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (WIA) [2]
3-4,000 men 1500 men
Casualties and losses
Unknown killed General Cavalry Commander

Sheikh Jaber Al-Abdullah II Al-Sabah(b.1860-d.1920  )

Unknown killed

Battle of Jahra was a battle during the Kuwait–Najd War fought between Kuwaiti forces and Saudi-supported militants. The battle took place in Al Jahra, west of Kuwait City on October 10, 1920.

The battle

The battle took into effect as the result of the Battle of Hamdh. A force of three to four thousand Ikhwan, bedouin fighters led by Faisal Al-Dawish, attacked the Red Fort at Al-Jahra, defended by fifteen hundred men. The fort was besieged and the Kuwaiti position precarious; had the fort fallen, Kuwait would likely have been incorporated into Ibn Saud's empire. In the event, reinforcements from Kuwait City arrived by sea, and help was provided also by Shammar tribesmen who arrived over land.[3]

The Ikhwan attack repulsed for the while, negotiations began between Salim and Al-Dawish; the latter threatened another attack if the Kuwaiti forces did not surrender. The local merchant class convinced Salim to call in help from British troops, who showed up with airplanes and three warships, ending the attacks.[3]


  1. ^ Reeva S. Simon, Philip Mattar, Richard W. Bulliet (1996). Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East - Volume 1. p. 119. Fighting between Kuwait's forces and Wahhabi supporters of Ibn Sa'ud broke out in May 1920, and the former were soundly defeated. Within a few weeks, the citizens of Kuwait constructed a new wall to protect Kuwait City. 
  2. ^ [1], Official Documented Biography & Accomplishments of Sheikh Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (b.1898-d.1996)( featured at "UNESCO Award Ceremony"
  3. ^ a b Toth, Anthony B. (2005). "Tribes and Tribulations: Bedouin Losses in the Saudi and Iraqi Struggles over Kuwait's Frontiers, 1921-1943". British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 32 (2): 145–67. 

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