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Battle of Palermo

Battle of Palermo
Part of the Franco-Dutch War
Date June 2, 1676
Location Near Palermo
Result French victory
Belligerents
 United Provinces
 Spain
 France
Commanders and leaders
Jan den Haen
Don Diego de Ibarra
Comte de Vivonne
Strength
17 Dutch + 10 Spanish ships of the line 28 ships of the line
Casualties and losses
Dutch: 3 ships, about 250 killed; Spanish: 4 ships, about 2000 killed about 200 killed

The naval Battle of Palermo took place on 2 June 1676 during the Franco-Dutch War, between a French force led by Abraham Duquesne, sent to support a revolt in the city of Messina against the Spanish rule in Sicily, and a Spanish force supported by a Dutch maritime expedition force. Largely because the Dutch and Spanish ships were at bay making repairs from an earlier battle, the French fleet destroyed four Spanish and three Dutch ships with fireships. The French victory, however, achieved little, and the French forces in Sicily were recalled on 1 January, 1678.[1] As in the Franco-Spanish War of 1635-1659, in the Franco-Dutch War Spain retained its position in Italy and proved able to thwart French hopes of major gains.[2]

Contents

  • Order of battle 1
    • France (Abraham Duquesne) 1.1
    • Netherlands 1.2
    • Spain 1.3
  • Notes 2
  • References 3

Order of battle

France (Abraham Duquesne)

  • Nine warships
  • Seven galleys
  • Five fireships

Netherlands

  • Vrijheid 50 (Adam van Brederode) - Sunk
  • Stad en Lande 54 (Joris Andringa)
  • Spiegel 70 (Gilles Schey)
  • Provincie van Utrecht 60 (Jan de Jong)
  • Steenbergen 68 (SbN Pieter van Middelandt) - Sunk
  • Kraanvogel 46 (Jacob Willemszoon Broeder)
  • Zuiderhuis 46 (Pieter de Sitter)
  • Gouda 76 (Vice-Admiral Jan den Haen, killed)
  • Leeuwen 50 (Frans Willem, Graaf van Stierum)
  • Damiaten 34 (Isaac van Uitterwijk)
  • Edam 34 (Cornelis van der Zaan)
  • Groenwijf 36 (Juriaan Baak)
  • Eendracht 76 (Vice-Admiral Gerard Callenburgh)
  • Oosterwijk 60 (Jacob Teding van Berkhout)
  • Harderwijk 46 (Mattheus Megang)
  • Leiden 36 (Jan van Abkoude) - Sunk
  • Wakende Boei 46 (Cornelis Tijloos)

Spain

  • Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Capitana Real) 64/74 (1000-1100 crew) Almirante Don Diego de Ibarra (killed) - blown up
  • Santiago (Nueva Real) 80
  • San Antonio de Napoles 44/46 (500 crew) - burnt
  • San Felipe 40/44 - burnt
  • San Carlo/Salvator delle Fiandre/San Salvador (Almiranta de Flandres) 40/42/48 (350 crew) - burnt
  • San Joaquin/San Juan 80
  • San Gabriel 40
  • Santa Ana 54/60 - probably burnt and salvaged
  • Nuestra Señora del Rosario 50
  • Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, probable
  • Nuestra Señora del Rosario y Las Animas, probable
  • 19 galleys, including San Jose (Almirante Juan de Villaroel, killed), burnt, and San Salvador, burnt

Notes

  1. ^ Harding, Richard: Seapower and Naval Warfare, 1650-1830. London: UCL Press, 1999. ISBN 9781135364861, p. 99.
  2. ^ Black, Jeremy: European Warfare in a Global Context, 1660-1815. Oxon: Routledge, 2007. ISBN 9781134159222, p. 59.

References

  • Spencer C. Tucker: A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East. ABC-CLIO 2009, ISBN 9781851096725, p. 654 (online copy, p. 654, at Google Books)
  • David S. T. Blackmore: Warfare on the Mediterranean in the Age of Sail: A History, 1571-1866. McFarland 2011, ISBN 9780786447992, pp. 99-100 (online copy, p. 99, at Google Books)
  • http://www.marine.nl/historie/marinemuseum/Webspecials/Heldendaden/1675-1678/Palermo/ (In Dutch)

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