World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Black Spades

Article Id: WHEBN0003133727
Reproduction Date:

Title: Black Spades  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: African-American gangs, Modern street gangs, Iran Barkley, Hip hop, Afrika Bambaataa
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Black Spades

Black Spades
Founded 1968 Bronx, NY
Years active 1968 to present
Territory Soundview, Bronx, New York

The Black Spades were a mostly African American street gang started in the Bronx during the late 1960s gaining popularity in the 1970s. The gang began to spread from the Bronx to Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn, Staten Island, New Jersey and Connecticut by the late 1980s. During this period Hispanic and white members were more common.

History

The gang originated in 1968 in the Bronxdale Houses in the Soundview section of the Bronx as the Savage Seven. As the gang grew, they changed their name to the Black Spades.

The Black Spades officially formed in Junior High School 123 on Morrison Ave in Soundview. Originally a teenage street organization, The Spades followed the teachings of Malcolm X, the Nation Of Islam, and were influenced by the Black Panthers. Under the leadership of their original president who was a member of the Nation of Islam, the Spades organized to fight against the racism and bigotry in the Soundview, Clason Point, Parkchester, Castle Hill, and Throgs Neck neighborhoods of the Bronx. The Black Spades 1st Division policed and protected Bronxdale Houses from the rise in crime, drug dealers, and heroin addicts that began to take over the community.


The gang quickly spread to nearby housing projects and throughout the Bronx, with divisionstarting a subculture inviting music in the lives of gang members. The Black Spades were also participants in the Hoe Avenue peace meeting.

New York street gang activity peaked in 1973, and then began to decline. Reasons for this decline included violence and drug use as well as an move to the burgeoning hip hop culture in park jams, block parties and clubs.

Afrika Bambaataa was the warlord of the Black Spades before becoming a famous hip hop DJ. He went on to form the Universal Zulu Nation on November 12, 1973; [1] with several members following him.

Kool DJ Herc, an early hip hop music pioneer, credits gangs including the Black Spades with getting the hip hop scene started.

The organization had a strong following through the late 1990s. Around this time many young members of the organization transitioned their membership to the Bloods street gang of NYC.

References

  1. ^

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.