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Blanke Bevrydingsbeweging

White Liberation Movement
Leader Johan Schabort
Founded 1 June 1985
Headquarters Pretoria
Ideology White nationalism
Neo-Nazism

Die Blanke Bevrydingsbeweging (BBB) (the White Liberation Movement) was a small but notorious

  1. ^ Kemp, Arthur Victory Or Violence - The Story of the AWB of South Africa Ostara Publications (2008) p111
  2. ^ a b c Zille, Helen, The Right Wing in South African Politics in Berger, Peter L. and Godesell, Bobby (editors) A Future South Africa: visions, strategies and realities Human and Rouseau (1988) p61
  3. ^ HOOFSTUK IV, NEO-NAZISME IN SUID-AFRIKA: MIMETIESE FASCISME, 1970-1995, p. 157 "Die Ideologiese Grondslae En Ontwikkeling Van Die Blanke Fascistiese Bewegings In Suid-Afrika, 1945- 1995," (The ideological foundations and development of white fascist movements in South Africa, 1945-1999) M.A. Thesis University of Pretoria (1999) Visser, Myda Marista p. 156
  4. ^ Kemp, Arthur Victory Or Violence - The Story of the AWB of South Africa Ostara Publications (2008) p96
  5. ^ Kotzé, H. & Greyling, A., Political Organisations in South Africa A-Z Tafelberg Publishers (1994) p111
  6. ^ a b c d HOOFSTUK IV, NEO-NAZISME IN SUID-AFRIKA: MIMETIESE FASCISME, 1970-1995, p. 157 "Die Ideologiese Grondslae En Ontwikkeling Van Die Blanke Fascistiese Bewegings In Suid-Afrika, 1945- 1995," (The ideological foundations and development of white fascist movements in South Africa, 1945-1999) M.A. Thesis University of Pretoria (1999) Visser, Myda Marista p. 157
  7. ^ 29 June 1993The Independent
  8. ^ Kemp, Arthur Victory Or Violence - The Story of the AWB of South Africa Ostara Publications (2008) p56
  9. ^ a b c Kotzé, H. & Greyling, A., Political Organisations in South Africa A-Z Tafelberg Publishers (1994) p112
  10. ^ Harvey, A.D., The "Save Rhodesia Campaign"-why it failed. Kommando 5, Maart-Mei 1988, p134. HOOFSTUK IV, NEO-NAZISME IN SUID-AFRIKA: MIMETIESE FASCISME, 1970-1995, p. 157 "Die Ideologiese Grondslae En Ontwikkeling Van Die Blanke Fascistiese Bewegings In Suid-Afrika, 1945- 1995," (The ideological foundations and development of white fascist movements in South Africa, 1945-1999) M.A. Thesis University of Pretoria (1999) Visser, Myda Marista p. 134
  11. ^ Schönteich, Martin and Boshoff, Henri Volk, faith and fatherland: the security threat posed by the white right Institute for Security Studies (South Africa)(2003) p19
  12. ^ South Africa History Online website
  13. ^ 18 November 1988Los Angeles Times
  14. ^ Truth and Reconcilliation Commission report Vol 6, section 3, chapter 6 p446
  15. ^ van Rooyen, Johann Hard Right: The New White Power in South Africa I.B. Tauris (2004) p96
  16. ^ Truth and Reconcilliation Amnesty Hearings
  17. ^ Truth and Reconcilliation Amnesty Hearings
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ Truth and Reconcilliation Commission report Vol 6, section 3, chapter 6 pp445-446
  20. ^ Visser, Myda Marista Die Ideologiese Grondslae En Ontwikkeling Van Die Blanke Fascistiese Bewegings In Suid-Afrika, 1945- 1995 (The ideological foundations and development of white fascist movements in South Africa, 1945-1999) M.A. Thesis University of Pretoria (1999) p161
  21. ^ Visser, Myda Marista Die Ideologiese Grondslae En Ontwikkeling Van Die Blanke Fascistiese Bewegings In Suid-Afrika, 1945- 1995 (The ideological foundations and development of white fascist movements in South Africa, 1945-1999) M.A. Thesis University of Pretoria (1999) p164

References

The AWB criticised the BBB for being anti-Christian and atheistic; the BBB's tendency was towards the Church of the Creator. The BBB used the odal rune as its symbol.[21]

The [2] It was white supremacist and against race mixing. The BBB regarded blacks as 'mud people' or 'mud race'[9] (as per Christian Identity). The BBB sought the 'repatriation' (expulsion) of blacks from South Africa, "by violence if necessary".[2] It was openly anti-semitic, regarding Jews as existing between white and blacks, and denied the Holocaust.[20] The BBB was against democracy and sought a new economic order.

Ideology

Following a bombing of a taxi rank in Germiston on 26 April 1994 which killed ten people it was claimed in the press that the BBB were responsible; Schabort denied the BBB was responsible[18]

A few members, led by Jean Pierre du Plessis, sought to continue the BBB, with the BBB as the political wing to which would be added an underground organisation called the National Socialist Partisans (NSP). Schabort chose not to become involved.[16] Du Plessis continued to form the NSP as a cell ; its flag was "basically white with a red cross and a swastika".[17] NSP members were arrested in 1991 for the murder of three black people at Louis Trichardt.

Later events

Schabort officially disbanded the BBB and the Blanke Party in 1990 and joined the Conservative Party.[15] Some members of the BBB like Keith Conroy would go on to support the Afrikaner Volksfront.

The government lifted the ban on the BBB in February 1990.[14]

In December 1988 Schabort re-launched the BBB as the Blanke Nasionale Beweging (White National Movement) under the nominal leadership of Wynand de Beer; however as its activities were clearly the same as the BBB it was banned in the beginning of 1989.

[13], the Law and Order Minister, said that the group were "right-wing, fanatical extremists who favor violence to carry racism to its extreme".Adriaan Vlok In banning the group [12] The BBB was banned, and restrictions were placed on the political activities of Schabort in November 1988, in reaction to the massacre of black people in Pretoria by

Ban

The BBB ran a "blatantly racist"[9] bilingual magazine Kommando: Stem van die Blankedom/Kommando: Voice of the White Race published by Alan Harvey. Harvey was deputy leader of the South David Duke’s the National Association for the Advancement of White People, National Vanguard magazine issued by the National Alliance, Instauration magazine, the British cultural magazine Heritage and Destiny, the National Front’s Nationalism Today (to which Harvey contributed both under his own name and under the pseudonym "John Humphries"), and NF News.[6] Harvey contributed to the BBB’s publication under his own name.[10]

[9] In August 1987 Schabot attended and spoke at a commemorative service for

Activities

Its honorary leader was Theuns Stoffberg, a former member of the Greyshirts. Another notable member was Keith Conroy,[6] an Englishman who would later become Kommandant of the AWB's 'Iron Guard'.[7]

The organisation was formed in June 1985 by Professor Johann Schabort.[2][3] It started as the support organisation for Schabort's Blanke Party (White Party), which existed only in name.[4] In June 1987 the BBB went public and sought to recruit members,[5] aiming at both Afrikaners and British whites.

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Activities 2
  • Ban 3
    • Later events 3.1
  • Ideology 4
  • References 5

[1]

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