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Boaz and Jachin

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Title: Boaz and Jachin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Solomon's Temple, Replicas of the Jewish Temple, Solomon's Porch, Tuscania, Judaea Capta coinage
Collection: Columns and Entablature, Solomon's Temple
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Boaz and Jachin

Image of a 3rd-century glass bowl which depicts Solomon's Temple. Jachin and Boaz are the detached black pillars shown on either side of the entrance steps.
Artist's impression.

Boaz and Jachin were two copper, brass or bronze pillars which stood in the porch of Solomon's Temple, the first Temple in Jerusalem.[1]

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Replicas 2
  • In popular media 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Description

Boaz stood on the left and Jachin ("founding", Tiberian Hebrew יָכִין Yāḵîn) stood on the right. The pillars had a size nearly six feet (1.8 metres) thick and 27 feet (8.2 metres) tall. The eight-foot (2.4 metres) high brass chapiters or capitals on top of the columns bore decorations of brass lilies.

The original measurement as taken from the Bible was in cubits, which records that the pillars 18 cubits high and 12 cubits around, and hollow, four fingers thick. (Jeremiah 52:21–22). Nets of checkerwork covered the bowl of each chapiter, decorated with rows of 200 pomegranates, wreathed with seven chains for each chapiter, and topped with lilies (1 Kings 7:13–22, 41–42).

The pillars did not survive the destruction of the First Temple; Jeremiah 52:17 reports: “The Chaldeans broke up the bronze columns of the House of the Lord”. II Kings 25:13 has a similar account. The pillars were carried away in pieces for ease of transportation. When the Second Temple was built, they were not returned and we have no record of new pillars being constructed to replace them.[2]

Replicas

The Romanesque Church of Santa Maria Maggiore at Tuscania has a recessed entrance flanked by a pair of free-standing stone columns intended to evoke Boaz and Jachin.[3]

In popular media

  • Some variants of the Tarot card The High Priestess depict Boaz and Jachin. The card appears in the deck of a traveling Mexican showman in Cormac McCarthy's novel, Blood Meridian: "The woman sat like that blind interlocutrix between Boaz and Jachin inscribed upon the one card in the juggler's deck that they would not see come to light, true pillars and true card,prophetess for all."[4]
  • Russell Hoban's novel The Lion of Boaz-Jachin and Jachin-Boaz.[5]
  • [6]
  • In the animated series Gundam SEED, the approach to a Plant space colony is guarded by two asteroid fortresses named "Boaz" and "Jachin Due".
  • In The Lost Symbol (a novel by author Dan Brown), the villain Mal'akh had tattooed Boaz and Jachin on both of his legs.

See also

References

  1. ^ See (1 Kings 7:15, 1 Kings 7:21; 2 Kings 11:14; 23:3).
  2. ^ Pillars of the Temple, the Jewish Bible Quarterly, Vol. 42, no. 4
  3. ^ Hamblin, William J. and Seeely, David Rolph, Solomon's Temple; Myth and History, Thames and Hudson, 2007, p. 109
  4. ^ McCarthy, Cormac. Blood Meridian. p. 94, Vintage paperback.
  5. ^ The Lion of Boaz-Jachin and Jachin-Boaz.
  6. ^ Resolution on Jakin centennial, Georgia House of Representatives.

External links

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