World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Borommarachathirat II

 

Borommarachathirat II

Phrabat Somdet Phra Boromaracha Thirat II (Thai: พระบาทสมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ 2) or Chao Sam Phraya (Thai: เจ้าสามพระยา) (?–1448) was the king of Ayutthaya. His reign saw its early expansions.

Chao Sam Phraya (lit. The Third Chao Phraya) was a son of Intha Racha who had finally taken the Ayutthayan throne for the Supannaphum dynasty. He had two elder brothers: Chao Ai Phraya (lit. The First Chao Phraya) and Chao Yi Phraya (lit. The Second Chao Phraya), and was appointed by his father to govern Chainat. In 1424, Intha Racha died. His two brothers marched from their respective cities to Ayutthaya for the throne. They fought and both died, leaving the throne to Chao Sam Phraya.

In 1431, Chao Sam Phraya led Siamese forces to subjugate Cambodia plundering Angkor Thom. This assault eventually caused the Khmers to abandon Angkor and to relocate their capital further south. The conquest, however, brought in a large influx of Khmer culture and traditions into the Siamese court. For example, the high reverence of Thai kingship as a deity, known as Devaraja, came from Cambodia.

Chao Sam Phraya also sought northward expansion. He married a queen from Sukhothai and had a son, who will grow up to be Prince Ramesuan. When the last king of Sukhothai died in 1446, his grandson inherited the kingdom, further strengthening Ayutthaya control over Sukhothai.

In 1442, Chao Sam Phraya led his armies to conquer Lanna. He managed to sack the capital Chiang Mai but was unable to conquer the kingdom.

Chao Sam Phraya died in 1448 and is succeeded by his son Prince Ramesuan as Trilokanat.

Preceded by
Indraracha
Kings of Ayutthaya
1424–1448
Succeeded by
Trilokanat
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.