World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Brazzaville Conference of 1944

Article Id: WHEBN0004014317
Reproduction Date:

Title: Brazzaville Conference of 1944  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: French Equatorial Africa, French West Africa, Brazzaville, Timeline of World War II (1944), Ivory Coast
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Brazzaville Conference of 1944

After the Fall of France during World War II, and the alignment of many West African French colonies with the Free French, Charles de Gaulle recognized the need to revise the relationship between France and its colonies in Africa. In January 1944, Free French politicians and high-ranking colonial officials from the French African colonies met in Brazzaville, the then capital of French Equatorial Africa. The Brazzaville Conference, as it came to be known, recommended political, social, and economic reforms.

The declaration from the conference (also referred to as the Brazzaville Declaration) included the following points:

  1. The French Empire would remain united.
  2. Semi-autonomous assemblies would be established in each colony.
  3. Citizens of France's colonies would share equal rights with French citizens.
  4. Citizens of French colonies would have the right to vote for the French parliament.
  5. The native population would be employed in public service positions within the colonies.
  6. Economic reforms would be made to diminish the exploitative nature of the relationship between France and its colonies.

However, the possibility of complete independence was soundly rejected. As de Gaulle stated:

The aims of France's civilizing mission preclude any thought of autonomy or any possibility of development outside the French empire. Self-government must be rejected - even in the more distant future.[1]

References

  1. ^ Low, Donald Anthony; Britain and Indian Nationalism: The Imprint of Amibiguity 1929-1942 Cambridge University Press, 1997, p. 16

External links

  • Speech made by General de Gaulle at the opening of the Brazzaville Conference on January 30th 1944
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.