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Brive

Brive-la-Gaillarde

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Brive-la-Gaillarde
Brive-la-Gaillarde

Coordinates: 45°09′30″N 1°31′56″E / 45.1583°N 1.5321°E / 45.1583; 1.5321Coordinates: 45°09′30″N 1°31′56″E / 45.1583°N 1.5321°E / 45.1583; 1.5321

Country France
Region Limousin
Department Corrèze
Arrondissement Brive-la-Gaillarde
Intercommunality Brive
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Philippe Nauche
Area
 • Land1 48.59 km2 (18.76 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 49,675
 • Population2 density 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 19031 / 19100
Elevation 102–315 m (335–1,033 ft)
(avg. 142 m or 466 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Brive-la-Gaillarde (French pronunciation: ​[bʁiv la ɡajaʁd]; Limousin dialect of Occitan language: Briva la Galharda) is a commune of France. It is a sub-prefecture of the Corrèze department. It has around 50,000 inhabitants, while the population of the urban area was 89,260 as of 1999. Although it is by far the biggest commune in Corrèze, the capital is Tulle.

History

Even though the inhabitants settled around the 1st century, the city only started to grow much later. Starting around the 5th century, the original city starts to develop around a church dedicated to Saint-Martin-l'Espagnol. During the 12th century walls are built around the city and during the Hundred Years' War a second wall is built. These fortifications no longer exist and are now replaced by boulevards.

The commune was named "Brive" until 1919, when it was renamed "Brive-la-Gaillarde". The word "Gaillarde" (still used in current French) probably stands for bravery or strength in the city's name, but it can also refer to the city's walls. Brive now extends outside of its original boundaries into Malemort and Ussac.

During World War II, Brive-la-Gaillarde was a regional capital of the Resistance, acting as a seat of several clandestine information networks and several of the principal resistance movements, including the Armée secrète (or “Secret Army”) and the Mouvements Unis de la Résistance (or “United Movements of the Resistance”).

Brive-la-Gaillarde was the first city of Occupied France to liberate itself by its own means, on 15 August 1944. For this, the city received the “Croix de guerre 1939-1945” military decoration.

The medieval centre is mainly a commercial district with retail shops and various Toulouse.

Administration

The most recent mayors of Brive-la-Gaillarde were:

  • 1966-1995: Jean Charbonnel
  • 1995-2008: Bernard Murat
  • 2008–present: Philippe Nauche

Population

Transport

Brive-la-Gaillarde railway station offers connections to Limoges, Périgueux, Bordeaux, Clermont-Ferrand, Toulouse and several regional destinations. The A20 motorway connects Brive with Limoges and Toulouse, the A89 with Bordeaux.

Sport

The city is home to a rugby union team, CA Brive.

It also hosted the 2009 Junior World Rowing Championships.

Personalities

Brive-la-Gaillarde was the birthplace of:

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Brive-la-Gaillarde is twinned with:

See also

References

  • INSEE

External links

  • Official website (French)Template:1911Enc
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