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Brooks, Alberta

 

Brooks, Alberta

Brooks
City
City of Brooks
Brooks from the air
Brooks from the air
Official logo of Brooks
Logo
Nickname(s): Alberta's Centennial City[1]
Motto: Beautiful and Bountiful
Brooks is located in Alberta
Brooks
Brooks
Location of Brooks in Alberta
Coordinates:
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Region Southern Alberta
Census division 2
Incorporated [2]
 - Village 

July 14, 1910
 - Town September 8, 1911
 - City September 1, 2005
Government[3]
 • Mayor Martin Shields
 • Governing body
 • CAO Alan Martens (acting)
 • MP LaVar Payne (ConsMedicine Hat)
 • MLA Derek Fildebrandt (WRPStrathmore-Brooks)
Area (2011)[4]
 • Total 18.19 km2 (7.02 sq mi)
Elevation[5] 760 m (2,490 ft)
Population (2011)[4][6]
 • Total 13,676
 • Density 751.9/km2 (1,947/sq mi)
 • Agglomeration 23,430
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Postal code span T1R
Area code(s) +1-403
Highways Trans-Canada Highway
Highway 36
Website Official website

Brooks is a city in southeast Alberta, Canada surrounded by the County of Newell. It is located on Highway 1 (Trans-Canada Highway) and the Canadian Pacific Railway, approximately 186 km (116 mi) southeast of Calgary, and 110 km (68 mi) northwest of Medicine Hat. The city has an elevation of 760 m (2,490 ft).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Arts and culture 5
  • Attractions 6
  • Sports 7
  • Government 8
  • Education 9
  • Health care 10
  • Media 11
  • Notable people 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15

History

The area that is now Brooks was originally used as a bison hunting ground for the Blackfoot and Crow. After Treaty 7 was signed in 1877, homesteaders moved into the area to begin farming. Before 1904, the area still did not have a name. Through a Postmaster General-sponsored contest, the area was named after Noel Edgell Brooks, a Canadian Pacific Railway Divisional Engineer from Calgary.[7]

Brooks incorporated as a village on July 14, 1910, and then as a town on September 8, 1911.[2] Its population in the 1911 Census of Canada was 486.[8]

In the 1996 Census, the population of Brooks reached 10,093[9] making it eligible for city status.[10] Brooks incorporated as a city on September 1, 2005[2] when its official population was 11,604.[11]

In 2010, Brooks celebrated its centennial as a municipality since originally incorporating as a village in 1910.[2][12]

Geography

Low hills covered in shortgrass prairie
Prairie southwest of Brooks

Brooks is located in the Grassland Natural Region of Alberta. The area surrounding Brooks is dry mixed grass/shortgrass prairie.[13]

Climate

Located in the steppe region known as the Palliser's Triangle, Brooks has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk).[14] Winters are dry and cold, with little snowfall compared to the rest of Canada.[15] Chinook winds, though less common than in areas west and especially southwest of Brooks, are not uncommon, and ameliorate the cold winter temperatures temporarily when they pass over. Wide diurnal temperature ranges are regular, due to the aridity and moderately high elevation. Low humidity is prevalent throughout the year. Most of the relatively scant annual precipitation occurs in late spring and summer, often in the form of thunderstorms. On average, the coldest month is January, with a mean temperature of −11.3 °C (11.7 °F), while the warmest is July, with a mean temperature of 18.3 °C (64.9 °F). The driest month is February, with an average monthly precipitation of 12.2 mm (0.48 in), while the wettest month is June, with an average of 58.8 mm (2.31 in). Annual precipitation is low, with an average of 348 mm (13.7 in).[16]

Demographics

The population of the City of Brooks according to its 2015 municipal census is 14,185,[18] a 4.4% change from its 2007 municipal census population of 13,581.[19]

In the 2011 Census, the City of Brooks had a population of 13,676 living in 5,037 of its 5,509 total dwellings, a 9.3% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 12,508. With a land area of 18.19 km2 (7.02 sq mi), it had a population density of 751.8/km2 (1,947.3/sq mi) in 2011.[4]

In 2006, Brooks had a population of 12,498 living in 5,051 dwellings, a 7.7% increase from 2001. The city has a land area of 17.70 km2 (6.83 sq mi) and a population density of 706.0/km2 (1,829/sq mi).[20]

A multicultural community, Brooks has been referred to as "The City of 100 Hellos" as a result of a documentary by Brandy Yanchyk profiling the community's significant immigrant, refugee and temporary foreign worker populations. The documentary was called "Brooks – The City of 100 Hellos" and was created in 2010 for Omni Television.[21] The community's multicultural character was also the subject of a 2007 National Film Board of Canada documentary, 24 Days in Brooks, directed by Dana Inkster.[22]

Visible minorities and Aboriginal population
Canada 2006 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[41]
South Asian 175 1.4%
Chinese 195 1.6%
Black 1,110 8.9%
Filipino 75 0.6%
Latin American 55 0.4%
Arab 80 0.6%
Southeast Asian 265 2.1%
West Asian 55 0.4%
Korean 40 0.3%
Japanese 70 0.6%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 20 0.2%
Total visible minority population 2,135 17.1%
Aboriginal group
Source:[42]
First Nations 155 1.2%
Métis 135 1.1%
Inuit 10 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 310 2.5%
White 10,050 80.4%
Total population 12,495 100%

Economy

The base of the economy of the City of Brooks is energy (oil and gas) and agriculture,[43] with other sectors including metal manufacturing,[44] food processing and construction.[43] It is also a retail and service centre for the surrounding area.[43]

Canada's second largest beef-processing facility, owned by JBS Canada,[45] is located in Brooks and ships meat across the country and internationally. In 2012, while the plant was owned by XL Foods, it released meat contaminated with E. coli, and was shut down for a month.[46][47] The plant has over 2000 employees.[48]

Arts and culture

Brooks has won the Communities in Bloom competition four times in a row. Brooks has won Tidiness and Community Involvement Awards at a national level.

The Brooks Public Library, with a collection of over 50,000 items, serves both the City of Brooks and the County of Newell.

Attractions

The Lakeside Leisure Centre is the area's main recreation centre. It includes one arena, a curling rink, an aquatic centre with a waterslide and wave pool, a gymnasium, a fitness centre, and multipurpose rooms. The complex was renovated in 2005.

In 2010, the Duke of Sutherland Park was redeveloped. It features baseball diamonds, a soccer field, a playground and a 3,200 ft (980 m)² waterpark with spray features for toddlers and a play structure for older children.

Also in 2010, the Centennial Regional Arena was completed after nearly a decade of planning and 18 months of construction. The multi-purpose facility seats 1,704 people. It includes corporate boxes, a running track, concessions, and a 200 ft × 85 ft (61 m × 26 m) surface. The arena is home to several user groups, including the Brooks Bandits.

There are three provincial parks in the area: Dinosaur Provincial Park, a World Heritage Site, to the northeast, Tillebrook Provincial Park to the east and Kinbrook Island Provincial Park to the south. In addition, there are several other recreational sites in the area including the Rolling Hills Reservoir, Crawling Valley Reservoir, and Emerson Bridge.

The Brooks Aqueduct southeast of Brooks was built to transport irrigation water across the Eastern Irrigation District. It spans across a 3.2 km (2.0 mi) valley, about 20 m (66 ft) above the ground.

Sports

Brooks is home to the Brooks Bandits of the Alberta Junior Hockey League.[49] The team was awarded to Brooks in 1998 and embarked on its first season in 2000.[49] The Bandits won the league championship in 2012[50] and 2013.[51] After repeating as league champions, the team went on to win its first Royal Bank Cup championship in 2013.[51]

There are two football teams in Brooks: the Roadrunners and the Buffalos. The teams comprise players from the local junior and senior high schools respectively. The Buffalos represented Brooks at provincial championships in 1989, 1995, 1997, and 2009, winning in the title in its last three appearances. The Roadrunners appeared at provincial championships in 1995, 2004, and 2007.

Government

Brooks City Council consists of one mayor and six councillors.[3] The last election was held in October 2013.

  • Mayor Martin Shields
  • Councillor Cathy Corbett-Schock
  • Councillor Norman Gerestein
  • Councillor Dan Klein
  • Councillor Barry Morishita
  • Councillor Bill Prentice
  • Councillor Fred D. Rattai

Education

Brooks has two high schools, two junior high schools, three elementary schools, two primary schools, and two alternative schools. Another elementary school is being built in the Upland area, and will be completed around 2015.[52] The schools are operated by Grasslands Public Schools and Christ the Redeemer School Division. Brooks also has a satellite campus of Medicine Hat College.

Health care

Acute medical care is provided at the Brooks Health Centre.

Media

Brooks is served by two radio stations, CIBQ-FM (Q105.7FM), and CIXF-FM (The One at 101.1). Both stations are owned by Newcap Broadcasting.

Brooks has two distinct newspapers. The Brooks Bulletin is published every Tuesday, and has served Brooks and the County of Newell since 1910. It has a weekly circulation of 4,332 and is a paid subscription product.[53]

The Weekend Regional is a second paper the Bulletin established in 2004 and it is published on Fridays. As of January 2010, it became a total market coverage product with a weekly circulation of 11,235.[53]

Notable people

See also

References

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  41. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision
  42. ^ [2], Aboriginal Peoples – Data table
  43. ^ a b c
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^ http://www.foodsafetyfirst.ca/2012/10/29/morale-good-as-2000-xl-foods-employees-go-back-to-work/
  49. ^ a b
  50. ^
  51. ^ a b
  52. ^
  53. ^ a b
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^

External links

  • Official website
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