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Charles Churchill (British Army general)


Charles Churchill (British Army general)

General Charles Churchill (2 February 1656 – 29 December 1714) was an English army officer who served during the War of the Spanish Succession.


Churchill was the son of Winston Churchill and Elizabeth Drake. He became Lieutenant of the Tower of London in 1702. At Blenheim, serving under his elder brother 1st Duke of Marlborough, he commanded 18 battalions at the center of the allied line. At the battle of Ramillies, again serving under his brother, he ordered four brigades of foot to attack the village.

He resigned his Lieutenancy of the Tower in 1706, and from 1706 to 1711 served as Governor of Guernsey.


Churchill married Mary Gould, daughter of James Gould (later married to the Montagu Venables-Bertie, 2nd Earl of Abingdon. He was the father of Lieutenant-General Charles Churchill by his mistress Elizabeth Odd and the grandfather of Charles Churchill (of Chalfont) (by his son's mistress, the actress Anne Oldfield (The grandson married Lady Maria Walpole, illegitimate daughter of Robert Walpole, and had issue including Mary Churchill, 2nd wife of Earl Cadogan, and ancestor of later earls). His sister was Arabella a royal mistress of James II of Great Britain, and his brother George became an admiral.[1]


Preceded by
Arthur Shallett
Philip Taylor
Michael Harvey
Thomas Freke
Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
With: Henry Thynne (1701)
George St Lo (1701-1705)
Michael Harvey (1701)
Maurice Ashley (1701-1702)
Sir Christopher Wren (1701-1702)
Henry Thynne (1702-1707)
Anthony Henley (1702-1707)
Maurice Ashley (1705-1707)
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
With: Maurice Ashley
Anthony Henley
Henry Thynne (1707-1709)
Edward Clavell (1709-1710)
Succeeded by
Maurice Ashley
James Littleton
William Betts
Anthony Henley
Military offices
Preceded by
Theophilus Oglethorpe
Colonel of Prince George of Denmark's Regiment
Succeeded by
The Duke of Argyll
Preceded by
The Viscount Hatton
Governor of Guernsey
Succeeded by
Daniel Harvey
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