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Chudovo, Chudovsky District, Novgorod Oblast

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Title: Chudovo, Chudovsky District, Novgorod Oblast  
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Language: English
Subject: Gruzino estate, Military settlement, Malaya Vishera, Okulovka (town), Novgorod Oblast, List of twin towns and sister cities in Finland
Collection: Cities and Towns in Novgorod Oblast
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Chudovo, Chudovsky District, Novgorod Oblast

Chudovo (English)
Чудово (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -

Chudovo railway station

Location of Novgorod Oblast in Russia
Chudovo is located in Novgorod Oblast
Chudovo
Chudovo
Location of Chudovo in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates:
Administrative status (as of April 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative district Chudovsky District[1]
Town of district significance Chudovo[2]
Administrative center of Chudovsky District,[1] town of district significance of Chudovo[2]
Municipal status (as of September 2010)
Municipal district Chudovsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Chudovo Urban Settlement[4]
Administrative center of Chudovsky Municipal District,[3] Chudovo Urban Settlement[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 15,397 inhabitants[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
First mentioned 1539[7]
Town status since July 20, 1937[8]
Postal code(s)[9] 174210, 174211
Official website

Chudovo (Russian: Чýдово) is a town and the administrative center of Chudovsky District in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Kerest River (a left tributary of the Volkhov). Population: 15,397 (2010 Census);[5] 17,434 (2002 Census);[10] 17,982 (1989 Census).[11]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
  • Economy 3
    • Industry 3.1
    • Transportation 3.2
  • Culture and recreation 4
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Sources 5.2

History

Historical affiliations

Grand Duchy of Moscow 1539–1547
Tsardom of Russia 1547–1721
 Russian Empire 1721–1917
Russian Republic 1917
Soviet Russia 1917–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1991
 Russian Federation 1991–present

The village of Chudovo was first mentioned in chronicles in 1539.[7] By the mid-18th century, it developed into a big selo with a postal service station.[7] By the beginning of the 19th century, Chudovo was the seat of Chudovskaya Volost of Novgorodsky Uyezd in Novgorod Governorate. The development of the area was further aided by the construction of the Moscow–St. Petersburg Railway, which opened in 1851.[7] The railway to Novgorod was completed in 1871.[7] A match factory, two cement-making factories, and a number of porcelain factories were built.[7]

In August 1927, the uyezds were abolished and, effective October 1, 1927, Chudovsky District was established, with the administrative center in Chudovo.[12] Novgorod Governorate was abolished as well and the district became a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] On June 25, 1928, Chudovo was granted urban-type settlement status;[12] town status was granted on July 20, 1937.[8] On July 23, 1930 the okrugs were abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[12]

During World War II, between August 20, 1941 and January 29, 1944, Chudovo was occupied by German troops. On July 5, 1944, Chudovsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast and remained there ever since.[13]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Chudovo serves as the administrative center of Chudovsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Chudovsky District as the town of district significance of Chudovo.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Chudovo is incorporated within Chudovsky Municipal District as Chudovo Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy

Industry

The largest industries of the town include a match factory, a plywood factory, and a Cadbury Schweppes factory. The former glass-making factory in Chudovo was reoriented to production of insulation materials.[14]

Transportation

Chudovo lies on the federal M10 Highway connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg, 80 kilometers (50 mi) north of Veliky Novgorod and 100 kilometers (62 mi) south of St. Petersburg. It is an important railway junction at the intersection of the Moscow–St. Petersburg Railway (inaugurated in 1851) and the Veliky Novgorod–Volkhov branch (railway between Chudovo and Staraya Russa via Veliky Novgorod was opened on July 12, 1878; however, the segment beyond Veliky Novgorod was destroyed during World War II and never restored).

Culture and recreation

There are two objects in Chudovo classified as cultural and historical heritage of federal significance and seven more objects of local significance.[15] The federal monuments are the house of Nikolay Nekrasov and the school building constructed by him. The local monuments are monuments to soldiers fallen during World War II.

The Nekrasov Museum in Chudovo

The museum of Nikolay Nekrasov is in the house where he used to work in summertime between 1871 and 1876. In the nearby village of Syabrenitsy there is a museum of the writer Gleb Uspensky, housed in the building where he used to live in the 1880s. Count Alexey Arakcheyev's residence Gruzino is several miles away. The Chudovsky District Museum was opened in 1987 and displays collections of local interest.[16]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b Law #284-OZ
  4. ^ a b c Law #368-OZ
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b c d e f
  8. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 90
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b c d Snytko et al., pp. 85–87
  13. ^ Snytko et al., p. 93
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^

Sources


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