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Churchill C. Cambreleng


Churchill C. Cambreleng

Churchill Caldom Cambreleng (October 24, 1786 -– April 30, 1862) was an American politician from New York.


Historical marker designating the birth city of Cambreleng

C. C. Cambreleng was born in Washington, Beaufort County, North Carolina on October 24, 1786. He attended school in New Bern, North Carolina, and moved to New York City in 1802.

Intending to begin a career as a businessman, Cambreleng worked as a clerk in a mercantile counting room. In 1806 he moved to Providence, Rhode Island, where he was the chief clerk for a merchant with interests in the Pacific Northwest. After the death of his employer, Cambreleng intended to pursue a business opportunity in New Orleans, but was unable to remain there because of ongoing combat during the War of 1812.

He then returned to New York City, where he was employed by John Jacob Astor.[1] Cambreleng traveled throughout Europe and Asia while handling commercial opportunities for himself and Astor, and he eventually became wealthy as a result of his business success.

Cambreleng was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the 17th, and was re-elected as a Crawford Democratic-Republican to the 18th, as a Jacksonian to the 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd, 23rd and 24th, and as a Democrat to the 25th United States Congress, holding office from December 3, 1821, to March 4, 1839. He was Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs (23rd Congress) and Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means (24th and 25th Congresses).

Upon its incorporation in 1831, he became the first President of the Saratoga and Schenectady Railroad.

President Martin Van Buren appointed him United States Minister to Russia in 1840 and he served until 1841. He was a delegate from Suffolk County to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1846.

He attended the 1848 Democratic National Convention in Baltimore as a Barnburner but withdrew with his faction, and participated in the nomination of Van Buren as the candidate of the Free Soil Party. Later he rejoined the Democrats and supported Franklin Pierce in 1852.

Death and burial

Cambreleng died in West Neck, Suffolk County, New York on April 30, 1862. He was buried at Brooklyn's Green-Wood Cemetery, Section 73, Lot 4150.


  1. ^ Appletons' annual cyclopaedia and register of important events of the year: 1862. New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1863. p. 665. 


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Henry Meigs,
Peter H. Wendover
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 2nd congressional district

1821 - 1823
with John J. Morgan 1821-23
Succeeded by
Jacob Tyson
Preceded by
Jeremiah H. Pierson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 3rd congressional district

1823 - 1839
with Jeromus Johnson 1825-29, Gulian C. Verplanck 1825-33, Campbell P. White 1829-35, Dudley Selden 1833-34, Cornelius Van Wyck Lawrence 1833-34, Charles G. Ferris 1834-35, Gideon Lee 1835-37, John McKeon 1835-37, Ely Moore 1835-39, Edward Curtis 1837-39, and Ogden Hoffman 1837-39
Succeeded by
Moses H. Grinnell,
Edward Curtis,
James Monroe,
Ogden Hoffman
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
George M. Dallas
United States Ambassador to Russia
1840 - 1841
Succeeded by
Charles S. Todd
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