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Ciudad Real

Ciudad Real
Municipality
Plaza Mayor de Ciudad Real
Plaza Mayor de Ciudad Real
Flag of Ciudad Real
Flag
Coat of arms of Ciudad Real
Coat of arms
Ciudad Real is located in Spain
Ciudad Real
Location in Spain
Coordinates:
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Castile-La Mancha
Province Ciudad Real
Comarca Campo de Calatrava
Government
 • Mayor Pilar Zamora (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 289.98 km2 (111.96 sq mi)
Elevation 628 m (2,060 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 74,921
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ciudadrealeños
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 13001-13005
Website Official website

Ciudad Real (Spanish pronunciation: ; English: Royal City) is a city in Castile–La Mancha, Spain, with a population of c. 75,000. It is the capital of the province of Ciudad Real. It has a stop on the AVE high-speed rail line and has begun to grow as a long-distance commuter suburb of Madrid, which is located 115 miles (185 km) to the north of Ciudad Real.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Main sights 2
  • Events 3
  • Sports 4
  • Transport 5
  • Climate 6
  • Education 7
  • University 8
  • People 9
  • References 10

History

Cathedral of Ciudad Real

Ciudad Real was founded by King Alfonso X The Wise in the 13th century (1255) to fight with the Military Order of Calatrava. During the Middle Ages, four kilometres of walls and one hundred and thirty towers protected a population made up of Christians, Muslims and Jews.

After the unification of the Iberian kingdoms under the Catholic Monarchs, Ciudad Real became the capital of the province of La Mancha in 1691. This fact favoured its economic development which was shown by the construction of several important buildings. In 1755, however, an earthquake centred on Lisbon destroyed many of these buildings. In 1809, during the Peninsular War, French troops defeated their Spanish counterparts and occupied the city, using the local hospital as their headquarters and barracks.

Main sights

Jardines del Prado

The Plaza Mayor sits in the centre of Ciudad Real. Today, only two parts of the wall that surrounded the city in medieval times remain standing.

Don Quixote's Museum is situated next to Parque de Gasset.

The Museo Elisa Cendreros exhibits an old collection of fans and carved wood.

The Iglesia de Santiago is the oldest church in Ciudad Real. It was built at the end of the 13th century. Its style is Gothic. It has three blocks divided into two parts. It is decorated with gothic paintings and with seven-headed dragons, which were used such us amulets against the bad spirits. The ceiling is decorated with stones forming eight pointed stars.

Another important church in Ciudad Real is Iglesia de San Pedro (Church of Saint Peter). It is the most interesting and typical monument of the city. It was built during the 14th and 15th centuries. Its style is Gothic, and it houses the tomb of Chante de Coca, confessor and chaplain of the Catholic Monarchs. In the year 1420 the King of Castile and León Juan the II, gave him the title to Ciudad Real (Royal Town).

Ciudad Real Cathedral, built in the 16th century, has the second-largest nave in Spain and a magnificent Baroque altarpiece.[1]

Events

One of the most popular festivals in the city is La Pandorga, which takes place July 30 and 31. On the last day of the month the festival honours its patroness, La Virgen del Prado. The usual attire of the participants consists of jeans, a white shirt, and the traditional handkerchief.

Diputación Provincial.

Sports

El Pilar Park

The city had a handball team, the BM Ciudad Real, which was the winner of the handball EHF Champions League in 2006, 2008 and 2009.

The handball club was one of the best in the world and its former hall, the Don Quixote Arena, is one of the biggest in the Spanish professional league. BM Ciudad Real, however, moved its team to Madrid. Its name became BM Neptuno but for sponsorship reasons was often referred to as Atlético Madrid. In 2013, BM Neptuno also disappeared.

Ciudad Real also has a basketball team, which included David De la Rubia, one of the most renowned Spanish players in recent years.

Transport

A high-capacity airport (Ciudad Real Central Airport) was built to serve the city, but closed in 2012. The privately funded airport cost an estimated €1 billion to build. It is now for sale for €100 million plus payment of the developer's debt, although in July 2014 this was reduced to €80 million in a further attempt to find a buyer. In July 2015 the airport was auctioned resulting in only one bidder, Chinese company Tzaneem International offering €10'000.

Climate

Holy Week in Ciudad Real
Climate data for Ciudad Real 628m (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
13.7
(56.7)
17.9
(64.2)
19.7
(67.5)
24.1
(75.4)
30.5
(86.9)
34.5
(94.1)
33.7
(92.7)
28.4
(83.1)
21.5
(70.7)
15.1
(59.2)
11.4
(52.5)
21.8
(71.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
8.0
(46.4)
11.4
(52.5)
13.4
(56.1)
17.5
(63.5)
23.2
(73.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79)
21.6
(70.9)
15.8
(60.4)
10.1
(50.2)
6.9
(44.4)
15.6
(60.1)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
2.4
(36.3)
4.9
(40.8)
7.1
(44.8)
10.9
(51.6)
15.9
(60.6)
18.9
(66)
18.6
(65.5)
14.8
(58.6)
10.0
(50)
5.1
(41.2)
2.5
(36.5)
9.3
(48.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
30
(1.18)
28
(1.1)
48
(1.89)
41
(1.61)
25
(0.98)
6
(0.24)
5
(0.2)
26
(1.02)
53
(2.09)
45
(1.77)
59
(2.32)
401
(15.78)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6 6 5 8 6 3 1 1 4 6 6 7 59
Average relative humidity (%) 78 71 61 59 55 46 40 43 54 67 76 81 61
Mean monthly sunshine hours 133 157 213 226 260 313 352 323 247 190 135 114 2,664
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[2]

Education

Ciudad Real has 24 primary schools and 6 high Schools.

The high school "Torreón del Alcázar" was founded in 1987. In the first years there were only vocational studies, thirty teachers and 350 students. Some years later the high school incorporated the compulsory secondary studies and A levels. At the moment there are 80 teachers and 1200 students. In the year 1995 the high school was offered the opportunity to become a bilingual school. In the year 2005 the first bilingual group arrived.

University

See University of Castile–La Mancha (UCLM), Campus of Ciudad Real.

People

References

  1. ^ "Catedral de Santa María del Prado", Turismo de Castilla-La Mancha. (Spanish) Retrieved 31 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Valores climatológicos normales. Ciudad Real". 
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