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Clan Pollock

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Title: Clan Pollock  
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Clan Pollock

Clan Pollock
Crest: A boar passant shot through with a dart Proper
Motto Audacter et Strenue (Boldly and earnestly)
Profile
Region Lowlands
District Renfrewshire
Clan Pollock has no chief, and is an armigerous clan
Historic seat Pollok Castle

Clan Pollock is an armigerous Scottish clan whose origin lies in a grant of land on the southern bank of the River Clyde, courtesy of King David I, to the sons of Fulbert "the Saxon" from Walter fitz Alan, the 1st High Steward of Scotland, in the 12th century. It is among the oldest recorded surnames in Scotland.[1] The clan is a sept of Clan Maxwell.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Origins of the Clan 1.1
  • Clan profile 2
  • Castles 3
  • Peerage 4
  • Notable Descendants 5
  • See also 6
  • Citiations 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Origins of the Clan

The clan can trace its origin to Fulbert "the Saxon", a vassal knight of Walter fitz Alan from Oswestry, Shropshire, England. One of Walter fitz Alan's followers was a Richard Wallace of Oswestry, of whom Fulbert would've likely been aware. It is possible that "the Saxon" refers to the Futhorc spelling of the name Wallace.[2] Fulbert came to Scotland with Walter fitz Alan in about 1136 and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138. Fulbert's sons were granted land in Renfrewshire for the service of their father, a knight to Walter fitz Alan,[3] reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. The family name is retained in placenames such as Pollok, Pollokshields and Pollokshaws, all situated to the south side of the River Clyde, between Glasgow city centre and Paisley.

The church of Pollock was given to the monks of the Priory of Paisley in 1163 by Petrus de Polloc, eldest son of Fulbert. As part of a dowry for one of his daughters, Petrus bestowed the barony of Rothes upon her. Robert de Polloc, Fulbert's third son, gave the church of Mearns to the Priory of Paisley. John de Polloc was a signatory to the Ragman Rolls subscribing allegiance to King Edward I of England in 1296.[4] John Pollok of Pollok fought on the side of Mary, Queen of Scots, at the Battle of Langside on 13 May 1568, only a few miles from Pollok Castle and, as a result, was forfeited of some of his lands. John Pollok, his son, was killed on 7 December 1593 at the Battle of Dryfe Sands near Lockerbie during a battle between Clan Maxwell and the Clan Johnstone. Robert Pollok of Pollok was knighted and made 1st Baronet of Pollok by Queen Anne in 1703 for his services to the crown.

Clan profile

  • Clan chief: Clan Pollock has no chief, and is an armigerous clan.
  • Chiefly arms: A saltire Vert, 2nd, 3rd and 4th or buglehorns stringed and garnished.
  • Motto: Audacter et strenue. The motto translates from Latin as "boldly and earnestly".
  • Crest: A boar, shot through with an arrow proper.
  • Tartan: Pollock Ancient and Pollock Modern.

Castles

Peerage

Notable Descendants

See also

Citiations

  1. ^ Crawford, George (1710). General Description of the Shire of Renfrew, Including an Account of the Noble and Ancient Families.
  2. ^ Talk:Clan Pollock
  3. ^ Ritchie, R. L. Graeme (1954). The Normans in Scotland. Edinburgh University Press. p. 280. 
  4. ^ Way (1994), pp.446-447.

References

  • George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, Harper Collins, Glasgow, 1994. ISBN 0-00-470547-5

External links

  • Clan Pollock International
  • Clan Pollock Facebook Page


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