World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Clinton Manges

Article Id: WHEBN0024783742
Reproduction Date:

Title: Clinton Manges  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: United States Football League, Junction, Texas, Raymondville, Texas, San Antonio Gunslingers, Jim Mattox, Joe Silipo
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Clinton Manges

Clinton Manges
Born (1923-08-22)August 22, 1923
Cement, Oklahoma
Died September 23, 2010(2010-09-23) (aged 87)
San Antonio, Texas
Cause of death cancer
Resting place Hahl Memorial Cemetery, Freer, Duval County, Texas, USA
Ethnicity Okie
Home town
Net worth c:a $1 billion total fortune at its peak[1]
Political party Democrat
Criminal charge mail fraud, bribery, conspiracy
Criminal penalty
Spouse(s) Ruth Richmond (m. 1946–2010, his death)
Children Barbie Cole, Clint Manges, Ruthie Herfort, MaLou Manges
Military career
Service/branch U.S. Coast Guard
Rank Able Seaman
Battles/wars World War II
Clinton Manges (August 22, 1923 – September 23, 2010) was a controversial oil tycoon in Texas in the 1970s and 1980s.

Manges was born in Cement, Oklahoma, but began amassing his fortune in South Texas in the early 1970s when he befriended Lloyd Bentsen, Sr. and political boss George Parr, the "Duke of Duval." In 1971 he bought a 100,000-acre (400 km2) ranch in the county. He was a confidante and close friend of numerous officials, including the late Attorney General Jim Mattox, Garry Mauro and Lt. Gov. Bob Bullock[2][3][4]

Unlike most of his contemporaries, Manges was an unabashed liberal. In contrast, most Texas oil barons like Eddie Chiles, Bunker and Lamar Hunt, Clint Murchison, and Bill Clements were extremely conservative and supported Republican candidates. With his large fortune, Manges was soon one of the most prolific supporters of Democratic candidates in Texas. He would often donate $50,000 or more to various statewide campaigns. Paul Burka of Texas Monthly wrote of Manges in 1984, "By mastering the mysterious ways of South Texas, Clinton Manges has built an empire, amassed political influence, declared war on the state establishment—and left bitter enemies in his wake."[2]

Personal life

Manges was born to migrant farm workers in Cement, Oklahoma. He dropped out of grade school to pick cotton. Later, he attended high school in Port Aransas and worked as a shrimper. After his wartime service in the Coast Guard, he moved to the Rio Grande Valley. He met Ruth Richmond, daughter of a prosperous local farmer, and fellow employee at the Rio Theatre in Raymondville; they married in 1946. At age 24 he suffered from tuberculosis. In the 1960s he worked in a gas station, where he met and impressed Lloyd Bentsen, Sr.; he subsequently represented Bentsen in his real estate dealings.[1][5]

Manges didn't smoke or drink. He agreed to pay legal expenses of Duval County District Judge O. P. Carillo in his impeachment trial.[6]

He owned the Mongoose bowling alley, and later the Mongoose cotton gin. He experienced financial problems in 1961, did not pay debts, and wrote bad checks to the state of Texas. The Small Business Administration foreclosed on the loan with which he started the ginning business. In 1963, he was indicted for making false statements on the application for that loan. He pled guilty in 1965 and paid a fine of $2500.[2]

Manges was convicted on federal charges of bribery and mail fraud in 1995, and after his appeals failed reported to prison in 1997. Charges of conspiracy to bribe the number two official of the Texas General Land Office were dismissed in U.S. district court for lack of federal jurisdiction.[3]

San Antonio Gunslingers

In 1984, Manges talked the fledgling United States Football League into granting him an expansion franchise, the San Antonio Gunslingers. In 1983, he had paid to upgrade Alamo Stadium with artificial turf and an all-weather track.[7] Despite Manges' wealth, the Gunslingers were badly undercapitalized. His habit of paying team expenses out-of-pocket caught up with him in 1985, when his oil fortune collapsed (though he'd been in financial trouble since at least 1980). In the ESPN documentary Small Potatoes - Who Killed the USFL? that first aired on Tues. October 20, 2009, former Gunslingers quarterback Rick Neuheisel stated that during that season, the players would often race each other to the bank in order to cash their paychecks. According to Neuheisel, the players knew that the first 50% of the checks deposited were likely to clear, but that the other half would likely bounce.

In June, Manges essentially walked away from the Gunslingers and stopped paying the team's bills, forcing the team to play the last stretch of the season for free. When he refused to make restitution for the team's debts, league commissioner Harry Usher revoked the franchise. The players sued Manges to recover back pay, but that suit collapsed when he declared bankruptcy in 1987. At least some of the players and coaches still hadn't been paid at the time of a 1998 reunion, and no one owed back pay had been paid at the time of his death.

Bankruptcy and prison

Manges' empire eventually collapsed (1987) and he was convicted and sentenced to prison for two years for mail fraud. He also lost 100,000-acre (400 km2) he had bought in 1968 Magic Kingdom ranch to Chapter 11 bankruptcy.[4] In 1991 (or 1987), armed federal marshals arrived at the ranch by Black Hawk helicopter to seize his property.[1][5]

He died in a San Antonio, Texas nursing home.[1]


External links

Find a Grave

American military personnel of World War II

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.