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Colonial Heads of Algeria

 

Colonial Heads of Algeria

Beylerbey: Bey of beys
Kalifah: Governor acting in the absence of the Beylerbey
Aga (Agha): Military Commander

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Ottoman Suzerainty Ottomans subsumed the Abd al-Wadid Kingdom c. 1518 to 1550
see Ottoman governors of Algeria
1516 to 1520 Aruj the Corsair Conquered Algiers region; lost to the Kabyles
Hayreddin Barbarossa
Kabyle Algiers
1520 to 1525 Ahmed Belkadi
see Ottoman governors of Algeria
1529 to 4 July 1546 Hayreddin Barbarossa, Beylerbey
  1535 to 1543   Hasan Aga, Kalifah For Barbarosa
  1543 to 1544   Beshir Pasha, Kalifah For Barbarosa
  1544 to 4 July 1546   Hasan Pasha, Kalifah 1st term; for Barbarosa
4 July 1546 to September 1551 Hasan Pasha, Beylerbey 2nd term
September 1551 to May 1552 Khalifa Saffah, Kalifah  
May 1552 to 1556 Salah Raïs, Beylerbey  
1556 to June 1557 Hasan Corso, Kalifah  
June 1557 to June 1557 Mehmed Tekkelerli, Beylerbey  
June 1557 to 1557 Yusuf, Kalifah  
1557 to 1557 Yahya, Kalifah  
1557 to May 1561 Hasan Pasha, Beylerbey 3rd term
June 1561 to September 1562 Hasan Khüsro Aga, Kalifah  
September 1562 to 1562 Ahmad Pasha Qabia, Kalifah  
1562 to 1567 Hasan Pasha, Beylerbey 4th term
1567 to March 1568 Muhammad ibn Salah Raïs
or Mehmed Pasha, Kalifah 1st term
March 1568 to 1577 Ölj Ali Pasha, el-Euldj ‘Ali  
  1568 to 1571   Mehmed Pasha, Kalifah 2nd term; for Ölj Ali Pasha
  10 October 1571 to 1574   Arab Ahmed, Kalifah For Ölj Ali Pasha
  1574 to May 1577   Qa’id Ramdan, Kalifah For Ölj Ali Pasha
May 1577 to 1580 Hasan Pasha Veneziano 1st term
1580 to 1582 Ja’far Pasha  
1582 to 1588 Hasan Pasha Veneziano 2nd term
1588 to 1589 Deli Ahmad Pasha  
1589 to 1592 Hızır Pasha 1st term
1592 to 1594 Hajji Shaban Pasha  
1594 to 1594 Mustafa Pasha 1st term
1594 to 1596 Khizr Pasha
(Hizr Pasha)
2nd term
1596 to 1598 Mustafa Pasha 2nd term
1598 to 1599 Hasan Pasha Bu Risa  
1599 to 1603 Süleyman Pasha [1]  
1603 to 1605 Khizr Pasha
(Hizr Pasha)
3rd term
1605 to 1607 Köse Mustafa Pasha 1st term
1607 to 1610 Rizvan Pasha  
1610 to 1613 Köse Mustafa Pasha 2nd term
1613 to 1616 Shaykh Huseyin Pasha 1st term
1616 to 1616 Köse Mustafa Pasha 3rd term
1616 to January 1617 Süleyman Katanya, Pasha  
January 1617 to 1619 Shaykh Hüseyin Pasha
(Sheikh Hussein Pasha)
2nd term
1619 to 1621 Sherif Koça, Pasha
(Sherif Koja)
 
1621 to 1621 Khizr Pasha
(Hizr Pasha)
4th term
1621 to 1621 Mustafa Pasha  
1622 to 1622 Khüsrev Pasha  
1622 to 1623 Vacant
1623 to 1626 Murad Pasha  
1626 to 1627 Vacant
1627 to 1629 Hüseyin Pasha
(Hussein Pasha)
1st term
1629 to 1629/30 Yunus, Pasha  
1629/1630 to 1634 Hüseyin Pasha
(Hussein Pasha)
2nd term
1634 to 1636 Yusuf Pasha  
1636 to 1638 Abu‘l-Hasan Ali Pasha  
1638 to August 1640 Shaykh Hüseyin Pasha
(Sheikh Hussein Pasha)
 
August 1640 to 1642 Abu Djamal Youssef Pasha
(Abu Jemal Yusuf)
 
1642 to 1645 Mehmed Brusali Pasha  
1645 to 1645 Ali Biçnin Pasha
(Ali Bijnin)
 
1645 to 1647 Mahmud Brusali Pasha  
1647 to 1650 Yusef Pasha
(Yusuf)
 
1650 to 1653 Mehmed Pasha  
1653 to 1655 Ahmed Pasha 1st term
1655 to 1656 Ibrahim Pasha 1st term
1656 to 1658 Ahmed Pasha 2nd term
1658 to 1659 Ibrahim Pasha 2nd term
1659 to 1659 Ismail Pasha  
1659 to 1660 Khalil Aga
(Halil Aga)
 
1660 to 1661 Ramadan Aga  
1661 to 1665 Shaban Aga  
1665 to 1671 Ali Aga  
1671 to January 1682 Muhammad I, Dey  
January 1682 to 22 July 1683 Hassan I Baba, Dey  
22 July 1683 to 1686 Hüseyin I Mezzo-morte, Dey
(Huseyin 'Half-dead')
 
1686 to December 1688 Ibrahim I, Dey  
December 1688 to July 1695 Shaban, Dey  
July 1695 to December 1698 Ahmed I, Dey  
December 1698 to 1699 Hassan II Chavush, Dey  
1699 to October 1705 Mustafa I, Dey  
October 1705 to April 1706 Hüseyin II Khoja, Dey  
April 1706 to March 1710 Muhammad II Bektash, Dey  
March 1710 to 17 June 1710 Ibrahim II, Dey  
17 June 1710 to 4 April 1718 Ali II Shavush, Dey  
4 April 1718 to 18 May 1724 Muhammad III, Dey  
18 May 1724 to 1731 Kurd ‘Abdi, Dey  
1731 to November 1745 Ibrahim III the Old, Dey  
November 1745 to February 1748 Kücük Ibrahim IV, Dey  
February 1748 to 11 December 1754 Muhammad IV el Retorto, Dey  
11 December 1754 to February 1766 Ali III, Dey  
February 1766 to 11 July 1791 Muhammad V, Dey  
11 July 1791 to June 1798 Hassan III, Dey  
June 1798 to 1 July 1805 Mustafa II, Dey  
1 July 1805 to 15 November 1808 Ahmed II, Dey  
15 November 1808 to February 1809 Ali IV ar-Rasul, Dey  
February 1809 to March 1815 Ali V, Dey  
March 1815 to 11 April 1815 Muhammad VI, Dey  
11 April 1815 to 2 May 1817 Omar, Dey  
2 May 1817 to 1 March 1818 Ali VI Khoja, Dey  
1 March 1818 to 5 July 1830 Hüseyin III, Dey  
French Suzerainty
11 April 1830 to 5 July 1830    
5 July 1830 to 12 August 1830 Louis-Auguste-Victor, Count de Ghaisnes de Bourmont, Military Commander  
12 August 1830 to 21 February/21 March? 1831 General Bertrand Clausel, comte Clausel, Military Commander  
21 February/21 March 1831 to ?6/21 December 1831 General Pierre Bertheéne, Baron Berthezéne  
?6/21 December 1831 to 29 April 1833 Anne Jean Marie René Savary, duc de Rovigo, Military Commander  
22 November 1832 to December 1843 Abd-el-Kader, Emir of Mascara, Amir al-Muminin In rebellion; also styled Sultan al-Muminin
29 April 1833 to 27 July 1834 Théophile Voirol, Baron Voirol, interim Military Commander  
27 July 1834 to 8 July 1835 Jean-Baptiste Drouet, comte d'Erlon, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
8 July 1835 to 12 February 1837 Bertrand, comte Clauzel, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
12 February 1837 to 12/13 October 1837 Charles Marie Denys, comte de Damrémont, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
12/13 October 1837 to 11 November 1837    
11 November/1 December 1837 to 18 December 1840 Sylvain Charles, comte Valée, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
22 February 1841 to February 1842 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Governor-General of the French Possessions in Africa  
French Algeria Military Province
February 1842 to 1844 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Governor-General of Algeria  
1844 to 27 September 1847 Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Governor-General of Algeria  
  1 September 1845 to 6 July 1847   Christophe Juchault de Lamoricière, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Bugeaud
  6 July 1847 to 27 September 1847   Marie Alphonse Bedeau, acting Governor-General of Algeria For Begeaud
27 September 1847 to 24 February 1848 Henri-Eugène-Philippe-Louis d'Orleans, duc d'Aumale, Governor-General of Algeria  
24 February 1848 to 29 April 1848 Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, Governor-General of Algeria  
29 April 1848 to 9 September 1848 Nicolas Théodule Changarnier, Governor-General of Algeria  
9 September 1848 to 22 October 1850 Viala, Baron Charon, Governor-General of Algeria  
22 October 1850 to 10 May 1851 Alphonse Henri, comte d'Hautpoul, Governor-General of Algeria  
10 May 1851 to 11 December 1851 Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, Governor-General of Algeria 1st Term
11 December 1851 to 31 August 1858 Jacques Louis Randon, Governor-General of Algeria  
24 June 1858 to 21 March 1859 Prince Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul Bonaparte, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
21 March 1859 to 24 November 1860 Prosper, comte de Chasseloup-Laubat, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
24 November 1860 to 22 May 1864 Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies 2nd Term
22 May 1864 to 1 September 1864 Édouard de Martimprey, Minister for Algeria and the Colonies  
1 September 1864 to 27 July 1870 Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, Governor-General of Algeris  
27 July 1870 to 23 October 1870 Louis, Baron Durieu, Governor-General of Algeris  
23 October 1870 to 24 October 1870 Jean Walsin-Esterhazy, Governor-General of Algeris  
24 October 1870 to 16 November 1870 Henri-Gabriel Didier, Governor-General of Algeris  
16 November 1870 to 8 February 1871 Charles de Bouzet, Prefect of Oran and Extraordinary Commissioner of the Republic  
c.November 1870 to March 1871 Romuald Vuillermoz, Mayor of Algiers and Head of the Committee of Defence In rebellion
8 February 1871 to 21 March 1871 Alexis Lambert, Prefect of Oran and Extraordinary Commissioner of the Republic  
21 March 1871 to 10 June 1873 Louis Henri de Gueydon, Governor-General of Algeria  
10 June 1873 to 15 March 1879 Antoine-Eugène-Alfred Chanzy, Governor-General of Algeria  
15 March 1879 to 26 November 1881 Albert Grévy, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
French Algeria Civil Province
26 November 1881 to 18 April 1891 Louis Tirman, Governor-General of Algeria  
18 April 1891 to 28 September 1897 Jules Cambon, Governor-General of Algeria  
28 September 1897 to 1 October 1897 Auguste Loze, Governor-General of Algeria  
1 October 1897 to 26 July 1898 Louis Lépine, Governor-General of Algeria  
26 July 1898 to 3 October 1900 Edouard Lafferrièr, Governor-General of Algeria  
3 October 1900 to 18 June 1901 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria
(Charles Célestin Jonnart)
1st term;
18 June 1901 to 11 April 1903 Paul Réviol, Governor-General of Algeria
(Amédee Reviol)
 
11 April 1903 to 5 May 1903 Maurice Varnier, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
5 May 1903 to 22 May 1911 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria 2nd term
22 May 1911 to 29 January 1918 Charles Lutaud, Governor-General of Algeria  
29 January 1918 to 29 August 1919 Célestin-Charles Jonnart, acting Governor-General of Algeria 3rd term
29 August 1919 to 28 July 1921 Jean-Baptiste Eugène Abel, Governor-General of Algeria  
28 July 1921 to 17 April 1925 Théodore Steeg, Governor-General of Algeria  
17 April 1925 to 12 May 1925 Henri Dubief, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
12 May 1925 to 20 November 1927 Maurice Viollette, Governor-General of Algeria  
20 November 1927 to 3 October 1930 Pierre-Louis Bordes, Governor-General of Algeria  
3 October 1930 to 21 September 1935 Jules-Gaston Henri Carde, Governor-General of Algeria  
21 September 1935 to 19 July 1940 Georges le Beau, Governor-General of Algeria  
19 July 1940 to 16 July 1941 Jean-Charles Abrial, Governor-General of Algeria  
16 July 1941 to 20 September 1941 Maxime Weygand, Governor-General of Algeria  
20 September 1941 to 20 January 1943 Yves-Charles Chatel, acting Governor-General of Algeria  
20 January 1943 to 3 June 1943 Bernard-Marcel-Edmond Peyrouton, Governor-General of Algeria  
3 June 1943 to 8 September 1944 Georges-Albert-Julien Catroux, Governor-General of Algeria  
8 September 1944 to 11 February 1948 Yves Chataigneau, Governor-General of Algeria  
11 February 1948 to 9 March 1951 Marcel-Edmond Naegelen, Governor-General of Algeria  
12 April 1951 to 26 January 1955 Roger Léonard, Governor-General of Algeria  
26 January 1955 to 1 February 1956 Jacques-Émile Soustelle, Governor-General of Algeria  
1 February 1956 to 9 February 1956 Georges Albert Julien Catroux, Governor-General of Algeria  
9 February 1956 to 13 May 1958 Robert Lacoste, Governor-General of Algeria  
13 May 1958 to 1 June 1958 André Mutter, Governor-General of Algeria  
13 May 1958 to 23 May 1958 Jacques Massu, President of the Committee of Public Safety In rebellion
23 May 1958 to 7 June 1958 Committee of Public Safety:- In rebellion
Jacques Massu, President of the Central Committee of Public Safety
Sid Cara, President of the Central Committee of Public Safety
7 June 1958 to 12 December 1958 Raoul-Albin-Louis Salan, Delegate-general of Algeria  
12 December 1958 to 23 November 1960 Paul-Albert-Louis Delouvrier, Delegate-general of Algeria  
23 November 1960 to 19 March 1962 Jean Morin, Delegate-general of Algeria  
21 April 1961 to 25 April 1961 Directorate:- In rebellion
Maurice Challe
André Zeller
Edmond Jouhaud
Raoul-Albin-Louis Salan
19 March 1962 to 3 July 1962 Christian Fouchet, High Commissioner  
3 July 1962 to 25 September 1962 Abdur Rahman Farès, Chairman of the Provisional Executive
(Abderrahmane Farès)
 

For continuation after independence, see: Presidents of Algeria

Sources

  • http://www.rulers.org/rula1.html#algeria
  • African States and Rulers, John Stewart, McFarland
  • Heads of State and Government, 2nd Edition, John V da Graca, MacMillan Press (2000)

See also

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