World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Connie Morella

Article Id: WHEBN0001053042
Reproduction Date:

Title: Connie Morella  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Maryland's 8th congressional district, Barbara Mikulski, Steny Hoyer, Ben Cardin, Paul Sarbanes
Collection: 1931 Births, Ambassadors of the United States to the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, American People of Italian Descent, American University Alumni, Boston University Alumni, Elizabethtown College Alumni, Female Members of the United States House of Representatives, Italian-American Culture in Maryland, Living People, Maryland Republicans, Members of the Maryland House of Delegates, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Maryland, Norwich University Alumni, People from Bethesda, Maryland, People from Somerville, Massachusetts, Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Women State Legislators in Maryland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Connie Morella

Connie Morella
14th United States Ambassador to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
In office
August 1, 2003 – August 6, 2007
Preceded by Jeanne L. Phillips
Succeeded by Christopher F. Egan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2003
Preceded by Michael D. Barnes
Succeeded by Chris Van Hollen
Personal details
Born (1931-02-12) February 12, 1931
Somerville, Massachusetts
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Anthony Morella

Constance Albanese "Connie" Morella (born February 12, 1931) is a American University's faculty as an Ambassador in Residence for the Women in Politics Institute. She was appointed to the American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) by President Barack Obama in 2010.


  • Early life 1
  • Political career 2
    • Congressional career 2.1
    • Ambassador to the OECD 2.2
  • Awards and honors 3
  • Electoral history 4
  • See also 5
  • Footnotes 6
  • External links 7

Early life

She was born Constance Albanese in Somerville, Massachusetts. After graduating from Somerville High School in 1948 she earned an Associate of Arts from Boston University in 1950 and an Bachelor of Arts from the same institution in 1954. Although raised in a family of blue-collar Democrats, she became a Republican after meeting Anthony C. Morella, who had worked for liberal Republicans John Lindsay, Nelson Rockefeller, Charles Mathias, and others. After they wed, the couple moved to Bethesda, Maryland. After Connie Morella's sister died of cancer, Tony and Connie Morella adopted her six children to join their own three children.

Connie Morella became a secondary school teacher in the Montgomery County, Maryland, public schools from 1957 to 1961. She graduated from American University with an M.A. in 1967 and was an instructor there from 1968 to 1970, when she became a professor at Montgomery College in Rockville, Maryland. She continued to teach until 1985, but her political career gradually displaced her educational one.

Political career

Morella was appointed as a founding member to the Montgomery County Commission for Women, an advisory women's advocacy body, in 1971, and elected its president in 1973. She also became active in the League of Women Voters. In 1974, she ran unsuccessfully for the Maryland House of Delegates from the 16th District (Bethesda). She ran again in 1978, not only winning a seat but receiving more votes than the three previous incumbents. She was returned to the state legislature for an additional term, before running for United States Congress.

Congressional career

In 1986, Morella ran for the open Congressional seat in Maryland's 8th congressional district. The district was being vacated by Democrat Michael Barnes, who was pursuing an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic nomination to the U.S. Senate. Morella's opponent in the general election was State Senator Stewart Bainum, a multimillionaire business executive who consistently outpolled her throughout most of the campaign. A major turning point came when Morella unexpectedly won endorsements from the Baltimore Sun and the Washington Post, an unusual feat for a Republican candidate in the race for an open Congressional seat in Maryland. Many analysts credit the endorsements for Morella's narrow victory in November. She was the first woman to hold this seat. Although a Republican in an area that had become heavily Democratic, she proved highly popular among her constituents and won re-election seven times, serving until 2002.

Congresswoman Connie Morella

Morella opposes her party's positions on 1993 Budget, as did all Congressional Republicans.[1] She voted against declaring English the official language of the United States and in 1996 against a bill overwhelmingly approved by Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton, to combat illegal immigration. In 1996 she was one of only five Republicans to vote against the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act. In 1998 she was one of only three Republicans to vote against renaming the Washington National Airport the Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport. Morella was the only Republican in the entire Congress to have voted against approving both the use of military force in Iraq in 1991 and in 2002. Indeed, by many surveys, her voting record was consistently one of the most liberal of any Republican in the House.

Morella was active in human rights, women's health, and domestic violence issues in Congress, and served on the Science and Government Reform Committees. She was U.S. representative to the 1994 U.N. International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo and co-chair of the Congressional delegation to the 1995 U.N. Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. Among the legislation she sponsored were the 1992 Battered Women's Testimony Act, which provided funds for indigent women to hire expert testimony in domestic abuse cases, and the Judicial Training Act, which funded programs to educate judges about domestic violence, especially in child custody cases.

Morella came under greater pressure after her party took control of the House in 1994 Congressional elections. Although she signed the Contract with America developed by Newt Gingrich, she had a mixed record supporting the subsequent Republican majority in Congress. She did not openly challenge the new House leadership until 1997 when she voted "present" for Speaker of the House instead of for the incumbent, Newt Gingrich. In 1998, she was one of four Republicans, along with Amo Houghton and Peter T. King of New York and Chris Shays of Connecticut, to oppose all four articles of impeachment against Clinton during the Lewinsky scandal.

As a Republican congresswoman representing an affluent Democratic district in an increasingly Democratic state, Morella faced a succession of increasingly strong Democratic challengers. While she managed to fend them all off (even in the big Democratic years of 1992, 1996 and 1998), the low popularity of the Republican-controlled Congress gradually undermined her. She tried to portray herself as giving her district a place at the table, but over time Morella's Democratic opponents claimed that a vote for Morella was a vote to keep Tom DeLay and other Republicans unpopular to district voters in power. It was virtually taken for granted that Morella would be succeeded by a Democrat if she retired. It was also taken for granted that if Morella retired or was defeated in an election, it would be a long time before another Republican won the seat.

Maryland Senate President Thomas V. "Mike" Miller specifically stated that he intended to draw Morella's district out from under her after her relatively narrow reelection in 2000. The Democrats controlled both the State Legislature and the Governor's Office in 2000, thus controlling the redistricting for the 2000 Census. Staffers from Senate President Miller, House Speaker Cas Taylor, and Governor Parris Glendening drew new maps to gerrymander out Morella and fellow moderate Republican Bob Ehrlich.[2] One proposal went so far as to divide her district in two, effectively giving one to State Senator Chris Van Hollen and forcing Morella to run against popular Delegate and Kennedy political family member Mark Shriver.

The final redistricting plan was less ambitious, but still made the already heavily Democratic 8th district even more Democratic. It restored a heavily Democratic spur of eastern Montgomery County removed in the 1990 redistricting and added nine precincts in

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Michael D. Barnes
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by
Chris Van Hollen
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Jeanne L. Phillips
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
2003 – 2005
Succeeded by
Christopher F. Egan

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b  
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 


See also

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1996, write-ins received 379 votes. In 2000, Lih Young received 77 votes; write-ins received 275 votes; and Scott Walker received 19 votes.

Maryland's 8th congressional district: Results 1986–2002[8]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1986 Stewart Bainum, Jr. 82,825 47% Constance A. Morella 92,917 53%
1988 Peter Franchot 102,478 37% Constance A. Morella 172,619 63%
1990 James Walker, Jr. 39,343 17% Constance A. Morella 180,059 79% Sidney Altman Independent 7,485 3%
1992 Edward J. Heffernan 77,042 27% Constance A. Morella 203,377 73%
1994 Steven Van Grack 60,660 30% Constance A. Morella 143,449 70%
1996 Donald Mooers 96,229 39% Constance A. Morella 152,538 61% *
1998 Ralph G. Neas 87,497 40% Constance A. Morella 133,145 60%
2000 Terry Lierman 136,840 46% Constance A. Morella 156,241 52% Brian D. Saunders Constitution 7,017 2% *
2002 Chris Van Hollen 112,788 52% Constance A. Morella 103,587 48% Stephen Bassett Unaffiliated 1,599 1%

Electoral history

Morella has received honorary doctorates from American University, 1988; Norwich University, 1989; Dickinson College, 1989; Mt. Vernon College, 1995; University of Maryland University College, 1996; University of Maryland, 1997; Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 1997; Elizabethtown College, 1999; Washington College, 2000; and National Labor College, 2004. Her numerous awards and recognitions include induction into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame,[6] the Ron Brown Standards Leadership Award, and public service awards from the American Medical Association, the American Bar Association, and the Hubert H. Humphrey Civil Rights Award from the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights "for selfless and devoted service in the cause of equality." The Republic of Italy awarded her the Medal of the Legion of Merit. She was also given the Foremothers Award by The National Research Center for Women and Families in 2008. In 2013, she was awarded the Knight Commander’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany for putting “energy and enthusiasm into growing the Congressional Study Group on Germany, which is the oldest and most active parliamentary exchange involving Congress and the legislative branch of another country” during her tenure as President of the United States Association of Former Members of Congress. [7]

Awards and honors

. Richard Egan, son of Christopher Egan In November 2007, she was succeeded by [5] President

Ambassador to the OECD

In 2013, Morella was a signatory to an amicus curiae brief submitted to the Supreme Court in support of same-sex marriage during the Hollingsworth v. Perry case.[4]

She did carry some, but not all, of the precincts she'd previously represented. Proving just how Democratic this district was, the Republicans have only put up nominal candidates in the 8th since Morella's defeat, none of whom have cracked the 40 percent barrier. [3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.