World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Constable of Portugal

Constable of Portugal (Portuguese: Condestável de Portugal) was an office created by the King Ferdinand I of Portugal in 1382, to substitute the Alferes-Mor as the head of the Military. It was also referred as the Constable of the Kingdom (Condestável do Reino).

The Constable was the second most powerful person in the Kingdom, after the King of Portugal. The Constable's responsibility was to command the military in the absence of the king and to maintain discipline in the army; he was present at all military tribunals.

After the reign of John IV of Portugal (1640—1656), the title ceased to have military or administrative connotations, and was simply an honorific title.

Due to current usage of the word constable, a modern English speaker might use the term Field Marshal, Warden of Portugal or Warden of the Kingdom.

Constables of Portugal

  1. Álvaro Pires de Castro, 1st Count of Arraiolos and 1st Count of Viana (da Foz do Lima) (brother of Inês de Castro) (1310-1384)
  2. Nuno Álvares Pereira, the Saint Constable, 38th Lord Chamberlain (Mordomo-Mor) of Portugal (to King John I), 2nd Count of Arraiolos, 3rd Count of Ourém and 7th Count of Barcelos (1360-1431)
  3. João of Portugal, Infante of Portugal and Lord of Reguengos, Colares and Belas (1400-1442)
  4. Diogo of Portugal, son of the former, Infante of Portugal (1425-1443)
  5. Pedro of Portugal, King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona, Grand Master of the Order of Aviz (1429-1466)
  6. Fernando, 2nd Duke of Viseu, Infante of Portugal (1433-1470)
  7. John, Marquis of Montemor-o-Novo, son of Fernando I, Duke of Braganza (n.1430)
  8. Afonso of Viseu, grandson of Fernando, Duke of Viseu (1480-1504)
  9. Luís, 5th Duke of Beja, Infante of Portugal (1506-1555)
  10. Duarte II, 5th Duke of Guimarães, grandson of King Manuel I of Portugal (1541-1576)
  11. John, 6th Duke of Braganza (1543-1583)
  12. Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba (1581-1582)
  13. Teodósio II, 7th Duke of Braganza (1582-1630)
  14. João IV, King of Portugal (1604-1656)
  15. Francisco de Melo, 5th Marquis of Ferreira, 4th Count of Tentúgal (1588-1645)
  16. Pedro II, King of Portugal (1648-1706)
  17. Nuno Álvares Pereira de Melo, 1st Duke of Cadaval, 4th Marquis of Ferreira, 5th Count of Tentúgal (1638-1727)
  18. Francisco, 7th Duke of Beja, Infante of Portugal (1691-1742)
  19. João VI, King of Portugal (1767-1826)
  20. Miguel, King of Portugal (1802-1866)
  21. Nuno Caetano Álvares Pereira de Melo, 6th Duke of Cadaval, 8th Marquis of Ferreira, 9th Count of Tentúgal (1799-1837)
  22. António de Vasconcelos e Sousa Câmara Caminha Faro e Veiga, 8th Count of Calheta, 4th Marquis of Castelo Melhor (1816-1858)
  23. Luís I, King of Portugal (1838-1889)
  24. João, 8th Duke of Beja, Infante of Portugal (1842-1861)
  25. Afonso, Duke of Porto, Infante of Portugal (1865-1920)

See also

External links

  • Constables of Portugal in a Portuguese genealogical site
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.