World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Courts in Austria

Article Id: WHEBN0017636317
Reproduction Date:

Title: Courts in Austria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Foreign relations of Austria, Human rights in Austria, Austria, Courts in Austria, Government of Austria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Courts in Austria

The system of courts in Austria interpreting and applying Austrian law is marked by a division between ordinary courts, dealing with criminal and civil cases, and public law tribunals for constitutional law, administrative law and asylum law. Unlike other federations, all courts exercise the immediate judicial authority of the federal state. In the course of an administrative jurisdiction reform implemented in 2012, administrative courts of the Austrian states (Länder) will be established in 2014.

Ordinary courts

Ordinary courts are the most numerous by far. Currently there are 134 district courts (Bezirksgerichte) on local level and 18 regional courts (Landesgerichte). Regional courts are established in Eisenstadt, Feldkirch, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Korneuburg, Krems an der Donau, Leoben, Linz, Ried im Innkreis, Salzburg, Sankt Pölten, Steyr, Wels, Wien (a criminal court and a civil court), and Wiener Neustadt. Four Oberlandesgerichte function as appellate courts:

Trial courts are composed of:
Trial Court Composition Jurisdiction
Bezirksgerichte (BG) Civil law 1 judge Civil action up to 15,000 Euros amount in dispute; Alternative Dispute Resolution; foreclosure proceedings and personal bankruptcy; land registration.
Criminal law 1 judge Criminal offenses in which the sentence is expected to be less than one year.
Landesgerichte (LG) Civil law 1 judge, mixed courts with 2 lay judges and one professional judge, or panels of 3 judges. All cases not assigned to the Bezirksgerichte; employment and social jurisdiction; state liability.
Criminal law


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.