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Crescent (brand)

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Title: Crescent (brand)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Adjustable spanner, Gardner Bender, Stahlwille, Mastercraft (tool brand), Paslode
Collection: Apex Tool Group Brands, Companies Established in 1907, Tool Manufacturing Companies of the United States
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Crescent (brand)

Product type Hand tools
Owner Apex Tool Group
Country USA
Introduced 1907
Previous owners Crescent Niagara Corporation, Crescent Tool Company, Cooper Tools

Crescent, originally called the Crescent Tool Company, is a brand of hand tools. Founded in 1907, the Crescent brand has changed ownership multiple times. It is currently owned by Apex Tool Group, LLC as part of its Hand Tools division. It is best known for its style of adjustable wrench.[1][2]


  • History 1
  • Gallery 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


The Crescent Tool Company was founded in Jamestown, New York, by Karl Peterson and Edward J. Worcester in 1907. It is considered "one of the crown jewels of Jamestown's industry".[3] The company soon became known for its adjustable wrenches.[3]

In 1927, Charles Lindbergh, for tools brought only pliers and a Crescent brand wrench on his famous solo flight across the Atlantic.[4] In fact, Lindberg said that he brought only "gasoline, sandwiches, a bottle of water, and a Crescent wrench and pliers".[5] Also, there was a rumor that Richard Evelyn Byrd, on his initial journey to Alaska, had a Crescent wrench in his provisions.[3]

An 1857 patent by Edward J. Worcester is a progenitor of modern adjustable wrenches.[6] The Swedish company Bahco and inventor Johan Petter Johansson are also credited with the design of modern adjustable wrenches.

The Crescent Tool Company was acquired by a group of investors in 1960 after Marvin Peterson, Karl's son, sold it.[4] The company was renamed the Crescent Niagara Corporation. In 1968, Crescent Niagara was acquired by Cooper Industries. In 2010, the tool divisions of Cooper Industries and Danaher Corporation formed a joint venture, Apex Tool Group, LLC. The brand is currently owned by Apex Brands, Inc. the intellectual property entity of Apex Tool Group.[7]

Crescent brand adjustable wrenches are manufactured in both Sumter, South Carolina and in China.



  1. ^ US 1133236 
  2. ^ "Crescent Tool Company: Adjustable Wrenches". Alloy Artifacts. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 
  3. ^ a b c Crocker, Kathleen; Currie, Jane (2004). Jamestown. Portsmouth, New Hampshire:  
  4. ^ a b Fifield, Will (June 2007). "A Century of Success".  
  5. ^ "The Crescent Wrench Turns 100". BuildingOnline. 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  6. ^ US 17531 
  7. ^ "Crescent Tool Company: Company History". Alloy Artifacts. Retrieved 2010-02-07. 

External links

  • Crescent website
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