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Cyclin-dependent kinase 4

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Title: Cyclin-dependent kinase 4  
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Cyclin-dependent kinase 4

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4
Rendering based on PDB .
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols  ; CMM3; PSK-J3
External IDs ChEMBL: GeneCards:
EC number
RNA expression pattern
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 also known as cell division protein kinase 4 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CDK4 gene. CDK4 is a member of the cyclin-dependent kinase family.

Contents

  • Function 1
  • Clinical significance 2
  • Interactions 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

Function

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the Ser/Thr protein kinase family. This protein is highly similar to the gene products of S. cerevisiae cdc28 and S. pombe cdc2. It is a catalytic subunit of the protein kinase complex that is important for cell cycle G1 phase progression. The activity of this kinase is restricted to the G1-S phase, which is controlled by the regulatory subunits D-type cyclins and CDK inhibitor p16INK4a. This kinase was shown to be responsible for the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma gene product (Rb).[1]

Clinical significance

Mutations in this gene as well as in its related proteins including D-type cyclins, p16(INK4a) and Rb were all found to be associated with tumorigenesis of a variety of cancers. Multiple polyadenylation sites of this gene have been reported.[1]

It is regulated by Cyclin D.

Interactions

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 has been shown to interact with:

Overview of signal transduction pathways involved in apoptosis.

References

  1. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CDK4 cyclin-dependent kinase 4". 
  2. ^ a b c d Ewing RM, Chu P, Elisma F, Li H, Taylor P, Climie S, McBroom-Cerajewski L, Robinson MD, O'Connor L, Li M, Taylor R, Dharsee M, Ho Y, Heilbut A, Moore L, Zhang S, Ornatsky O, Bukhman YV, Ethier M, Sheng Y, Vasilescu J, Abu-Farha M, Lambert JP, Duewel HS, Stewart II, Kuehl B, Hogue K, Colwill K, Gladwish K, Muskat B, Kinach R, Adams SL, Moran MF, Morin GB, Topaloglou T, Figeys D (2007). "Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry". Mol. Syst. Biol. 3 (1): 89.  
  3. ^ Dai K, Kobayashi R, Beach D (1996). "Physical interaction of mammalian CDC37 with CDK4". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (36): 22030–4.  
  4. ^ Lamphere L, Fiore F, Xu X, Brizuela L, Keezer S, Sardet C, Draetta GF, Gyuris J (1997). "Interaction between Cdc37 and Cdk4 in human cells". Oncogene 14 (16): 1999–2004.  
  5. ^ Stepanova L, Leng X, Parker SB, Harper JW (1996). "Mammalian p50Cdc37 is a protein kinase-targeting subunit of Hsp90 that binds and stabilizes Cdk4". Genes Dev. 10 (12): 1491–502.  
  6. ^ a b c Lin J, Jinno S, Okayama H (2001). "Cdk6-cyclin D3 complex evades inhibition by inhibitor proteins and uniquely controls cell's proliferation competence". Oncogene 20 (16): 2000–9.  
  7. ^ a b Cariou S, Donovan JC, Flanagan WM, Milic A, Bhattacharya N, Slingerland JM (2000). "Down-regulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 or p27Kip1 abrogates antiestrogen-mediated cell cycle arrest in human breast cancer cells". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (16): 9042–6.  
  8. ^ a b Rual JF, Venkatesan K, Hao T, Hirozane-Kishikawa T, Dricot A, Li N, Berriz GF, Gibbons FD, Dreze M, Ayivi-Guedehoussou N, Klitgord N, Simon C, Boxem M, Milstein S, Rosenberg J, Goldberg DS, Zhang LV, Wong SL, Franklin G, Li S, Albala JS, Lim J, Fraughton C, Llamosas E, Cevik S, Bex C, Lamesch P, Sikorski RS, Vandenhaute J, Zoghbi HY, Smolyar A, Bosak S, Sequerra R, Doucette-Stamm L, Cusick ME, Hill DE, Roth FP, Vidal M (2005). "Towards a proteome-scale map of the human protein-protein interaction network". Nature 437 (7062): 1173–8.  
  9. ^ Ghavidel A, Cagney G, Emili A (2005). "A skeleton of the human protein interactome". Cell 122 (6): 830–2.  
  10. ^ Guan KL, Jenkins CW, Li Y, Nichols MA, Wu X, O'Keefe CL, Matera AG, Xiong Y (1994). "Growth suppression by p18, a p16INK4/MTS1- and p14INK4B/MTS2-related CDK6 inhibitor, correlates with wild-type pRb function". Genes Dev. 8 (24): 2939–52.  
  11. ^ Wang H, Iakova P, Wilde M, Welm A, Goode T, Roesler WJ, Timchenko NA (2001). "C/EBPalpha arrests cell proliferation through direct inhibition of Cdk2 and Cdk4". Mol. Cell 8 (4): 817–28.  
  12. ^ a b c Sugimoto M, Nakamura T, Ohtani N, Hampson L, Hampson IN, Shimamoto A, Furuichi Y, Okumura K, Niwa S, Taya Y, Hara E (1999). "Regulation of CDK4 activity by a novel CDK4-binding protein, p34(SEI-1)". Genes Dev. 13 (22): 3027–33.  
  13. ^ a b c Nasmyth K, Hunt T (1993). "Cell cycle. Dams and sluices". Nature 366 (6456): 634–5.  
  14. ^ Taulés M, Rius E, Talaya D, López-Girona A, Bachs O, Agell N (1998). "Calmodulin is essential for cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (Cdk4) activity and nuclear accumulation of cyclin D1-Cdk4 during G1". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (50): 33279–86.  
  15. ^ a b Coleman KG, Wautlet BS, Morrissey D, Mulheron J, Sedman SA, Brinkley P, Price S, Webster KR (1997). "Identification of CDK4 sequences involved in cyclin D1 and p16 binding". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (30): 18869–74.  
  16. ^ Arsenijevic T, Degraef C, Dumont JE, Roger PP, Pirson I (2004). "A novel partner for D-type cyclins: protein kinase A-anchoring protein AKAP95". Biochem. J. 378 (Pt 2): 673–9.  
  17. ^ Zhang Q, Wang X, Wolgemuth DJ (1999). "Developmentally regulated expression of cyclin D3 and its potential in vivo interacting proteins during murine gametogenesis". Endocrinology 140 (6): 2790–800.  
  18. ^ Zhang JM, Zhao X, Wei Q, Paterson BM (1999). "Direct inhibition of G(1) cdk kinase activity by MyoD promotes myoblast cell cycle withdrawal and terminal differentiation". EMBO J. 18 (24): 6983–93.  
  19. ^ Zhang JM, Wei Q, Zhao X, Paterson BM (1999). "Coupling of the cell cycle and myogenesis through the cyclin D1-dependent interaction of MyoD with cdk4". EMBO J. 18 (4): 926–33.  
  20. ^ Fåhraeus R, Paramio JM, Ball KL, Laín S, Lane DP (1996). "Inhibition of pRb phosphorylation and cell-cycle progression by a 20-residue peptide derived from p16CDKN2/INK4A". Curr. Biol. 6 (1): 84–91.  
  21. ^ a b Li J, Melvin WS, Tsai MD, Muscarella P (2004). "The nuclear protein p34SEI-1 regulates the kinase activity of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 in a concentration-dependent manner". Biochemistry 43 (14): 4394–9.  
  22. ^ Xiong Y, Zhang H, Beach D (1993). "Subunit rearrangement of the cyclin-dependent kinases is associated with cellular transformation". Genes Dev. 7 (8): 1572–83.  

Further reading

  • Hanks SK (1987). "Homology probing: identification of cDNA clones encoding members of the protein-serine kinase family". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84 (2): 388–92.  
  • Hall M, Bates S, Peters G (1995). "Evidence for different modes of action of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors: p15 and p16 bind to kinases, p21 and p27 bind to cyclins". Oncogene 11 (8): 1581–8.  
  • Tassan JP, Jaquenoud M, Léopold P, et al. (1995). "Identification of human cyclin-dependent kinase 8, a putative protein kinase partner for cyclin C". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92 (19): 8871–5.  
  • Mitchell EL, White GR, Santibanez-Koref MF, et al. (1995). "Mapping of gene loci in the Q13-Q15 region of chromosome 12". Chromosome Res. 3 (4): 261–2.  
  • Wölfel T, Hauer M, Schneider J, et al. (1995). "A p16INK4a-insensitive CDK4 mutant targeted by cytolytic T lymphocytes in a human melanoma". Science 269 (5228): 1281–4.  
  • Hirai H, Roussel MF, Kato JY, et al. (1995). "Novel INK4 proteins, p19 and p18, are specific inhibitors of the cyclin D-dependent kinases CDK4 and CDK6". Mol. Cell. Biol. 15 (5): 2672–81.  
  • Chan FK, Zhang J, Cheng L, et al. (1995). "Identification of human and mouse p19, a novel CDK4 and CDK6 inhibitor with homology to p16ink4". Mol. Cell. Biol. 15 (5): 2682–8.  
  • Guan KL, Jenkins CW, Li Y, et al. (1995). "Growth suppression by p18, a p16INK4/MTS1- and p14INK4B/MTS2-related CDK6 inhibitor, correlates with wild-type pRb function". Genes Dev. 8 (24): 2939–52.  
  • Kato JY, Matsuoka M, Strom DK, Sherr CJ (1994). "Regulation of cyclin D-dependent kinase 4 (cdk4) by cdk4-activating kinase". Mol. Cell. Biol. 14 (4): 2713–21.  
  • Khatib ZA, Matsushime H, Valentine M, et al. (1993). "Coamplification of the CDK4 gene with MDM2 and GLI in human sarcomas". Cancer Res. 53 (22): 5535–41.  
  • Serrano M, Hannon GJ, Beach D (1994). "A new regulatory motif in cell-cycle control causing specific inhibition of cyclin D/CDK4". Nature 366 (6456): 704–7.  
  • Demetrick DJ, Zhang H, Beach DH (1994). "Chromosomal mapping of human CDK2, CDK4, and CDK5 cell cycle kinase genes". Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 66 (1): 72–4.  
  • Kato J, Matsushime H, Hiebert SW, et al. (1993). "Direct binding of cyclin D to the retinoblastoma gene product (pRb) and pRb phosphorylation by the cyclin D-dependent kinase CDK4". Genes Dev. 7 (3): 331–42.  
  • Zuo L, Weger J, Yang Q, et al. (1996). "Germline mutations in the p16INK4a binding domain of CDK4 in familial melanoma". Nat. Genet. 12 (1): 97–9.  
  • Andersson B, Wentland MA, Ricafrente JY, et al. (1996). "A "double adaptor" method for improved shotgun library construction". Anal. Biochem. 236 (1): 107–13.  
  • Knudsen ES, Wang JY (1996). "Differential regulation of retinoblastoma protein function by specific Cdk phosphorylation sites". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (14): 8313–20.  
  • Poon RY, Jiang W, Toyoshima H, Hunter T (1996). "Cyclin-dependent kinases are inactivated by a combination of p21 and Thr-14/Tyr-15 phosphorylation after UV-induced DNA damage". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (22): 13283–91.  
  • Stepanova L, Leng X, Parker SB, Harper JW (1996). "Mammalian p50Cdc37 is a protein kinase-targeting subunit of Hsp90 that binds and stabilizes Cdk4". Genes Dev. 10 (12): 1491–502.  
  • Dai K, Kobayashi R, Beach D (1996). "Physical interaction of mammalian CDC37 with CDK4". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (36): 22030–4.  
  • Fåhraeus R, Paramio JM, Ball KL, et al. (1996). "Inhibition of pRb phosphorylation and cell-cycle progression by a 20-residue peptide derived from p16CDKN2/INK4A". Curr. Biol. 6 (1): 84–91.  

External links

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