World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Demographics of Alaska

Article Id: WHEBN0011015706
Reproduction Date:

Title: Demographics of Alaska  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Economy of Alaska, Alaska, Index of Alaska-related articles, Alaska statistical areas, Demographics of Alaska
Collection: Demographics of Alaska, Economy of Alaska
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Demographics of Alaska

Alaska Population Density Map

As of 2005, Alaska has an estimated population of 663,661, which is an increase of 5,906, or 0.9%, from the prior year and an increase of 36,730, or 5.9%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 36,590 people (53,132 births minus 16,542 deaths), and an increase due to net migration of 1,181 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 5,800 people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 4,619 people. More than half of the state's population lives in Anchorage, Juneau and Fairbanks, with two-fifths in Anchorage alone. As of 1 January 2012 Alaska had a population of 731,449

With a population of 710,231, according to the 2010 U.S. census,[2] Alaska is the 47th most populous and least densely populated state.

For purposes of the federal census, the state is divided into artificial divisions defined geographically by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only.

The center of population of Alaska is located approximately 64.37 kilometers (40.00 mi) east of Anchorage at 61.288254 N. latitude, -148.716968 W. longitude.[3]


  • Race and ancestry 1
  • Languages 2
  • Religion 3
  • Other statistics 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Race and ancestry

According to the 2010 United States census, the racial composition of Alaska was the following:[4]

Ethnically, the population was 5.5% of Hispanic or Latino (of any race) origin and 94.5% of Non-Hispanic and Latino (of any race) origin.

The largest ancestry groups (which the Census defines as not including racial terms) in the state are:[5]

  • 18.3% German
  • 11.0% Irish
  • 8.5% English
  • 6.5% French
  • 3.8% Norwegian
  • 3.7% Native American
  • 3.3% Italian
  • 3.0% Mexican
  • 2.9% Scottish
  • 2.7% Polish
  • 2.5% Swedish
  • 1.9% Dutch
  • 1.4% Russian

The vast and sparsely populated regions of northern and western Alaska are primarily inhabited by Alaska Natives, who are also numerous in the southeast. Anchorage, Fairbanks, and other parts of south-central and southeast Alaska have many White Americans of northern and western European ancestry. The Wrangell-Petersburg area has many residents of Scandinavian ancestry and the Aleutian Islands contain a large Filipino population. The vast majority of the state's African American population lives in Anchorage and Fairbanks. Also, Alaska has the largest percentage of American Indians of any state. Some of the Alaska Natives absorbed the small 1700s Russian-era settlement.

Demographics of Alaska (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 75.43% 4.46% 19.06% 5.24% 0.88%
2000 (Hispanic only) 3.42% 0.33% 0.45% 0.16% 0.06%
2005 (total population) 74.71% 4.72% 18.77% 5.90% 0.88%
2005 (Hispanic only) 4.32% 0.38% 0.48% 0.19% 0.05%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 4.85% 12.03% 4.27% 19.23% 5.35%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 3.49% 11.30% 4.02% 18.96% 5.86%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 33.56% 21.02% 14.52% 27.89% -1.95%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander


According to the 2005-2007 American Community Survey, 84.7% of people over the age of five speak only English at home. About 3.5% speak the Spanish language at home. About 2.2% speak an Indo-European language other than Spanish at home and about 4.3% speak an Asian language at home. And about 5.3% speak other languages at home.

A total of 5.2% of Alaskans speak one of the state's 22 indigenous languages, known locally as "native languages". These languages belong to two major language families: Eskimo–Aleut and Na-Dené. As the homeland of these two major language families of North America, Alaska has been described as the crossroads of the continent, providing evidence for the recent settlement of North America via the Bering land bridge.



Russian Orthodox church in Sitka, Alaska.

Other religions

  • Jewish - 0.9% :[7]
  • Buddhist-<0.5%
  • Islam -0.5%
  • Hindu - <0.5%
  • Other World Religions - <0.5%
  • Other Faiths - 2.0%
  • Unaffiliated - 27.0%
  • Refused to answer - 1.0%
  • Source:[8]

Alaska's relatively large Eastern Orthodox Christian population is notable. The large Eastern Orthodox (with 49 parishes and up to 50,000 followers) population is a result of early Russian colonization and missionary work among Alaska Natives. In 1795, the First Russian Orthodox Church was established in Kodiak. Intermarriage with Alaskan Natives helped the Russian immigrants integrate into society. As a result, an increasing number of Russian Orthodox churches gradually became established within Alaska. Alaska also has the largest Quaker population (by percentage) of any state. Also, as of 1994, there were 3,060 Jews in Alaska.[9] Jehovah's Witnesses stands at a little less than 2,400. Estimates for the number of Alaskan Muslims range from 1,000 to 5,000.[10]

Other statistics

In 2006, Alaska had a larger percentage of tobacco smokers than the national average, with 24% of Alaskan adults smoking.[11]


  1. ^ Resident Population Data - 2010 Census
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. (2001-04-02). "Census 2000 PHC-T-2. Ranking Tables for States: 1990 and 2000. Table 1. States Ranked by Population: 2000." U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  3. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. (ca. 2002). "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000." Centers of Population for Census 2000. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Coast Tsimshian is not technically indigenous to Alaska, the Coast Tsimshian people having moved north from British Columbia in the historic period. Nevertheless it is usually grouped with the other Native languages.
  7. ^
  8. ^ Pew Forum: Survey Finds Alaskans Less Religious Than Other Americans
  9. ^ j. - Alaskan Jews trying to connect, says study
  10. ^ Alaskan Muslims Avoid Conflict
  11. ^ CDC's STATE System - State Comparison Report Cigarette Use (Adults) – BRFSS for 2006, lists Alaska as having 24.2% smokers. The national average is 20.8% according to Cigarette Smoking Among Adults --- United States, 2006 article in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.