World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000649545
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dhankuta  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kosi Zone, Limbuwan, Dharan, Nepal, Administrative divisions of Nepal, Nepal National League
Collection: Populated Places in Dhankuta District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A view of Dhankuta hill town
A view of Dhankuta hill town
Nickname(s): Eastern Hillstation
Motto: Hamro Dhankuta, Ramro Dhankuta
Dhankuta is located in Nepal
Location in Nepal
Country    Nepal
Zone Koshi Zone
District Dhankuta District
 • Type Dhankuta Metropolitan City
Population (2011 [1])
 • Total 26,440
 • Ethnicities Brahmin, Chhetri, Limbu, Rai, Gurung
 • Religions Hinduism, Buddhist and Kirat
Time zone Nepal Time (UTC+5:45)
Postal Code 56800
Area code(s) 026

Dhankuta (Nepali: धनकुटा    )[2] is a hill town and the headquarter of Koshi Zone located in Dhankuta District of Eastern Nepal. According to 2011 Nepal census, it has population of 26,440 inhabitants.


  • History 1
  • Present Status 2
  • Vegetation 3
  • Health Centres 4
  • Media 5
  • References 6


Dhankuta Bazaar from South
Looking north to Dhankuta Bazaar from Chuliban

Until about 1963 Dhankuta Bazaar (the town) was the administrative headquarters for the whole of north-eastern Nepal. Located a half mile above the town were the buildings of the Bada Hakim, the feudal district governor of the whole north-eastern region, a man with enormous power. The town also had the regional jail and army post. Because of Dhankuta's isolation from the lowland Terai and from Kathmandu, it was in many ways a self-governing area.[3]

Income to purchase items (cloth, kerosene, batteries, medicines, etc.) that could not be produced locally came from a combination of sales of hill produce (tangerines, potatoes, etc.) and funds repatriated back into the hills by Gorkha soldiers serving first in the British and then more-often in the Indian armies.[3]

The first five (3 male; 2 female) American Peace Corps Volunteers arrived in Dhankuta Bazaar in Fall, 1962 to work as teachers in the two high schools. In October, 1963 three male PCV's arrived to help establish the new Panchayat Development program.[3]

From 1963 Nepal was divided into 75 Panchayat Districts, and the traditional Dhankuta administrative region was divided up into about six of the panchayat districts. The power of the Bada Hakim was transferred to the central government's appointed Panchayat Development Officer and each district's elected Panchayat President.[3]

During the pre-panchayat period Dhankuta Bazaar prided itself as being in the cultural vanguard, a relatively progressive community with its own "intellectual" elite. Dhankuta Bazaar, already in the 1930s, had the only high school in Nepal to be located outside of the Kathmandu Valley. Early on it added a girl's high school and a two-year college.[4]

Then and now there is a sharp contrast between Dhankuta Bazaar and the surrounding rural villages. The town is a commercial center and has a population that is primarily Newar. The surrounding area is agricultural and the population is made up of many caste/tribal groups, notably Magar, Rai (Aathpaharias), Limbu, Tamang and Tibetan.

Present Status

Pakhribas Bazaar

Dhankuta Bazaar, on the North-South Koshi Highway, is now the administrative headquarters for the Eastern Development Region, and is home to a number of offices for NGOs and aid agencies serving in the area. The large bazaar of Hile further up the road, is an important trading centre and major road head, serving the remote hinterlands of the Arun valley and Bhojpur. Villagers walk for many days from surrounding districts to trade in Hile and Dhankuta bazaars, although road building in the district may reduce the importance of these centres.


The vegetation zones in the district range from sub-tropical Sal forest along the Tamur and Arun rivers, and cooler temperate forests on some of the high ridges that mark the watershed between the two catchments. The altitude ranges from around 300m to 2500m. The majority of the population are involved in agriculture and crops include maize, rice and millet. Important cash crops include citrus fruits, cauliflower, cabbage, ginger, and in recent years, tea. A well-preserved forest (Rani Bhan - Queen's Forest) spreads along a ridge line on the northwest side of the village, with well-developed mature stands of rhododendron and pine trees.

Health Centres

Dhankuta Hospital.
Dhankuta District Hospital.

Dhankuta District Hospital is located off the main street at the south end of the town. The hospital has facilities like inpatient service, Ultrasonography and x-ray. Besides the government posted doctors, medical and dental intern doctors from BPKIHS are also posted there.


Radio Nepal has a regional station in Dhankuta which transmits various programs of mass interest. Likewise Radio Lali Guransa - 105.2 MHz, Radio Makalu Dhankuta - 92.2 MHZ and Radio Dhankuta 106.2 MHZ are Community radio Station which are also transmits local programme.


  1. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF).  
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d Personal experience of Professor Dick Mayer, Nepal 2 Peace Corps Volunteer, 1963-65
  4. ^ Professor Dick Mayer, Nepal 2 Peace Corps Volunteer, 1963-65

Google Map Link

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.