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Europe of Democracies and Diversities

Europe of Democracies and Diversities
European Parliament group
EDD logo
Name Europe of Democracies and Diversities
English abbr. EDD
French abbr. EDD
Formal name Europe of Democracies and Diversities Group
Ideology Euroscepticism
From 20 July 1999
To 20 July 2004
Preceded by Group of Independents for a Europe of Nations
Succeeded by Independence/Democracy
Chaired by Jens-Peter Bonde
MEP(s) 16 (20 July 1999)

Europe of Democracies and Diversities (EDD) was a Eurosceptic[1][2] political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1999 and 2004. Following the 2004 European elections, the group reformed as Independence/Democracy (IND/DEM).[1]


  1. June Movement (Denmark), 3 seats
  2. People's Movement against the EU (Denmark), 1 seat
  3. Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition (France), 6 seats
  4. ChristianUnion – Reformed Political Party (Netherlands), 3 seats
  5. UK Independence Party (United Kingdom), 3 seats
  6. Combats Souverainistes (France), 1 MEP defected from Rally for France/UEN group in March 2001
  7. League of Polish Families (Poland), after Poland joined the EU in May 2004


  1. ^ a b David Phinnemore; Lee McGowan (26 June 2013). A Dictionary of the European Union. Routledge. p. 276.  
  2. ^ Alexander H. Trechsel (13 September 2013). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. p. 72.  

External links

  • European Parliament Annual Accounts of Political Groups
  • Europe Politique
  • European Parliament profile of Jens-Peter Bonde
  • Entry on Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung
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