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Fair Packaging and Labeling Act

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Title: Fair Packaging and Labeling Act  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Metrication in the United States, FPLA, 1966 in law, Metrication opposition, European units of measurement directives
Collection: 1966 in Law, Metrication in the United States, Packaging, United States Federal Commerce Legislation
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Fair Packaging and Labeling Act

Fair Packaging and Labeling Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long title To regulate interstate and foreign commerce by preventing the use of unfair or deceptive methods of packaging or labeling of certain consumer commodities distributed in such commerce, and for other purposes.
Acronyms (colloquial) FPLA
Enacted by the 89th United States Congress
Effective November 3, 1966
Public law 89-755
Statutes at Large 80 Stat. 1296
Acts amended Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act
Titles amended
U.S.C. sections created 15 U.S.C. ch. 39 § 1451 et seq.
U.S.C. sections amended 21 U.S.C. ch. 9 §§ 301, 321, 331-337
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as S. 985 by Philip Hart (DMI) on June 9, 1966
  • Committee consideration by Committee on Energy and Commerce
  • Passed the Senate on June 9, 1966 (72-9)
  • Passed the House on October 3, 1966 (300-8) with amendment
  • House agreed to House amendment on October 17, 1966 (242-6)
  • Signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on November 3, 1966

The Fair Packaging and Labeling Act is a U.S. law that applies to labels on many consumer products. It requires the label to state:

  • The identity of the product;
  • The name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor; and
  • The net quantity of contents.

The contents statement must include both metric and U.S. customary units.

Passed under Lyndon B. Johnson in 1966, the law first took effect on July 1, 1967. The metric labeling requirement was added in 1992 and took effect on February 14, 1994. The law is codified as 15 U.S.C. §§ 1451–1461.

There has been an effort by industry threatened by a European Union directive that would force metric-only labeling starting January 1, 2010,[1] to amend the FPLA to allow manufacturers to use metric-only labeling.[2] An amendment to delay indefinitely metric-only labeling was adopted by the European Commission September 10, 2007, approved by the European Parliament November 29, 2007, and by the European Economic and Social Committee December 12, 2007.[3] The E.U. will review this policy again in 2018 and may then maintain the status quo or set a deadline for mandatory metric only.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Council Directive of 20 December 1979 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to units of measurement and on the repeal of Directive 71/354/EEC" (PDF). CONSLEG: 1980L0181 — 09/02/2000. Retrieved 2007-03-03. 
  2. ^ "Forum on Permissible Metric-Only Labeling". Archived from the original on February 6, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-03. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Gentry, Elizabeth J. "Voluntary Metric Labeling" (PDF). National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 2011-10-01. 

External links

  • FPLA in full
  • Federal Trade Commission page
  • Proposal to Amend the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA) for Permissible Metric-Only Labeling accessed December 17, 2008
  • Standards Setting in the European Union NIST SP891 (1997 edition)
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