World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fairey Gordon

Article Id: WHEBN0003692581
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fairey Gordon  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Fairey Seal, No. 223 Squadron RAF, No. 6 Squadron RAF, List of aircraft of the United Kingdom in World War II, Fairey Aviation Company
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Fairey Gordon

Gordon
Role Light bomber and general aircraft
Manufacturer Fairey Aviation
First flight 3 March 1931
Primary users Royal Air Force
Fleet Air Arm (Royal Navy)
Number built 186
Developed from Fairey III

The Fairey Gordon was a British light bomber (2-seat day bomber) and utility aircraft.

The Gordon was a conventional two-bay fabric-covered metal biplane. It was powered by 525–605 horsepower (391–451 kW) variants of the Armstrong Siddeley Panther IIa engine. Armament was one fixed, forward-firing .303-inch (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun and a .303-inch (7.7 mm) Lewis Gun in the rear cockpit, plus 500 pounds (230 kg) of bombs. The aircraft was somewhat basic; instruments were airspeed indicator, altimeter, oil pressure gauge, tachometer, turn and bank indicator and compass.

Contents

  • Development 1
  • Service 2
  • Survivors 3
  • Variants 4
  • Operators 5
  • Specifications (Mark I) 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Development

The Gordon was developed from the IIIF, primarily by use of the new Armstrong Siddeley Panther engine. The prototype was first flown on 3 March 1931, and around 80 earlier IIIFs were converted to a similar standard, 178 new-built aircraft were made for the RAF, a handful of IIIFs being converted on the production line. 154 Mark Is were produced, before production switched to the Mark II with larger fin and rudder; only 24 of these were completed before production switched to the Swordfish. The naval version of the Gordon, used by the Royal Navy, was known as the Seal.

Service

The type had mostly been retired from Royal Air Force and Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm service prior to the Second World War, although No. 6 Squadron RAF, No. 45 Squadron RAF, and No. 47 Squadron RAF, still operated the type in Egypt. Six of these aircraft were transferred to the Egyptian Air Force.

49 Gordons were dispatched to the Royal New Zealand Air Force in April 1939, 41 entering brief service as pilot trainers. The RNZAF found the aircraft worn out and showing signs of their service in the Middle East – including at least one scorpion. The last of these – and the last intact Gordon anywhere – was struck from RNZAF service in 1943.

Seven Gordons were adapted to target towing and stationed at No 4 Flying Training School at RAF Habbaniya in Iraq.[1] At the end of April 1941 these aircraft were hastily converted back into bombers, and in early May they took part in the defence of Habbaniya against Iraqi forces threatening and then attacking the School.[2]

Survivors

The only known survivor is RNZAF Gordon Mark I NZ629, which is under restoration in New Zealand. On 12 April 1940 two trainee pilots Walter Raphael (pilot) and Wilfred Everist (passenger) of 1 Service Flying Training School were flying NZ629 from Wigram on a flight over the Southern Alps on a "war-load climb to 15,000 feet" training mission. The aircraft entered a spin above the Southern Alps and the crew prepared to bail out, but the aircraft recovered. Moments later it hit trees on top of a ridge on Mount White and flipped backwards down the side of the steep slope, leaving the aircraft hanging in the trees and both Raphael and Everist unconscious. When Raphael regained consciousness he feared the plane would soon catch fire, so he pulled Everist, who was still unconscious, out of the wreckage. Raphael walked to a shearers' hut, carrying Everist who was badly injured.

The airframe, minus instruments, guns and engine, was left suspended in trees at the crash site, which is part of a large sheep station. In 1976 it was relocated - still largely suspended from trees - by Charles Darby, with assistance from Walter Raphael. (Everist had been killed in action over France.) NZ629 was recovered by Aerospatiale Lama. It was stored for more than 20 years before restoration began. As of 2005 the restorers were looking for an engine. As of 2014 they are struggling to raise the funds to get the plane restored.[3]

Variants

  • Fairey IIIF Mk V : Prototype.
  • Fairey Gordon Mk I : Two-seat day bomber and general purpose aircraft.
  • Fairey Gordon Mk II : Two-seat training version.

Operators

 Brazil
Brazil bought 20 Gordons, comprising 15 land planes and five float planes[4]
 China
 Egypt
 New Zealand
 United Kingdom

Specifications (Mark I)

Data from Fairey Aircraft since 1915.[6]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament
  • Guns: 1 × fixed, forward-firing .303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun and 1 × flexible .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis Gun in the rear cockpit
  • Bombs: 500 lb (227 kg) of bombs carried under wings

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References

  1. ^ Dudgeon, Anthony (1991). The War That Never Was. Shrewbury: Airlife Publishing.  
  2. ^ Dudgeon, Anthony (2000). Hidden Victory: The Battle of Habbaniya, May 1941. Stroud and Charleston:  
  3. ^ "Fairey Gordon Mk I NZ629" (PDF). ADF Serials Newsletter. April 2004. p. 9. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2006-11-04. 
  4. ^ Taylor 1988, p. 220
  5. ^ Mason 1994, p. 224
  6. ^ Taylor 1988, p. 221
  • Mason, Francis K. (1994). The British Bomber since 1914. London: Putnam.  
  • Taylor, H.A. (1988). Fairey Aircraft since 1915. London: Putnam.  
  • Thetford, Owen (1978). British Naval Aircraft Since 1912. London: Putnam and Company.  

External links

  • Fairey Gordon
  • Fairey Gordon at British Aircraft Directory
  • British Aircraft of WWII
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.