World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fatehpuri Masjid

Article Id: WHEBN0020826208
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fatehpuri Masjid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of mosques in India, Mubarak Mosque, Qadian, Sunehri Masjid (Chandni Chowk), Juma Masjid, Pullancheri, Sunehri Masjid (Red Fort)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Fatehpuri Masjid

Fatehpuri Masjid in Old Delhi
Historic map of Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi), in 1863. Musjid Futtepoori is just south of the Lahauri Gate in the North

Fatehpuri Masjid is a 17th-century mosque located at the western end of the oldest street of Delhi, Chandni Chowk. It is opposite the Red Fort on the opposite end of Chandni Chowk.

History

Fatehpuri Masjid was built in 1650 by Fatehpuri Begum, one of emperor Shah Jahan's wives who was from Fatehpur Sikri,[1] and the mosque at Taj Mahal is also named after her.[2]

The British had auctioned the mosque after the 1857 war to Rai Lala Chunnamal for Rs. 19,000[3](whose descendants still live in the Chunnamal haveli in Chandni Chowk[4]), who preserved the mosque. Later in 1877 it was acquired by the government in exchange for four villages and was restored to the Muslims at the Delhi Durbar when the British allowed the Muslims back in Old Delhi. A similar mosque, called Akbarabadi Masjid built by the Akbarabadi Begum was destroyed by the British.[5]

The Khari Baoli, which is today Asia's largest spice market, gradually developed after the construction of the mosque.

Muslim festivals Id-ul-Fitr and Id-ul-Zuha are celebrated with great enthusiasm at the mosque.

Mufti Mukarram Ahmad is the chief mufti and imam of the mosque and has been Imam there for almost 42 years and before him his father Maulana Mufti Mohammad Ahmad (d. 21 October 1971/1391 AH) was imam and mufti of the mosque.

Architecture

The mosque is built using red sandstone and has a fluted dome with mahapadma and kalash on the top. Flanked by minarets, the mosque has a traditional design with the prayer hall having seven-arched openings. The mosque has single and double-storeyed apartments on the sides.

The central iwan in the middle is flanked by three arches on each side.

See also

References

  1. ^ History of Mughal Architecture, By R. Nath, Published by Abhinav Publications, 2006
  2. ^ The History of the Taj and the Buildings in Its Vicinity: With 3 Illustrations from Photographs and 2 Plans, By Muḣammad Muʻīn al-Dīn, Akbarābādī Muḣammad Muʻīn al-Dīn Published by Moon press, 1905
  3. ^ Fatehpuri Shahi Masjid: A mute witness to the travails of Dillee milligazette. May 1, 2000.
  4. ^ Beyond the WALL The Hindu, September 25, 2003.
  5. ^ In memory of a pious Begum The Hindu, October 3, 2005.

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Fatehpuri Masjid travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Flickr: Photos tagged with "jamamasjid"
  • Satellite picture by Google Maps
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.