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Filadelfia, Paraguay

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Filadelfia, Paraguay

This article is about the town in Paraguay. For other towns with the same name, see Filadelfia (disambiguation).
Filadelfia
Filadelfia
Filadelfia

Coordinates: 22°20′24″S 60°1′48″W / 22.34000°S 60.03000°W / -22.34000; -60.03000Coordinates: 22°20′24″S 60°1′48″W / 22.34000°S 60.03000°W / -22.34000; -60.03000

Country Paraguay
Department Boquerón
Government
 • Intendant Berthold Durksen Lowen
Population (2008)
 • Total 9,713
Area code(s) (595)(491)

Filadelfia is the capital of Boquerón Department in the Gran Chaco of western Paraguay. It is the centre of the Fernheim Colony. It is about a 5 hour drive from the capital of Asunción.

History

Filadelfia was founded in 1930 by Russian Mennonites who fled from the Soviet Union. Filadelfia lay near the front of the Chaco War, but was little affected. It became divided in the Second World War, with some of the originally German colonists supporting the Nazis and later being expelled.

Infrastructure

Today the town is home to a museum, a library, a radio station and a hospital. The colony's villages lie around Filadelfia, as do several native reserves, home to much of the area's native population, from the Chulupí, Lengua, Toba-Pilaga, Sanapaná and Ayoreo groups. A modern supermarket is located in the centre of the town, which is the last place to get groceries before heading farther out into the Chaco. Most of the town's potable water supply is drawn from underground cisterns, being replenished by intermittent rainfall; the underground water is too salty to drink. A small commemorative park known as Parque Trebol lies about 5 km (3 mi) to the east of town. It now serves as a place for visitors to camp for the night.

Transportation

The newly asphalted highway from Asunción continues past Filadelfia for another 70 km (40 mi) and runs out at the military checkpoint Mariscal Estigarribia. From this point onwards, the road to the border town fort General Eugenio A. Garay with Bolivia is almost impassable.

Notable residents

References

  • World Gazeteer: Paraguay

External links

  • Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online
  • The 'Green Hell' Becomes Home: Mennonites in Paraguay as Described in the Writings of Peter P. Klassen A review essay by Gerhard Reimer, Mennonite Quarterly Review 76, no. 4 (October 2002): 460-480.
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