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Flag of Cape Verde

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Title: Flag of Cape Verde  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flags of Africa, National symbols of Cape Verde, Outline of Cape Verde, History of Cape Verde, Culture of Cape Verde
Collection: 1992 Introductions, Flags of Africa, National Flags, National Symbols of Cape Verde
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Flag of Cape Verde

Flag of Cape Verde
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 2:3 (de facto)
Adopted 22 September 1992

The national flag of Cape Verde was adopted on September 22, 1992, replacing the flag adopted during Cape Verdean independence, fought for with Guinea-Bissau, another former Portuguese colony on mainland West Africa.


  • Description 1
    • Proportions 1.1
    • Colour shades 1.2
  • History 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


The 10 stars on the flag represent the main islands of the nation (a chain of islands off the coast of West Africa). The blue represents the ocean and the sky. The band of white and red represents the road toward the construction of the nation, and the colours stand for peace (white) and effort (red). The yellow colour, circular formation of the stars, and dark blue field show similarity to the flag of Europe with 12 stars instead of 10, originally designed for the Council of Europe, but also used by the European Union. The stripes are in 6:1:1:1:3 ratio, and the circle of stars is centred 3/8 along the fly.


Variant with 10:17 ratio

The Constitution of the Republic[1] does not specify what the official proportions for the height and the width of the flag are. The dimensions of the parts that make up the flag are given proportionally to the dimensions of the sides, without specifying those dimensions. However, the proportion most widely used is 2:3,[2] which is the same proportion that was used in the flag prior to 1992. Consequently, the proportion of 2:3 is the de facto (but not de jure) proportion.

Colour shades

The Boletim Oficial gives the official shades of the flag's colours (as well as the colours of the Arms of the Republic):[3]

Color Pantone Web colors RGB CMYK HSV
Blue 287C #003893 0, 56, 147 100%, 89%, 8%, 2% 218.69°, 100%, 55.47%
White - #ffffff 255, 255, 255 0%, 0%, 0%, 0% 0, 0, 100%
Red 186C #cf2027 207, 32, 39 12%, 100%, 100%, 3% 347.31°, 98.49%, 80.31%
Yellow 116C #f7d116 247, 209, 22 4%, 15%, 98%, 0% 47.74°, 100%, 100%

The Pantone, CMYK and RGB are official as published in the bulletin. The other colour shades (Web and HSV) are interpretations of the Pantone standards.


Before independence from Portugal, Cape Verde did not have an official flag, and the Portuguese national flag was used. In the late 1960s, a flag for the Portuguese overseas province of Cape Verde was proposed, consisting of the flag of Portugal defaced with the shield from the provincial arms in the lower fly. However, this flag was never adopted.

The original national flag of Cape Verde was introduced on independence in 1975, and was based on the flag of the Partido Africano para a Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC). It used the common African colours of red, green and yellow, and was identical to the flag of Guinea-Bissau except for the charge in the hoist-side stripe. Their similarity evoked the plans to unite both countries, which, however, were abandoned shortly after independence. Guinea-Bissau gained independence on 10 September 1974.


  1. ^ Article 8 of the Constitution of the Republic (in Portuguese)
  2. ^ Cape Verde flag in Flags of the World
  3. ^

External links

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