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Flag of Kenya

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Title: Flag of Kenya  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flags of Africa, Flag of South Sudan, Outline of Kenya, Kenya, Public holidays in Kenya
Collection: 1963 Introductions, Flags of Africa, National Flags, National Symbols of Kenya
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Flag of Kenya

Use National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted December 12, 1963
Design A horizontal tricolour of black, white-edged red, and green with two crossed white spears behind a red, white, and black Maasai shield.

The flag of Kenya (Swahili: Bendera ya Kenya) was officially adopted on December 12, 1963.


  • Symbolism 1
  • Design 2
  • Variants 3
    • Current flags 3.1
    • The Executive 3.2
    • The Defence Forces 3.3
    • County flags 3.4
  • History 4
  • Similar national flags 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


The Kenyan flag is based on that of Kenya African National Union and was adopted in December 12, 1963 as the country's flag. The color black represents the people of the Republic of Kenya, red for the blood shed during the fight for independence, green for the country's landscape and natural wealth. The white fimbriation was added later to symbolize peace and honesty. The black, red, and white traditional Maasai shield and two spears symbolize the defense of all the things mentioned above.


Construction sheet

The colours of the flag have been specified by the Kenya National Archives.

Black Red Green
British Standard Colours Post office red 0-006 0-010


Current flags

The Executive

The Defence Forces

County flags


The Kenyan flag is based on the black over red over green flag of Kenya African National Union (KANU), the political party that led the fight for freedom and independence of Kenya. Upon independence, the white fimbriation, symbolizing peace and unity, and the shield were added. The meaning of the colours of the flag of Kenya match closely to those of the Pan-African flag adopted by the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League in 1920.[1]

Similar national flags

See also


  1. ^,red,%20green.html
Source: Kenyan Flag at Get Kenya Online. Accessed 6 August 2006.
Source: Flag Specifications at Kenya National Archives. Accessed 16 Feb 2006.

External links

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