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Flag of North Korea

 

Flag of North Korea

Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Name 람홍색공화국기(발)

Hancha: 藍紅色共和國旗(발)
MR: ramhongsaek konghwagukki([t?]pal)
RR: ramhongsaek gonghwagukgi([t?]bal)


홍람오각별기
Hancha: 紅藍五角별旗
MR: hongramogakpyŏlgi
RR: hongramogakbyeolgi


인공기
Hancha: 人共旗
MR: in'gonggi
RR: in-gonggi

Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 1:2.[1]
Adopted 8 September 1948
Design A wide red stripe at the center, bordered by a narrow white stripe both above and below, followed by a blue stripe. The central red stripe carries a five-pointed red star within a white circle near the hoist.[1]
Specifications

The flag of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the ensign and national flag of North Korea. It was adopted on 8 September 1948[2] and is defined in Article 170 of Chapter VII of the North Korean constitution.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Symbolism 2
  • Gallery 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The North Korean flag displayed vertically. This is the proper vertical display.

The flag was adopted when the northern portion of Korea became a socialist republic supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union following the restoration of independence of Korea and the surrender of the Empire of Japan. The flag itself was designed in the Soviet Union and formally replaced the previous one in July 1948.[3]

A 270-kg (600 lb) North Korean national flag flies from the world's third tallest flagpole, which is located at Kijŏng-dong, on the North Korean side of the Military Demarcation Line within the Korean Demilitarized Zone. The flag-pole is 160 meters (520 feet) tall.

There are several other known flags in use. There are flags for the Korean People's Army, and its two subdivisions the Korean People's Air Force and Korean People's Navy, which follow a common design but with different colors (blue and white for the Navy and dark blue and light blue for the Air Force). There is also a flag of the ruling Worker's Party of Korea, modeled after similar communist party flags, and a flag for the Supreme Commander of the KPA used by Kim Jong-un, which has the Supreme Commander's Arms on a red field. KPA Guards units use the same common design but with the national arms at the center of the obverse.

Symbolism

The North Korean flag's prominent red star is a universal symbol of communism,[4] although since the flag's adoption, the application of the Marxist-Leninist-natured philosophy of Juche has replaced communist authority as the state's guiding ideology, and references to Communism have been systematically removed from the country's constitution and legal documents.[5] The red stripe expresses revolutionary traditions. The two blue stripes stand for sovereignty, peace and friendship. The white stripes symbolize purity.

The website of the Korean Friendship Association indicates, on the contrary, the red star represents revolutionary traditions, the red panel is indicative of the patriotism and determination of the Korean people. The white stripes symbolizes the unified nation and its culture. The blue stripes represent unity.[4][6]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Democratic People's Republic of Korea (April 2009). "Article 170". Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Retrieved 19 May 2010. The national flag of the DPRK consists of a wide red stripe at the center, bordered by a narrow white stripe both above and below, followed by a blue stripe. The central red stripe carries a five-pointed red star within a white circle near the hoist. The ratio of the width to its length is 1:2. 
  2. ^ All States Flags - North Korea
  3. ^ http://www.dailynk.com/english/read.php?num=11993&cataId=nk03600
  4. ^ a b "North Korean Flag". Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  5. ^ http://leonidpetrov.wordpress.com/2009/10/12/dprk-has-quietly-amended-its-constitution/
  6. ^ "Flag and emblem". Retrieved 31 March 2013. 

External links

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