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Folland Aircraft

 

Folland Aircraft

Folland Aircraft
Industry Aircraft manufacture
Fate acquired by Hawker Siddeley 1959
Founded 1936 as British Marine Aircraft Limited
Defunct 1963
Key people
Henry Folland, W.E.W. Petter

Folland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturing company which was active between 1937 and 1963.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Aircraft 2
  • Missiles 3
  • Sport 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

A privately owned Folland Gnat previously used by the RAF Red Arrows display team. It has been painted as an aircraft of the earlier Yellowjacks display team, a forerunner of the Red Arrows.

British Marine Aircraft Limited was formed in February 1936 to produce Henry P. Folland the company's managing director and aircraft designer.[1]

Folland began aircraft assembly at Hamble making parts for Bristol Blenheim and Beaufort bombers. Follands also made 15,000 rear portions out of the 22,000 constructed for the Supermarine Spitfire. Folland later took on sub-contract work making parts for de Havilland Mosquitos and Vickers Wellingtons.[2]

The first aircraft of its own design to fly was the Folland Fo.108 in 1940. Designed and built to meet the Air Ministry Specification 43/47 for a flying engine testbed it was generally known as the 43/47 or by the nickname "Folland Frightful" from its unusual appearance.

The Folland F.115 and F.116 designs were tendered to meet Specification E.28/40 for a research aircraft to investigate the issues of landing weight for aircraft operating from carriers. The F.116 design was powered by a Centaurus radial and used a variable incidence wing on an airframe estimated at around 18,250 lb (8,300 kg). Two prototypes were ordered but the project was cancelled in 1943 as most of the problems had already been overcome, and neither prototype was completed.[3]

W. E. W. Petter, who had designed the Westland Lysander, English Electric Canberra and English Electric Lightning, joined the company as managing director in 1950.[4] He designed the Folland Midge prototype lightweight jet fighter which first flew 11 August 1954.[4] This was followed by the Folland Gnat advanced training jet (18 July 1955).[4] Both were built at Hamble until the 1960s. Follands also used an airfield at Chilbolton formerly RAF Chilbolton where they Flight Tested the Folland Midge and Folland Gnat.

In 1959 Folland was acquired by Hawker Siddeley who dropped the Folland name in 1963. Ultimately, Folland became part of British Aerospace (BAe). Although Hamble airfield closed in 1986, BAe continued to use the premises there for the production of major assemblies for Harrier and Hawk jets.[2]

Aircraft

Missiles

Sport

The factory also had its own football team created by the workers in 1938, the team is still playing under the name of GE Hamble F.C., the name of the new parent company that now own the factory.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Aviation in Hampshire UK 1900 to 2000Fagan, Dave. 'Hamble' Retrieved 20 May 2005
  2. ^ a b Aviation at HambleHaselden, Derek. (8 January 2005) Retrieved 20 May 2005
  3. ^ Buttler British Secret Projects: Fighters and Bombers 1935-1950. Appendix 2
  4. ^ a b c British Aircraft Directory'Folland', (1 May 2004) Retrieved 20 May 2005
  5. ^ Andrew (2012-01-17). "Hopping Around Hampshire: 18. GE Hamble FC". Hoppingaroundhampshire.blogspot.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 

External links

  • The Folland E.28/40 a 1946 Flight article
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