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Foreign relations of Hong Kong


Foreign relations of Hong Kong

Under the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) in its own right under the name of Hong Kong, China.[2]


  • Overview 1
  • Agreements with foreign states 2
  • International organisation participation 3
  • Overseas visits made by senior officials 4
  • Overseas representation in Hong Kong 5
  • Relations with Taiwan 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Hong Kong was under Hong Kong Tourism Board with offices in other countries and regions to promote tourism. [4]

The Hong Kong SAR Government also has an office in Beijing, and three HKETOs at Guangzhou (Guangdong ETO), Shanghai and Chengdu. An HKETO will be set up at Wuhan in the future. The Central People's Government of the PRC also maintains a liaison office in Hong Kong. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has a representative office in Hong Kong.

Hong Kong makes strenuous law enforcement efforts, but faces serious challenges in controlling transit of heroin and methamphetamine to regional and world markets; modern banking system provides a conduit for money laundering; rising indigenous use of synthetic drugs, especially among young people.

Hong Kong has its own immigration policy and administration. Permanent residents of Hong Kong with PRC nationality hold a different type of passport, called the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passport, which is different from that for PRC citizens in Mainland China.[5] Hong Kong permanent residents and mainland Chinese need a passport-like document (the "Home Return Permit" for Hong Kong permanent residents and the Two-way Permit for Mainland Chinese) to cross the Sino-Hong Kong border. Visitors from other countries and regions not participating in waiver programme are required to apply for visas directly to the Hong Kong Immigration Department.

Agreements with foreign states

In accordance with Article 151 of the Basic Law, Hong Kong concluded over 20 agreements with foreign states in 2010 on matters such as economic and financial co-operation, maritime technical co-operation, postal co-operation and co-operation on wine-related businesses. With the authorisation of the Central People’s Government of the PRC, Hong Kong also concluded 12 bilateral agreements with foreign states on air services, investment promotion and protection, mutual legal assistance and visa abolition during the year.

International organisation participation

Overseas visits made by senior officials

The Chief Executive of Hong Kong and other senior officials often make a duty visit to foreign countries. These visits usually aims to advance Hong Kong's economic and trade relations with the foreign countries. During these visits, the Chief Executive will meet with political and business leaders. Usually, the head of state or head of government of the foreign countries will receive the Chief Executive. For example, former Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa made three visits to the United States during his term. In this three visits, Tung Chee-hwa met with U.S President in the oval office of White House. Chief Executive Donald Tsang had visited Japan, South Korea, Russia, United Kingdom, United States, Australia, New Zealand, Chile, Brazil, India, France and other countries during his term of government.

For example, The

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs of PRC
  • Protocol Division of Hong Kong Government
  • Office of the Commissioner of PRC's Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Hong Kong
  • Office of the Commissioner of PRC's Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Macao

External links

  1. ^ Article 151, Hong Kong Basic Law
  2. ^ Article 152, Hong Kong Basic Law
  3. ^ Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office Act 1996
  4. ^ Article 156, Hong Kong Basic Law
  5. ^ Article 154, Hong Kong Basic Law
  6. ^ CE visits Belgium, the UK
  7. ^ VIP Visits - Protocol Division, Hong Kong Government Secretariat
  8. ^ Our embassy
  9. ^ Taiwanese Overseas 'Embassies' Abroad


See also

From 2010, the relationship between the territory and Taiwan is managed through the Hong Kong-Taiwan Economic and Cultural Co-operation and Promotion Council (ECCPC) and Taiwan-Hong Kong Economic and Cultural Co-operation Council (ECCC). Meanwhile, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office is a de facto mission of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in Hong Kong.[9]

Relations with Taiwan

Most countries maintain consulates in Hong Kong. However, despite their name, these consulates are not subordinate to their country's embassy to the PRC in Beijing. For example, the British Consulate-General, Hong Kong and Macao is directly subordinate to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the UK rather than the British embassy in the Chinese capital.[8] The Consul-General of the United States, likewise, holds ambassadorial rank, and reports to the Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian Affairs in the U.S. Department of State; in contrast, the U.S. Consuls-General posted to Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Shenyang report to the Deputy Chief of Mission of the U.S. Embassy in Beijing who is directly subordinate to the U.S. ambassador.

When Hong Kong was a British colony, Commonwealth member states, unlike other countries, were represented in Hong Kong by Commissioners. However, since the 1997 handover, they have been renamed consulates. Owing to Hong Kong's economic importance, and the large number of British passport holders, the British Consulate-General [1] is the largest of its kind in the world and larger than many embassies.

Overseas representation in Hong Kong

Many foreign dignitaries visit Hong Kong each year.[7] The number of such visits has grown since 1997 as many of them have included Hong Kong as a destination on their trips to China, while others have visited Hong Kong specifically to see "One Country, Two Systems" in operation. The level of VIP visits is also boosted by major international conferences held in Hong Kong in recent years. In 2009-2012, there were 11 official visits to Hong Kong, including the visits of the Prime Minister of Canada, Secretary of State of the United States of America, President of the Russian Federation, President of the Republic of Indonesia, and other foreign dignitaries.

. Julie Bishop, and the Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs, Tony Abbott, as well as the leader of the Opposition, Kevin Rudd, and the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Julia Gillard in June to strengthen ties between Hong Kong and Australia, promote trade opportunities, and encourage more Australian companies, particularly resources companies, to list in Hong Kong.During his visit, Mr Tsang held meetings with the Prime Minister, Australia In Mid-2011, Donald Tsang visited [6]

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