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Foreign relations of Serbia

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Title: Foreign relations of Serbia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Kosovo–Serbia relations, Norway–Serbia relations, Serbia–Slovakia relations, Serbia–Spain relations, Serbia–Syria relations
Collection: Foreign Relations of Serbia, Politics of Serbia
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Foreign relations of Serbia

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Serbia

Foreign relations of Serbia are accomplished by efforts of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Serbia has inherited the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, along with all of its holdings, after the dissolution of the previous state union with Montenegro. Serbian foreign ministries continue to serve citizens of Montenegro in countries that do not have Montenegrin diplomatic presence. The governments of Serbia and Montenegro expressed an interest in pursuing a common foreign policy. Former President of Serbia Boris Tadić referred to relations with the European Union (EU), Russia, United States and China as the four pillars of foreign policy.[1] Serbia joined the United Nations on 1 November 2000.

Contents

  • Europe 1
    • Former union states and provinces 1.1
      •  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.1.1
      •  Croatia 1.1.2
      • Kosovo 1.1.3
      •  Montenegro 1.1.4
      •  Macedonia 1.1.5
      •  Slovenia 1.1.6
    • Nearest neighbours 1.2
    • Rest of Europe 1.3
  • Middle East and North Africa 2
  • Asia 3
  • Sub-Saharan Africa 4
  • North America 5
  • Oceania 6
  • Latin America 7
  • Overview 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Europe

Contingent from the Serbian Armed Forces during the Moscow Victory Day Parade, 9 May 2015

Former union states and provinces

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

See Bosnia and Herzegovina–Serbia relations

Bosnia and Herzegovina has an embassy in Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). Serbia is an official candidate and Bosnia is recognized as potential candidate country by the European Union.

 Croatia

See Croatia–Serbia relations

The two countries established diplomatic relations on 9 September 1996. Croatia has an embassy in Belgrade and a general consulate in Subotica. Serbia has an embassy in Zagreb and two general consulates (in Rijeka and Vukovar). There are around 200,000 people of Serbian descent living in Croatia and around 70,000 Croats living in Serbia.

Kosovo

On 17 February 2008, the former province of United Nations membership. As of 23 June 2015, 108 United Nations member states and Taiwan recognize Kosovo as an independent state. But still, with the strong and firm opposition of both Russia and China and their allies, Kosovo has no current prospects of becoming a member of the United Nations.[2]

Serbia, in response to nations which have recognized Kosovo as an independent nation, has consistently recalled its ambassadors to these nations in an act of protest.[3] These countries include the United States, Albania, Bulgaria, Republic of Macedonia, Colombia, Croatia, France, Germany, Hungary, Turkey, Slovenia and the United Kingdom.

States which recognize the Province of Kosovo-Metohija as an integral part of the Republic of Serbia and states which recognize Kosovo as an independent nation
  Serbia
  States which recognize the Province of Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia
  States which recognize Kosovo as an independent country

 Montenegro

See Montenegro–Serbia relations

Montenegro has an embassy in Belgrade. Serbia has an embassy in Podgorica and a Consulate-General in Herceg Novi.

 Macedonia

See Macedonia–Serbia relations

The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia that was formed in 1992 by the remaining Yugoslav republics Montenegro and Serbia established diplomatic relations with the Republic of Macedonia on 8 April 1996.[4] The establishment of bilateral relations has been done under Macedonia's constitutional name - Republic of Macedonia.[5] Serbia therefore is one of 125 countries in the world recognizing Macedonia under the constitutional name.[6] Macedonia has an embassy in Belgrade, while Serbia's embassy is located in Skopje.

 Slovenia

See Serbia–Slovenia relations

Nearest neighbours

Multilateral regional co-operation falls within the priorities of foreign policy and international relations of Serbia as an instrument and substance of its co-operation with neighbours in the region and within the context of the Serbia inclusion in European integrations, Euro-Atlantic structures and EU.

In the context of Serbia inclusion in multilateral economic and political relations and integrations as well as in the context of globalization, the relations and co-operation of regional character are of importance in the field of liberalization of trade and further affirmation of market economy and free trade. In that respect, the efforts to turn the region of South Eastern Europe into a free trade zone in which Serbia is actively participating through bilateral negotiations with neighbours and in the region (free trade agreements with Macedonia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as negotiations with Croatia, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Albania), are of particular importance. Serbia enjoys relatively good relations with its neighbouring countries. The border with Bosnia and Herzegovina along the Drina River continues to be an issue, whilst the issue of independence for Kosovo is of particular concern to Serbia.

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Albania See Albania–Serbia relations
  • Albania has an embassy in Belgrade.[9]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Tirana.[10]
 Bulgaria See Bulgaria–Serbia relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Sofia.
 Greece See Greece–Serbia relations
  • Greece has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Athens.

Friendly relations have played an important role in bilateral relations between the two nations, especially during the wars of the 1990s and the Balkans Campaign[11] in World War I. Due to the strong historical friendship and the deep cultural and religious ties between the two nations, Greece and Serbia enjoy historically, religiously and culturally close ties which are confirmed by a regular political dialogue. Greece is the top investor in Serbian economy[12] and during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, Greece openly expressed its disapproval and polls revealed that 94% of the Greek population were completely opposed to the bombing.[13] The more dramatic event was a People's Tribunal of over a 10.000 people in Athens, Greece, where the Greek Supreme Court declared president Clinton and NATO leaders guilty of war crimes.[14]

 Hungary See Hungary–Serbia relations
  • Hungary has an embassy in Belgrade and a general consulate in Subotica.[15][16]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Budapest and an honorary consulate in Szeged.[17]
  • Both countries share 151 km of common border.
  • There are around 290,000 people of Hungarian descent living in Serbia.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Hungary
 Romania See Romania–Serbia relations
  • Romania has an embassy in Belgrade, a general consulate in Vršac.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Bucharest, a general consulate in Timişoara.

Rest of Europe

Serbia has signed the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union on 29 April 2008 and is in the process of the Republic of Serbia being admitted into the framework of the European Union as a full-fledged member state. Serbia officially applied for European Union membership on 22 December 2009,[18] and the European Commission recommended making it an official candidate on 12 October 2011. After the vote of the 27 EU foreign ministers on 28 February 2012, where with 26 votes for and 1 vote against, a candidate status recommendation was issued, and Serbia received full candidate status on 1 March. On June 28, 2013 the European Council endorsed the Council of Ministers conclusions and recommendations to open accession negotiations with Serbia.[19][20] In December 2013 the Council of the European Union approved opening negotiations on Serbia's accession in January 2014,[21] and the first Intergovernmental Conference was held on 21 January at the European Council in Brussels.[22]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Austria See Austria–Serbia relations
  • Austria has an embassy in Belgrade.[23]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Vienna[24] and a general consulate in Salzburg.[25]
  • There are around 300,000 people of Serbian descent living in Austria.[26] The Serbs are the largest foreign population in Austria.
  • Austrian Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties with Serbia (in German only)
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Austria
 Belarus 1994-11-15 See Belarus–Serbia relations
  • Serbia recognised Belarus in December 1991 and both countries established diplomatic relations in November 1994 and at the ambassadorial level in 1996.
  • Belarus has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Minsk.
 Belgium
  • Belgium has an embassy in Belgrade.[27]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Brussels.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Belgium
 Cyprus See Cyprus–Serbia relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Nicosia
  • The two countries share common cultural and religious ascpects as both have major orthodox-Christian populations.[28]
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Serbia
 Czech Republic 1918 See Czech Republic–Serbia relations
  • The Czech Republic has an embassy in Belgrade.[29]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Prague.
  • Czech relations with Serbia were usually positive, just like relations between Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia (prewar). However, Czech government under administration of Mirek Topolánek decided to recognize Kosovo – the very important issue in Serbian politics.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with the Czech Republic
 Denmark See Denmark–Serbia relations
 Estonia 9 February 2001
  • Estonia is represented in Serbia through a non-resident ambassador based in Tallinn (in the Foreign Ministry).
  • Serbia is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki (Finland).
  • Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Serbia
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Estonia
 Finland 1929
  • Finland has an embassy in Belgrade.[30]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Helsinki.[31]
  • Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs: relations with Serbia
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: relations with Finland
 France 18 January 1879 See France–Serbia relations
  • France has an embassy in Belgrade.[32]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Paris and 2 consulates (in Lyon and Strasbourg).[33]
  • Since 2006, Serbia is an observer on the Francophonie.
  • There are between 70,000 and 100,000 people of Serbian descent living in France.
  • French Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Serbia
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with France
 Germany 1951 See Germany–Serbia relations
 Holy See See Holy See–Serbia relations
 Italy 1879 See Italy–Serbia relations and Italy-Yugoslavia relations
  • Italy has an embassy in Belgrade.[36]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Rome and 2 general consulates (in Milan and Trieste).
  • There are around 55,000 people of Serbian descent living in Italy.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Italy
 Lithuania 14 December 2000
  • Lithuania is represented in Serbia through its embassy in Budapest, Hungary and the diplomatic office in Belgrade.[37]
  • Serbia is represented in Lithuania through its embassy in Warsaw, Poland.
  • Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Serbia (in Lithuanian only)
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Lithuania
 Malta See Malta–Serbia relations
  • Malta is represented in Serbia through a non-resident ambassador based in Valletta (in the Foreign Ministry).[38]
  • Serbia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome (Italy) ad through an honorary consulate in Valletta.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Malta
 Moldova 1995 See Moldova–Serbia relations
  • Moldova is represented in Serbia through its embassy in Sofia (Bulgaria).
  • Serbia is represented in Moldova through its embassy in Kiev (Ukraine).
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Moldova
 Netherlands
  • Netherlands have an embassy in Belgrade.[39]
  • Serbia has an embassy in The Hague.[40]
  • There are 40,000 people of Serbian descent living in the Netherlands.
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Serbia (in Dutch only)
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with the Netherlands
 Norway See Norway–Serbia relations
 Poland See Poland–Serbia relations
  • Poland has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Warsaw.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Poland
 Portugal See Portugal–Serbia relations
  • Portugal has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Lisbon.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Portugal
 Russia 1940 See Russia–Serbia relations

Diplomatic relations between the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union were established on June 24, 1940, and Serbia and the Russian Federation recognize the continuity of all inter-State documents signed between the two countries. There are about 70 bilateral treaties, agreements and protocols signed in the past. Serbia and the Russian Federation have signed and ratified 43 bilateral agreements and treaties in diverse areas of mutual cooperation so far.[44]

 San Marino 14 February 2002 See San Marino–Serbia relations
  • San Marino has an embassy in Belgrade
  • Serbia covers San Marino from an embassy in Rome.
  • Bilateral Relations with San Marino, Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
 Slovakia 1993 See Serbia–Slovakia relations
  • Serbia has an embassy in Bratislava.[45]
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Belgrade.[46]
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign affairs about the relation with Slovakia
 Spain See Serbia–Spain relations
  • Serbia has an embassy in Madrid.[47]
  • Spain has an embassy in Belgrade.[48]
  • There are around 4,400 people of Serbian descent living in Spain.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Spain
  • Spanish Ministry of Foreign Relations about relations with Serbia (in Spanish only)
 Sweden See Serbia–Sweden relations
  • Serbia has an embassy in Stockholm.
  • Sweden has an embassy in Belgrade.[49]
  • Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
  Switzerland See Serbia–Switzerland relations
  • Switzerland has an embassy in Belgrade.[50]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Bern and two general consulates (in Geneva and Zurich).[51][52]
  • There are around 186,000 people of Serbian descent living in Switzerland.[53] (See Serbs in Switzerland)
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Switzerland
  • Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Serbia
 Ukraine 15 April 1994 See Serbia–Ukraine relations
  • Serbia recognized Ukraine in December 1991 by the decision on the recognition of the former republics of the Soviet Union.
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Kiev.
 United Kingdom See Serbia–United Kingdom relations
  • The UK has an embassy in Belgrade.[54]
  • Serbia has an embassy in London.[55]
  • There are around 70,000 people of Serbian descent living in the United Kingdom. (See Serbs in the United Kingdom)
  • British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about relations with Serbia
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with the United Kingdom

Middle East and North Africa

Serbia enjoys good relations with the Middle East, these are inherited by the independent Serbia from its time as the hub of a federation (i.e., Yugoslavia) which was very active in the Non-Aligned Movement during the 1960s. Serbia's closest partner in the region is the United Arab Emirates. Israel, Syria, Iraq and Egypt are important economic partners of Serbia, as Israel invests in the Serbian construction industry and Egypt is a large market for Zastava automobiles. Serbia also has an important security agreement with Iran,[56] another important economic and political partner of Serbia. Serbia also maintains diplomatic relations with the Palestinian National Authority. Serbia wishes to intensify relations with the CCASG countries, namely Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar and Kuwait. Also many of the North African countries (Algeria, Libya, Tunisia and Morocco) enjoy good relations with Serbia and are important trading partners. Tunisia is a hugely popular tourist destination for Serbs as there is no visa required for Serb nationals entering the country.

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Algeria 1962 See Algeria-Serbia relations
  • Formal relations started on 1962
  • Algeria has an embassy in Belgrade.[57]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Algiers since 1962.[58]
 Bahrain 1989

See Bahrain–Serbia relations

 Egypt See Egypt-Serbia relations
  • Egypt has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Cairo.[59]
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Egypt
 Iran 1945

See Iran–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Tehran and Iran has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has good relations with Iran.
 Iraq 1958

See Iraq–Serbia relations

  • Iraq has an embassy in Belgrade.[60]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Baghdad.[61]
 Israel 1992[62]

See Israel–Serbia relations

  • The bilateral relations between Yugoslavia and Israel were severed for 25 years, from 1967 until October 9, 1991, when they were officially renewed.
  • Israel has an embassy in Belgrade.[63]
  • Serbia has embassy in Tel Aviv.[64]
  • History of the Jews in Serbia
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Israel
 Kuwait 1963

See Kuwait–Serbia relations

  • Kuwait has an embassy in Belgrade and Serbia has an embassy in Kuwait City.
  • Serbian companies have long had a presence in Kuwait. The iconic Kuwait Towers were commissioned by Energoprojekt, based in Belgrade.
  • Kuwait recently approved a 25 million Euro loan to Serbia to fund the construction of the Prokop railway station.[65]
  • Kuwait also received support from Serbia, under the former Yugoslavia, during the Iraqi invasion in 1990.
 Libya See Libya–Serbia relations
  • Libya has an embassy in Belgrade.[66]
  • Since 1963, Serbia has an embassy in Tripoli.[67]
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Libya
 Oman 1974

See Oman–Serbia relations

  • Serbian foreign minister Vuk Jeremic paid a visit to Muscat in 2010.
 Palestine 1988 See Palestine–Serbia relations Relations between Serbia and the Palestinian Authority have been very close and friendly. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was one of the first countries to recognize Palestinian Authority in November 1988 and its successor Serbia maintained close relations, favoring a Two-State solution. The Palestinian Authority for its part, has refused to recognize the independence of Kosovo.[68][69]
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Palestine
 Qatar 1989

See Qatar–Serbia relations

  • Qatar has an embassy in Belgrade.
 Saudi Arabia 17 April 2013[70]

See Saudi Arabia-Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Riyadh.
 Syria 1946

See Serbia–Syria relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Damascus.[71]
  • Syria has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Also Syria is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement and Serbia is an observer.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Syria
 Tunisia
  • Serbia has an embassy in Tunis.
  • Tunisia has an embassy in Belgrade.
 Turkey See Serbia–Turkey relations
  • Serbia has an embassy in Ankara and a consulate-general in Istanbul.
  • Turkey has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Both countries are full members of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation.
 United Arab Emirates 21 March 2007

See Serbia–United Arab Emirates relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Abu Dhabi and the UAE has one in Belgrade.[72]
  • Economic relations between Serbia and the UAE have increased dramatically during 2012-2013.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with the UAE

Asia

Serbia has excellent relations with countries such as China, Japan, Singapore and South Korea. These four countries are important economic partners for Serbia in Asia.

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Afghanistan 1954 See Afghanistan-Serbia relations
  • Afghani foreign minister Zalmai Rassoul visited Belgrade in September 2011.
  • Bilateral trade between Serbia and Afghanistan reached 7.3 million euros during 2011.
 Bhutan 9 December 2011

See Bhutan–Serbia relations

 Brunei 5 December 2011

See Brunei–Serbia relations

  • Pengiran Muda Mohamed Bolkiah paid a visit to Belgrade in September 2011.
 Cambodia 1956

See Cambodia–Serbia relations

 China 1955 See China–Serbia relations
  • Serbia has an embassy in Beijing and a general consulate in Shanghai.
  • China has an embassy in Belgrade and also maintains an office in Priština based on consent of the Government of Serbia from November 2006.

China has always traditionally had very warm and close relations with Belgrade since the establishing of diplomatic relations in 1955.[73]

 India See India–Serbia relations
  • India has an embassy in Belgrade.[74]
  • Serbia has an embassy in New Delhi and an honorary consulate in Chennai.[75]
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with India
 Indonesia See Indonesia–Serbia relations Indonesia has very close relations with Serbia, especially within the fields of trade, culture and tourism. Indonesia has also voiced support for Serbia's territorial integrity over the Kosovo issue.[76]
 Japan 20 May 1997 See Japan–Serbia relations
  • Japan has an embassy in Belgrade.[77]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Tokyo and an honorary consulate in Osaka.[78]
  • Both countries are strong trading partners.[79]
  • There are about 92 Japanese living in Serbia.[80]
  • Ministry of foreign affairs of Japan: Japan-Serbia relations
 Kazakhstan 1996

See Kazakhstan–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Astana
 Malaysia 2003
  • Malaysia has an embassy in Belgrade and Serbia is represented in Malaysia by the embassy in Jakarta.
  • During the period January 2012 - September 2012, bilateral trade reached 27.5 million euros.
  • Dato' Sri Anifah Hj. Aman paid a visit to Belgrade in September 2011
  • According to the Embassy of Malaysia in Belgrade, there are 25 Malaysians living in Serbia.[81]
 Maldives 1974

See Maldives–Serbia relations

 Mongolia 20 November 1956 [82][83]

See Mongolia–Serbia relations

 North Korea 1948 See North Korea–Serbia relations Serbia maintains friendly relations with North Korea. Relations between the two countries started in 1948 under the Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito. Relations between the two countries are still strong in both political and military terms. The North Korean embassy to Serbia is accredited to Sofia, Bulgaria.
 Pakistan See Pakistan–Serbia relations Pakistan considers Serbia to be a very important country and that the relations between the two states are warm and friendly.[84]
 South Korea 27 December 1989[85] See South Korea–Serbia relations
 Thailand
  • Serbia is represented in Thailand through its embassy in Jakarta (Indonesia).
  • Thailand does not have representation in Serbia.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Thailand
 Turkmenistan 1996

See Turkmenistan–Serbia relations

 Vietnam
  • Serbia is represented in Vietnam through its embassy in Jakarta (Indonesia).
  • Vietnam is represented in Serbia through its embassy in Bucharest (Romania).
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Vietnam
  • Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Serbia

Sub-Saharan Africa

Ever since the times of Josip Broz Tito and the Non-Aligned Movement, Serbia has enjoyed excellent relations with African nations. South Africa is Serbia's closest ally in Africa and the two nations have had excellent relations since the signing of diplomatic relations in 1992 following the end of the Apartheid system. South Africa is also home to around 20,000 Serbs, mainly living in the Johannesburg area.[86] South Africa is also voicing support for Serbia over the Kosovo issue.[87] Nelson Mandela was also made an honorary citizen of Belgrade.[88] Serbia is also actively involved in many investments in Angola with whom it has excellent political and economic relations.

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Angola 1975

See Angola–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Luanda and Angola has an embassy in Belgrade.
 Cape Verde 1976

See Cape Verde–Serbia relations

 Democratic Republic of the Congo 1961

See Democratic Republic of Congo–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Kinshasa and DR Congo has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • The Foreign Ministry of DR Congo visited Belgrade in 2011 and the Foreign Ministry of Serbia visited Kinshasa in 2009.
 Ethiopia See Ethiopia–Serbia relations
 Gabon 1960

See Gabon–Serbia relations

 Ghana 1957

See Ghana–Serbia relations

 Kenya 1963

See Kenya–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Nairobi, Kenya has an honorary consulate in Belgrade.
 Lesotho 1972

See Lesotho–Serbia relations

 Mali 1961

See Mali–Serbia relations

 Nigeria 1960

See Nigeria–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Abuja and honorary consulates in Kano and Lagos. Nigeria has an embassy in Belgrade.
 Somalia 1960

See Somalia–Serbia relations

 South Africa 2 April 1992

See South Africa–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Pretoria.[89]
  • South Africa is represented in Serbia through its embassy in Athens (Greece).
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with South Africa
  • South African Department of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Serbia
 South Sudan 4 January 2012[90] See South Sudan–Serbia relations
 Zambia 1964

See Zambia–Serbia relations

  • Serbia has an embassy in Lusaka
 Zimbabwe 1980

See Zimbabwe–Serbia relations

  • Bilateral trade between Serbia and Zimbabwe amounted to 1 million euros in 2011, exclusively imports from Zimbabwe.

North America

Serbia has very poor relations with the United States and Canada because of their recognition of Kosovo's independence. On 25 February 2008, Serbian Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica demanded that the United States rescind its recognition of Kosovo, warning that "there will be no stability until the fake state" is annulled.[91]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Canada See Canada–Serbia relations
  • Canada has an embassy in Belgrade.[92]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate general in Toronto and honorary consuls (in Montreal and Vancouver).[93][94]
  • There are around 150,000 people of Serbian descent living in Canada.
  • Canadian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade about relations with Serbia
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Canada
 United States See Serbia–United States relations Prior to World War I and creation of Yugoslavia, Serbia and the US enjoyed excellent relations. Bilateral relations between Serbia and the United States were established in 1882. At the outset of hostilities between NATO and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in the spring of 1999, the United States and Yugoslavia severed diplomatic relations. After the overthrow of the Milosevic government in October 2000, the following month the United States reestablished a diplomatic presence. The U.S. Embassy formally reopened in May 2001. The Serbian Embassy in Washington and the U.S. Embassy in Belgrade have reestablished bilateral relations and provide a full range of consular services. In February 2008 Serbia recalled its ambassador from the United States, following the U.S. recognition of the unilaterally declared independence of Kosovo. The US established full diplomatic relations at Ambassador level with the Republic of Kosovo, which broke away from Serbia in February 2008.[95]

Oceania

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Australia See Australia–Serbia relations
  • Australia has an embassy in Belgrade.[96]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Canberra and a general consulate in Sydney.
  • The European office of the Australian Federal Police is located in Belgrade as of 2003.
  • Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade about relations with Serbia
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Australia
  • Increasing Australian Business Activities with Serbia
 Fiji 1976

See Fiji–Serbia relations

 New Zealand
  • New Zealand is represented in Serbia through its embassy in The Hague (Netherlands).
  • Serbia is represented in New Zealand through its embassy in Canberra (Australia).
  • New Zealand and Serbia have four bilateral treaties in force including the most favoured nation treaty from 1960. Trade between the two countries was based on a very modest exchange totaling US$2.3 million in 2006 but it rose significantly in 2007 to EUR 805 million.[97]
  • In the 2006 census, over 1,000 New Zealand residents claimed to be of Serbian ethnicity.[98]
 Tonga 1 March 2013

See Tonga–Serbia relations

Latin America

Serbia has very good relations with Latin America, except Colombia and Panama, which did recognize Kosovo's independence. Brazil, the largest country in the region, decided not to recognize Kosovo's independence until an agreement with Serbia is reached.[99]

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Argentina See Argentina–Serbia relations
  • Diplomatic relations between Serbia and Argentina existed before the Second World War and were restored in 1946.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Buenos Aires
  • Argentina has an embassy in Belgrade.[100]
 Brazil 1946 See Brazil–Serbia relations
 Cuba See Cuba–Serbia relations Cuba and Serbia have a long history of diplomatic relations from the period of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia when both countries were members of Non-Aligned Movement. Cuba supports Serbia in its stance towards Kosovo considering Kosovo's independence an illegitimate act and a violation of international law and principles of the United Nations Charter.[101] Serbia supports Cuba at the United Nations in condemning the United States embargo.[102]
 Dominica 2010[103] See Dominica–Serbia relations
 Mexico 24 May 1946 See Mexico–Serbia relations
  • Mexico has an embassy in Belgrade.[104]
  • Serbia has an embassy in Mexico City.[105]
 Peru
  • Diplomatic relations between then Yugoslavia and Peru existed before the Second World War. They were renewed in 1967.
  • Peru has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy in Lima.[106]
  • Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Relations about the relation with Serbia (in Spanish only)
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Peru
 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2011[107] See St. Vincent and the Grenadines–Serbia relations
 Venezuela See Serbia-Venezuela relations
  • Serbia is represented in Venezuela through its embassy in Brasília (Brazil).
  • Venezuela is represented in Serbia through its embassy in Belgrade.
  • In 2007, Serbia exported goods worth €33,000 to Venezuela, while Venezuelan exports totaled €158,000.
  • After the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez announced that Venezuela does not recognise Kosovo's independence on the grounds that it has been achieved through U.S. pressure and criticised a recent political movement calling out for a more autonomous Zulia state. He said "This cannot be accepted. It's a very dangerous precedent for the entire world.".[108] On 24 March 2008, Chavez accused Washington of trying to "weaken Russia" by supporting independence for Kosovo. He called Kosovo's new leader, Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi, a "terrorist" put in power by the U.S. and noted that the former rebel leader's nom de guerre was "The Snake".[109] Chavez had strongly opposed the NATO intervention in Kosovo in 1999 when he first became president.
  • Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Venezuela

Overview

Foreign relations of Serbia

Serbia has established diplomatic relations with 188 UN member states,[110] the Holy See,[110] the Sovereign Military Order of Malta,[110] and the European Union.[110]

Serbia has not established diplomatic relations with:[111]

See also

References

  1. ^ """B92 - Info - Tadi on Serbia's "four pillars of diplomacy. B92. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Rift Emerges at the United Nations Over Kosovo". New York Sun. 19 February 2008. 
  3. ^ PROTEST CONVEYED TO FRANCE, BRITAIN, COSTA RICA, AUSTRALIA, ALBANIA at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Macedonia
  5. ^ Republic of Serbia - Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  6. ^ Government of the Republic of Macedonia "FM Milososki: Name row a result of Greece's desire to protect its myth of pure nation" . the fact that 125 countries in the world have recognised Macedonia's constitutional name is a clear signal that the country has international support 
  7. ^ Serbian embassy in Ljubljana (in Serbian and Slovenian only)
  8. ^ "Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia Belgrade". Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Vandals damage Albanian embassy in Belgrade". BBC. March 29, 1999. 
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External links

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia
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