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Frank Weston (bishop of Zanzibar)

Frank Weston SSC OBE (13 September 1871–2 November 1924) was the Anglican Bishop of Zanzibar from 1907 until his death 16 years later.[1]

Contents

  • Life and ministry 1
  • Works 2
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • External links 5

Life and ministry

Frank Weston was born in South London, the fourth son and fifth child of a tea broker.[2] Born into a clerical family,[3] he was educated at Dulwich College and Trinity College, Oxford, where he obtained a first class honours degree in theology in 1893.[4] He was ordained a deacon by John Festing, Bishop of St Albans, in 1894 and was ordained a priest in 1895.[5] After serving at the Trinity College Mission in Stratford-atte-Bow in the East End of London from 1894 to 1896,[6] he served at St Matthew's, Westminster, from 1896 to 1898.[7] Weston had earlier applied to join the Universities' Mission to Central Africa but had been turned down because of poor health. When Archdeacon Woodward of the UMCA came to stay at St Matthew's he encouraged Weston to apply again, this time his health was good enough for the missions.[8] He was to spend the rest of his life in Zanzibar,[9][10] where, after initially saying of his command of Swahili that "my grammar is bad and my vocabulary is very poor, but my nerve is immense",[11]he eventually "learned to think in Swahili".[12]

A staunch Anglo-Catholic, Weston was the chaplain and then principal of St Andrew's College,[13] additionally serving as chancellor of Zanzibar Cathedral from 1904 to 1908, before being ordained to the episcopate in 1908.[14] He was consecrated bishop in Southwark Cathedral on 18 October the same year. Under his auspices, a Swahili edition of the Book of Common Prayer for use in Zanzibar was issued in 1919.[15]

Weston delivered the concluding address of the Second Anglo-Catholic Congress of 1923,[16] in which he urged the participants to "Go out and look for Jesus in the ragged, in the naked, in the oppressed and sweated, in those who have lost hope, in those who are struggling to make good. Look for Jesus. And when you see him, gird yourselves with his towel and try to wash their feet."[17]

Weston made the following impression on those who attended the congress at the Royal Albert Hall:

"The outstanding personality of the Congress was undoubtedly the Bishop of Zanzibar. To look upon him is to look upon a man. His tall, commanding figure and fine voice added impressiveness to his emphatic diction. He is clear-sighted, resolute, fearless—a leader of men. But he is something more. He is one whose vision is not of the earth earthy, one who habitually seeks the things that are above. Deep-souled earnestness vibrated in every word he spoke. He held that vast audience in the hollow of his hand." [18]

Already known within the church as a man of principle,[19] he was involved in one of the deepest disputes within the Bishop of Mombasa, of heresy.[21] A report by the Archbishop's Commission later prohibited Anglicans from receiving Nonconformist sacraments, while stating that it was acceptable in exceptional circumstances for Nonconformists to receive communion in an Anglican church.

Weston wrote two particularly notable pamphlets. "The Black Slaves of Prussia" is an open letter to General Smuts inveighing against proposals to hand territory to the post-war German Empire and the consequences in particular on those who had fought for the British.[22] "The Serfs of Great Britain" was about bad treatment of Africans by the British.

In [24]

Works

The Holy Sacrifice: A Short Manual of Worship and Prayer for use at the Holy Communion Service (London: Methuen and Co., 1898)

Sarufi Ya Kiswahili cha unguja (Zanzibar: Universities Mission Press, 1903)

Are Missions Needed? Four Answers Given and One Question Asked (London: Universities Mission to Central Africa, 1904)

The One Christ: An Enquiry into the Matter of the Incarnation (London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1907)

Ecclesia Anglicana, for what does she stand? An Open Letter to the Right Rev. Father in God, Edgar, Lord Bishop of St. Albans (London: Longmans, Green, & Co., 1913)

Proposals for a Central Missionary Council of Episcopal and Non-Episcopal Churches in East Africa (London: Longmans, Green, & Co., 1914)

The One Christ: An Enquiry into the Matter of the Incarnation (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1914)

The Case Against Kikuyu: A Study in Vital Principles (London: Longmans, Green, & Co., 1914)

Kitabu cha Elimu ya Dini, with Samwil Sehoza (Zanzibar: Universities Mission to Central Africa Press, 1914)

The Fulness of Christ: An Essay (London: Longmans, Green, & Co., 1916)

The Black Slaves of Prussia: An Open Letter Addressed to General Smuts (London: Universities Mission to Central Africa, 1918). Published in Portuguese as Os Escravos Negros da Prussia (Lisbon: Bureau da Imprensa Britanica, 1918)

Conquering and to Conquer (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1918)

God with Us: The Meaning of the Tabernacle (London: Mowbray, 1918)

The Christ and His Critics: An Open Pastoral Letter to the European Missionaries of his Diocese (London: Mowbray, 1919)

The Serfs of Great Britain (London: W. Knott, 1920)

The Revelation of Eternal Love: Christianity Stated in Terms of Love (London: Mowbray, 1920)

Lambeth and Reunion: An Interpretation of the Mind of the Lambeth Conference of 1920, with Frank Theodore Woods and Martin Linton Smith (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1921)

In Defence of the English Catholic (London: Mowbray, 1923)

In His Will: Retreat Addresses (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1926)

School of Sanctity: Retreat Addresses (London: Mowbray, 1926)

Retreat Addresses (London: Community of the Sacred Passion, 1930)

References

  1. ^ Who was Who 1897-1990, London, A & C Black, 1991, ISBN 0-7136-3457-X.
  2. ^ Andrew Porter, "The Universities' Mission to Central Africa: Anglo-Catholicism and the Twentieth-Century Colonial Encounter" in Brian Stanley (ed.) Missions, Nationalism, and the End of Empire (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2003), p. 86.
  3. ^ His nephew (also called Frank Weston) was later Bishop of Knaresborough
  4. ^ A.W. Holland (ed.) The Oxford & Cambridge Yearbook (London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co. Ltd., 1904) p. 649.
  5. ^ A.W. Holland (ed.) The Oxford & Cambridge Yearbook (London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co. Ltd., 1904), p. 649.
  6. ^ Official Year-Book of the Church of England (London: Society for the Promoting of Christian Knowledge, 1897) p. 51.
  7. ^ Andrew Porter, "The Universities' Mission to Central Africa: Anglo-Catholicism and the Twentieth-Century Colonial Encounter" in Brian Stanley (ed.) Missions, Nationalism, and the End of Empire (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2003), p. 85.
  8. ^ H. Maynard Smith, Frank, Bishop of Zanzibar: Life of Frank Weston D.D. 1871-1924, London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1926, p. 21.
  9. ^ A Short Life of Frank Weston, Abdy, D: London, SPCK, 1937.
  10. ^ Byaruhanga, C. (2006), "The Legacy of Bishop Frank Weston of Zanzibar 1871-1924 in the Global South Anglicanism", Exchange, Volume 35, Number 3, 2006 , pp. 255-269 (15).
  11. ^ Smith, Frank, Bishop of Zanzibar, p. 39.
  12. ^ H. Maynard Smith "Frank Weston, Bishop of Zanzibar: An Appreciation", International Review of Missions 14 (2) April 1925 p. 190.
  13. ^ Anglo Catholic Viewpoint
  14. ^ The Times, 15 April 1908; p. 10, "Ecclesiastical Intelligence: New Bishop of Zanzibar".
  15. ^ Kitabu cha sala za kanuni ilivyo desturi ya kanisa la unguja, London: Society for the Promoting of Christian Knowledge, 1919.
  16. ^ Frank Weston (London: Catholic Literary Association, 1933)
  17. ^ Frank Weston, "Our Present Duty: Concluding Address of the Anglo-Catholic Congress", London: Society of St Peter and Paul, 1923.
  18. ^ Richard Downey, "Some Impressions of the Anglo-Catholic Congress", The Tablet, 21 July 1923, p. 3.
  19. ^ Weston, Frank (1907) The One Christ: an enquiry into the manner of the incarnation. London, Longmans.
  20. ^ New York Times, 4 January 1914, "Origins of the Kikuyu Dispute".
  21. ^ The Times, 12 May 1914; p. 9, "Issues of Kikuyu: Bishop Weston's Reply To Bishop Peel".
  22. ^ http://anglicanhistory.org/weston/slaves1918.html
  23. ^ The Times, 4 November 1924, p. 19, "Bishop Weston. Mission Work in Zanzibar".
  24. ^ Smith, Frank, Bishop of Zanzibar, p. 318.

Bibliography

  • Frank Weston, by Christopher Byaruhanga
  • Frank, Bishop of Zanzibar, by H. Maynard Smith, 1926, London: SPCK (2nd ed. 1928)
  • A short life of Frank Weston, Bishop of Zanzibar, by Dora C. Abdy, SPCK

External links

  • Documents by and about Weston from Project Canterbury
  • by Christopher ByaruhangaFrank Weston
Church of England titles
Preceded by
John Edward Hine
Bishop of Zanzibar
1907 – 1924
Succeeded by
Thomas Howard Birley
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