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Free-range parenting

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Title: Free-range parenting  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Articles for deletion/Meitiv family, Lenore Skenazy, Helicopter parent, Stranger danger, Parenting
Collection: Parenting
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Free-range parenting

Free-range parenting is the concept of raising children in the spirit of encouraging them to function independently in proper accordance of their age of development with a reasonable acceptance of realistic personal risks.

This idea was popularized by author Lenore Skenazy at her website (founded April 2008) and her book "Free-Range Kids: Giving Our Children the Freedom We Had Without Going Nuts with Worry" (published April 2009) and can be generally described as the opposite of helicopter parenting.


  • Overview 1
  • Criticisms 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • References 5


American journalist

  1. ^ Skenazy, Lenore (2009). Free Range Kids: Giving Our Children the Freedom We Had without Going Nuts with Worry. Jossey Bass. p. 256.  
  2. ^ Skenazy, Lenore (2008). "Free Range Kids blog". 
  3. ^ Maryland parent investigation raises issue: What age to allow children 'free range' to walk, stay home alone?
  4. ^ "Reducing Accidents is Key to Lower Child Mortality". NBER. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 
  5. ^ "What Kind Of Parent Are You? The Debate Over 'Free-Range' Parenting". NPR. Retrieved 2015-06-08. 


  • Free-range kids, website of author Lenore Skenazy
  • Neglect or Nurture? The Value of 'Free-Range' Parenting & Childhood Freedom, The Takeaway 4/2015
  • The Case for Free-Range Parenting, NYTimes, 3/2015

External links

See also

Another criticism is that Skenazy is correct, but has taken the ideas further than intended thus underestimating the risks to children in today's society. A third is that "free-range parenting" is what used to be called "parenting". As in judging what risks, freedoms, and responsibilities are appropriate for their own kids. Parents who self-identify as free-range parents are taking it too far in thinking that they are parenting differently. [5]

Many improvements are a consequence of a change in family behavior. Older children are less likely to walk to school than was the case 20 years ago, perhaps helping reduce pedestrian accidents. Manufacturers developed a host of child-proofing products as different causes of injury became better known. What ties these changes together is the increased availability of information on how to protect children, enabling parents to look after their children's safety more effectively. All parents can now read mandatory safety labels on products and must take other steps required by regulations. In addition, parents, especially those who are well-educated, have more information today to help them best use their time and money to protect their children. For example, the amount of safety information in Dr. Benjamin Spock's popular manual of baby and child care increased from three pages to 13 pages between 1957 and 1992. This advantage of education may have contributed to growing inequality between the mortality rate for children of more-educated parents and that for children of less-educated parents. [4]

One criticism is that free-range parenting advocates are focused too narrowly on child abductions by strangers, which are rare, and ignore the dramatic drop in child deaths from unintentional injuries in the past 50 years. The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) credits the same cultural change free-range parenting advocates resist for much of this decrease in mortality:



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