World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Freemasonry in Portugal

Article Id: WHEBN0022840651
Reproduction Date:

Title: Freemasonry in Portugal  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject:
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Freemasonry in Portugal

The first known Freemasons in Portugal were the Swiss John Coustos and two other Portuguese members of his lodge, who were arrested by the Portuguese Inquisition and questioned under torture in the 1740s. Coustos wrote a book detailing his sufferings under the Inquisition. Today there are several Masonic Obediences in Portugal.

Grande Oriente Lusitano

The "Grand Orient of Lusitania", founded in 1802, is the oldest Masonic Obedience in Portugal. It is recognized by the Grand Orient de France and also belongs to CLIPSAS. The Grand Orient of Portugal belongs to the Masonic liberal current, proclaiming the absolute liberty of conscience and adogmatism.

Rites

Under the auspices of the Grande Oriente Lusitano there are lodges of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite and of the French Rite. These Rites are administered by the respective philosophical Potences with which the Grande Oriente Lusitano has a treaty to confer the symbolic degrees:

  • The Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite for Portugal and its jurisdiction [1]
  • French Rite of Portugal (Rose-Croix)[2]

Grémio Lusitano

The three potencies are represented in civil society through the Grémio Lusitano, a cultural, recreational and philanthropic society whose head quarters are situated at the Rua do Grémio Lusitano, number 25, in Lisbon. This building, the Masonic Palace, also hosts the Portuguese Masonic Museum, considered by many as one of the best of its kind in Europe. The Museum is open to the general public.

Grande Loja Regular de Portugal

The "Regular Grand Lodge of Portugal" (GLRP) was created under a warrant from the Grande Loge Nationale Française in 1991, but recognition by that body has recently been withdrawn.

Grande Loja Legal de Portugal/GLRP

The "Legal Grand Lodge of Portugal/GLRP" (GLLP/GLRP) [3] was created in 1996, after a dispute over the legality of an election to the Grand Mastership of GLRP in which the party disputing the GM managed to take control of the civil association under which the Obedience had legal existence. That led the majority of the members of that body to create a new civil association under the name "Legal Grand Lodge of Portugal/GLRP". The members of GLRP see GLLP as a new Masonic Obedience; however, the members of GLLP see themselves as the same Obedience as before, but under a new name, and consider GLRP to be, now, a clandestine organization. The dispute was taken to several Grand Masters meetings, who considered GLLP to be the same Masonic Obedience formerly known as GLRP, and repudiated the acts of those who held the name GLRP. As such, most international masonic bodies no longer recognize GLRP. GLLP, however, is recognized by most Grand Lodges in the Anglo-American stream of Freemasonry [4] as the only Regular masonic obedience in Portugal.

Grande Loja Nacional Portugesa

This body is recognized by the Grand Lodge of Scotland.[5]

Other

There are several Co-Masonic groups that admit women.

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.