World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Garden cress

Article Id: WHEBN0000472195
Reproduction Date:

Title: Garden cress  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cruciferous vegetables, Cardamom, Cayenne pepper, Danish cuisine, Paprika
Collection: Herbs, Leaf Vegetables, Lepidium, Medicinal Plants, Plants Described in 1753, Plants Used in Ayurveda
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Garden cress

Garden cress
Young plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Lepidium
Species: L. sativum
Binomial name
Lepidium sativum
L.

Cress (Lepidium sativum), sometimes referred to as garden cress to distinguish it from similar plants also referred to as cress (from old Germanic cresso which means sharp, spicy), is a rather fast-growing, edible herb.

Garden cress is genetically related to watercress and mustard, sharing their peppery, tangy flavor and aroma. In some regions, garden cress is known as mustard and cress, garden pepper cress, pepperwort pepper grass, or poor man's pepper.[1][2]

This annual plant can reach a height of 60 cm (~24 inches), with many branches on the upper part. The white to pinkish flowers are only 2 mm (1/12 of an inch) across, clustered in branched racemes.[3][4]

Contents

  • Garden cress in agriculture 1
  • Cress in cookery 2
  • Other uses 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Garden cress in agriculture

Garden cress is commercially grown in England, France, the Netherlands and Scandinavia.[5]

Cultivation of garden cress is practical on both mass scales and on the individual scale. Garden cress is suitable for hydroponic cultivation and thrives in slightly alkaline water. In many local markets, the demand for hydroponically grown cress can exceed available supply, partially because cress leaves are not suitable for distribution in dried form, so they can only be partially preserved. Consumers commonly acquire cress as seeds or (in Europe) from markets as boxes of young live shoots.[5]

Edible shoots are typically harvested in one to two weeks after planting, when they are 5–13 cm (2 - 5 inches) tall.[6]

Cress in cookery

Garden cress, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 134 kJ (32 kcal)
5.5 g
Sugars 4.4 g
Dietary fiber 1.1 g
2.6 g
Vitamins
Vitamin A equiv.
(43%)
346 μg
(38%)
4150 μg
12500 μg
Thiamine (B1)
(7%)
0.08 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(22%)
0.26 mg
Niacin (B3)
(7%)
1 mg
(5%)
0.247 mg
Vitamin B6
(19%)
0.247 mg
Folate (B9)
(20%)
80 μg
Vitamin C
(83%)
69 mg
Vitamin E
(5%)
0.7 mg
Vitamin K
(516%)
541.9 μg
Minerals
Calcium
(8%)
81 mg
Iron
(10%)
1.3 mg
Magnesium
(11%)
38 mg
Manganese
(26%)
0.553 mg
Phosphorus
(11%)
76 mg
Potassium
(13%)
606 mg

Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Garden cress is added to soups, sandwiches and salads for its tangy flavor.[6] It is also eaten as sprouts, and the fresh or dried seed pods can be used as a peppery seasoning (haloon).[5] In England, cut cress shoots are commonly used in sandwiches with boiled eggs, mayonnaise and salt.

Garden cress can grow almost anywhere.

Other uses

Garden cress, known as chandrashoor, and the seeds, known as halloon[7] in India, are commonly used in the system of Ayurveda to prevent postnatal complications.

Garden cress seeds, since ancient times, have been used in local traditional medicine of India.[8] Seeds have been shown to reduce the symptoms of asthma and improve lung function in asthmatics.[9] The seeds have been reported as possessing a hypoglycemic property in rats[10] and the seed mucilage is used as a substitute for gum arabic and tragacanth.

Cress may be given to budgerigars.[11] Some use it in the belief that it can cure asthma, bronchitis bleeding piles.[12]

Some use Lepidium sativum seeds for indigestion and constipation.[13]

References

  1. ^ Cassidy, Frederic Gomes and Hall, Joan Houston. Dictionary of American regional English, Harvard University Press, 2002. Page 97. ISBN 0-674-00884-7, ISBN 978-0-674-00884-7
  2. ^ Staub, Jack E, Buchert, Ellen. 75 Exceptional Herbs for Your Garden Published by Gibbs Smith, 2008. ISBN 1-4236-0251-X, 9781423602514
  3. ^ Vegetables of Canada. Published by NRC Research Press. ISBN 0-660-19503-8, ISBN 978-0-660-19503-2
  4. ^ Boswell, John T. and Sowerby, James. English Botany: Or, Coloured Figures of British Plants. Robert Hardwicke, 1863. Page 215.
  5. ^ a b c Vegetables of Canada. NRC Research Press. ISBN 0-660-19503-8, ISBN 978-0-660-19503-2
  6. ^ a b Hirsch, David P.. The Moosewood Restaurant kitchen garden: creative gardening for the adventurous cook. Ten Speed Press, 2005. ISBN 1-58008-666-7, ISBN 978-1-58008-666-0
  7. ^ http://www.organicindia.com/PR_OH_chandrashoor.php
  8. ^ The Wealth of Indian Raw Materials ,. New Delhi: Publication and information Directorate. 1979. pp. CSIR Vol 9, Page 71–72. 
  9. ^ NP, Archana; Anita, AM (2006). "A study on clinical efficacy of Lepidium sativum seeds in treatment of bronchial asthma". Iran J Pharmacol Ther 5: 55–59. 
  10. ^ M, Eddouks; Maghrani M; Zeggwagh NA; Michel JB (2005). "Study of the hypoglycaemic activity of Lepidium sativum L. aqueous extract in normal and diabetic rats". J Ethnopharmacol 97 (2): 391–395.  
  11. ^ Budgerigars - Diets, PDSA.
  12. ^ Bhatiya, KN (1996). Modern Approach to Batany. India: Surya publications. p. 516. 
  13. ^ Najeeb-Ur-Rehman, Mehmood MH, Alkharfy KM, Gilani AU, "Prokinetic and laxative activities of Lepidium sativum seed extract with species and tissue selective gut stimulatory actions. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Feb 2;

External links

  • Time-lapse video showing garden cress growth
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.