World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0001394873
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gellius  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cato the Elder, Livius Andronicus, Iguvine Tablets, List of Roman nomina, List of Roman cognomina, Loeb Classical Library, Laevius, Apex (headdress), Aulus Furius Antias, List of Sabini
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Aulus Gellius (ca. 125 – after 180 AD) was a Latin author and grammarian, who was probably born and certainly brought up in Rome. He was educated in Athens, after which he returned to Rome, where he held a judicial office. He is famous for his Attic Nights, a commonplace book, or compilation of notes on grammar, philosophy, history, antiquarianism and other subjects, preserving fragments of many authors and works who otherwise might be unknown today.


The only source for the life of Aulus Gellius are the details recorded in his writings.[1] He was of good family and connections, possibly of African origin,[2] but he was probably born and certainly brought up in Rome. He traveled much, especially in Greece, and resided for a considerable period in Athens.[1] He studied rhetoric under Titus Castricius and Sulpicius Apollinaris; philosophy under Calvisius Taurus and Peregrinus Proteus; and enjoyed also the friendship and instruction of Favorinus, Herodes Atticus, and Fronto.[1]

He returned to Rome, where he held a judicial office.[3] He was appointed by the praetor to act as an umpire in civil causes, and much of the time which he would gladly have devoted to literary pursuits was consequently occupied by judicial duties.[1] The precise date of his birth, as of his death, is unknown; but from the names of his teachers and companions, he must have lived under Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius.[1]


His only known work, the Attic Nights (Latin: Noctes Atticae), takes its name from having been begun during the long nights of a winter which he spent in Attica.[3] He afterwards continued it in Rome.[3] It is compiled out of an Adversaria, or commonplace book, in which he had jotted down everything of unusual interest that he heard in conversation or read in books, and it comprises notes on grammar, geometry, philosophy, history and many other subjects.[3] One story is the fable of Androcles, which is often included in compilations of Aesop's fables, but was not originally from that source.

The work, deliberately devoid of sequence or arrangement, is divided into twenty books.[3] All these have come down to us except the eighth, of which nothing remains but the index.[3] The Attic Nights are valuable for the insight they afford into the nature of the society and pursuits of those times, and for its many excerpts from works of lost ancient authors.[3]


The editio princeps appeared at Rome in 1469. The earliest critical edition is that of Jakob Gronovius (Leyden, 1706). A later edition is that of M. Hertz (Berlin, 1883-85; there is also a smaller edition by the same author, Berlin, 1886), revised by C. Hosius, 1903, with bibliography. A volume of selections, with notes and vocabulary, was published by Nall (London, 1888). There is an English translation by W. Beloe (London, 1795), and a French translation (1896).[3][4] A more recent English translation is by John Carew Rolfe (1927) for the Loeb Classical Library.



  • public domain: 
  • Template:DGRBM

Further reading



  • Anderson, G. "Aulus Gellius: A Miscellanist and His World," in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt. Bd. II.34.2. (Berlin, 1994), 1834–1862.
  • Lakmann, Marie-Luise, Der Platoniker Tauros in der Darstellung des Aulus Gellius (Leiden, Brill, 1994) (Philosophia Antiqua, 63).
  • Leofranc Holford-Strevens, Aulus Gellius. An Antonine Scholar and his Achievement. Rev. ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).
  • The Worlds of Aulus Gellius, edd. Leofranc Holford-Strevens and Amiel Vardi (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004).
  • Keulen, Wytse, Gellius the Satirist: Roman Cultural Authority in Attic Nights (Leiden, Brill, 2008) (Mnemosyne Supplements, 297).

External links

  • (Latin text: complete; English translation: Preface thru Book 13)
  • (Latin text: Books 1–11, 13, 20)
  • Project Gutenberg

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.