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General classification in the Vuelta a España

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General classification in the Vuelta a España

The Vuelta a España is an annual road bicycle race. Established in 1935 by the Spanish newspaper Informaciones, the Vuelta is one of cycling's three "Grand Tours", along with the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia.[1] Initially, the race was held in April/May, but in 1995 it was moved to September.[2] The race usually covers approximately 3,500 kilometres (2,200 mi), although this has varied, passing through Spain and countries with a close proximity in Europe.[3] The race is broken into day-long segments called stages. Individual finishing times for each stage are totalled to determine the overall winner at the end of the race. The course changes every year, but has traditionally finished in Madrid.[4]

Individual times to finish each stage are totalled to determine the winner of the general classification at the end of the race. The rider with the lowest aggregate time at the end of each day wears the leader's jersey; in 2010 this was a red jersey.[5] Other classifications have been calculated: still in use are the points classification, in 2010 represented by a green jersey; the mountains classification, in 2010 represented by a blue dotted jersey; and the combination classification, in 2010 represented by a white jersey.[6]

Tony Rominger and Roberto Heras have the most Vuelta victories, each cyclist having won the competition three times. Rominger's three consecutive wins is also a record.[7] Spanish cyclists have won the most Vueltas; 23 cyclists have won 29 Vueltas between them. French cyclists are second with nine victories and Belgian riders are third with seven wins.[8] The current champion is Chris Horner of the team, who won the 2013 Vuelta a España.[9]

History

The Vuelta a España was established in 1935 by the newspaper Informaciones following on from the success of the Tour de France and Giro d'Italia which had also been established by newspapers.[8] The first race was won by Gustaaf Deloor, who won again the following year.[10] The Vuelta was suspended for four years from 1937 to 1940 due to the Spanish Civil War. The first race after the civil war in 1941 was won by Julián Berrendero, who also won the following year. The Vuelta was suspended between 1943 and 1944 due to the Second World War. Delio Rodríguez won the first Vuelta after the war, Spanish riders won two more Vueltas in 1946 and 1948. The Vuelta was not held in 1949. Emilio Rodríguez was the victor in 1950, before the Vuelta was suspended from 1951 to 1954 as Spain's isolation during the Franco regime led to dwindling international interest in the race.[8]

Jean Dotto won the first Vuelta after the four-year suspension in 1955.[11] Angelo Conterno was the victor the following year, by a margin of 13 seconds over Jesús Loroño.[12] Loroño was victorious in 1957 with Conterno absent.[13] Rudi Altig became the first German to win the Vuelta in 1962. Frenchman Jacques Anquetil won in 1963, in doing so he became the first cyclist to win all three Grand Tours.[14] Belgian cyclist Eddy Merckx matched Anquetil's achievement in winning all three Grand Tours when he won the Vuelta in 1973.[15] The following year José Manuel Fuente won the Vuelta by 11 seconds.[16]

Bernard Hinault won the Vuelta in 1978, a year in which he also won the Tour de France. He won his second Vuelta in 1983.[17] The following year Éric Caritoux won the Vuelta by the smallest margin ever, he won by six seconds over Alberto Fernández.[10] Pedro Delgado won the Vuelta in 1985. Colombian Luis Herrera became the first non-European winner of the Vuelta in 1987.[8] Sean Kelly was victorious in 1988,[10] and the following year Delgado won his second Vuelta.[18]

Swiss riders dominated the 1990s; Tony Rominger won a record three Vueltas in succession from 1992 to 1994.[8] Laurent Jalabert was victorious in 1995, he also won the points and mountain classification becoming only the third person to win all these classifications in a single Grand Tour.[10] Alex Zülle won two Vueltas in succession in 1996 and 1999.[19] German Jan Ullrich was the victor in 1999.[20] Roberto Heras won his first Vuelta in 2000; he won a further two in 2003 and 2004.[21] In 2005 he appeared to have won a record fourth Vuelta, however he was later stripped of his title after failing a drug-control test. Second place Denis Menchov became the victor.[22]

Alexander Vinokourov won the 2006 Vuelta a España with the Astana team.[23] Menchov won his second tour in 2007.[24] Alberto Contador won the 2008 Vuelta; the victory meant he became the fifth cyclist to win all three Grand Tours.[25] Alejandro Valverde was the victor in 2009. The following year Valverde was unable to defend his title after being suspended for two years for his involvement in the Operación Puerto doping case.[26] Vincenzo Nibali won the 2010 Vuelta.[27] Juan José Cobo won the 2011 Vuelta a España by thirteen seconds.[28] Contador won his second Vuelta in 2012.[29] American Chris Horner, became the odest Grand Tour winner at the age of 41, when he won the Vuelta in 2013.[9]

Winners

Key
Winner won points classification in the same year
* Winner won King of the Mountains classification in the same year
# Winner won combination classification in the same year
Winner won points and King of the Mountains classification in the same year
& Winner won points and combination classification in same year
  • The "Year" column refers to the year the competition was held, and wikilinks to the article about that season.
  • The "Distance" column refers to the distance over which the race was held.
  • The "Margin" column refers to the margin of time or points by which the winner defeated the runner-up.
  • The "Stage wins" column refers to the number of stage wins the winner had during the race.
Vuelta a España general classification winners
Year Country Cyclist Sponsor/team Distance Time Margin Stage wins
1935 Belgium Belgium Deloor, GustaafGustaaf Deloor &
3,245 km (2,016 mi) 120h 00' 07" + 13' 28" 3
1936 Belgium Belgium Deloor, GustaafGustaaf Deloor &
4,364 km (2,712 mi) 150h 07' 54" + 11' 39" 3
1937 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1938 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1939 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1940 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1941 Spain Spain Berrendero, JuliánJulián Berrendero &
4,406 km (2,738 mi) 168h 45' 26" + 1' 07" 2
1942 Spain Spain Berrendero, JuliánJulián Berrendero* &
3,688 km (2,292 mi) 134h 05' 09" + 8' 38" 2
1943 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1944 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1945 Spain Spain Rodríguez, DelioDelio Rodríguez &
3,803 km (2,363 mi) 135h 43' 55" + 30' 08" 6
1946 Spain Spain Langarica, DalmacioDalmacio Langarica &
3,836 km (2,384 mi) 137h 10' 38" + 17' 32" 6
1947 Belgium Belgium Van Dijck, EdwardEdward Van Dijck &
3,893 km (2,419 mi) 132h 27' 00" + 2' 14" 2
1948 Spain Spain Ruiz, BernardoBernardo Ruiz Udsans–Portaminas Alas Color 3,990 km (2,480 mi) 155h 06' 30" + 9' 07" 3
1949 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1950 Spain Spain Rodríguez, EmilioEmilio Rodríguez* &
3,932 km (2,443 mi) 134h 49' 19" + 15' 30" 5
1951 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1952 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1953 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1954 &
~Not contested &
&
&
&
&
1955 France France Dotto, JeanJean Dotto France 2,740 km (1,700 mi) 81h 04' 02" + 3' 06" 0
1956 Italy Italy Conterno, AngeloAngelo Conterno Italy 3,531 km (2,194 mi) 105h 37' 52" + 13" 1
1957 Spain Spain Loroño, JesúsJesús Loroño Spain 2,967 km (1,844 mi) 84h 44' 06" + 8' 11" 1
1958 France France Stablinski, JeanJean Stablinski France 3,241.8 km (2,014.4 mi) 94h 54' 21" + 2' 51" 1
1959 Spain Spain Suárez, AntonioAntonio Suárez Licor 43 3,048 km (1,894 mi) 84h 36' 20" + 1' 06" 2
1960 Belgium Belgium De Mulder, FransFrans De Mulder Groene Leeuw 3,567 km (2,216 mi) 103h 05' 57" + 15' 21" 4
1961 Spain Spain Soler, AngelinoAngelino Soler Faema 2,856.5 km (1,774.9 mi) 77h 36' 17" + 51" 1
1962  West Germany Altig, RudiRudi Altig Saint Raphael–Helyett 2,813 km (1,748 mi) 78h 35' 27" + 7' 14" 3
1963 France France Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil Saint Raphael 2,442 km (1,517 mi) 64h 46' 20" + 3' 06" 1
1964 France France Poulidor, RaymondRaymond Poulidor Mercier–BP 2,860 km (1,780 mi) 78h 23' 35" + 33" 1
1965  West Germany Wolfshohl, RolfRolf Wolfshohl Mercier–BP 3,410 km (2,120 mi) 92h 36' 03" + 6' 36" 0
1966 Spain Spain Gabica, FranciscoFrancisco Gabica Kas 2,949.5 km (1,832.7 mi) 78h 53' 55" + 39" 1
1967 Netherlands Netherlands Janssen, JanJan Janssen Pelforth–Sauvage 2,941 km (1,827 mi) 76h 38' 04" + 1' 43" 1
1968 Italy Italy Gimondi, FeliceFelice Gimondi Salvarani 3,014 km (1,873 mi) 78h 29' 00" + 2' 15" 1
1969 France France Pingeon, RogerRoger Pingeon Peugeot 2,921.4 km (1,815.3 mi) 73h 18' 45" + 1' 54" 2
1970 Spain Spain Ocaña, LuisLuis Ocaña Bic 3,568 km (2,217 mi) 89h 57' 12" + 1' 18" 2
1971 Belgium Belgium Bracke, FerdinandFerdinand Bracke Peugeot–BP 2,892 km (1,797 mi) 73h 50' 05" + 59" 0
1972 Spain Spain Fuente, José ManuelJosé Manuel Fuente# Kas 3,086.6 km (1,917.9 mi) 84h 34' 14" + 6' 34" 1
1973 Belgium Belgium Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx& Molteni 3,080.9 km (1,914.4 mi) 84h 40' 50" + 3' 46" 6
1974 Spain Spain Fuente, José ManuelJosé Manuel Fuente Kas 2,991 km (1,859 mi) 84h 48' 18" + 11" 2
1975 Spain Spain Tamames, AgustínAgustín Tamames Super–Ser 3,104.4 km (1,929.0 mi) 88h 00' 56" + 14" 5
1976 Spain Spain Pesarrodona, JoséJosé Pesarrodona Kas 3,341 km (2,076 mi) 93h 19' 10" + 1' 03" 0
1977 Belgium Belgium Maertens, FreddyFreddy Maertens Flandira–Latina 2,785.5 km (1,730.8 mi) 78h 54' 36" + 2' 51" 13
1978 France France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault Renault–Gitane 2,990 km (1,860 mi) 85h 24' 14" + 3' 02" 5
1979 Netherlands Netherlands Zoetemelk, JoopJoop Zoetemelk Miko–Mercier 3,165.5 km (1,967.0 mi) 94h 57' 03" + 2' 43" 2
1980 Spain Spain Rupérez, FaustinoFaustino Rupérez Zor–Vereco 3,226 km (2,005 mi) 88h 23' 21" + 2' 15" 2
1981 Italy Italy Battaglin, GiovanniGiovanni Battaglin Inoxpran 3,531.3 km (2,194.2 mi) 98h 04' 49" + 2' 09" 1
1982 Spain Spain Lejarreta, MarinoMarino Lejarreta Teka 3,423 km (2,127 mi) 95h 47' 23" + 18" 1
1983 France France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault Renault-Elf-Gitane 3,399 km (2,112 mi) 94h 28' 26" + 1' 12" 2
1984 France France Caritoux, ÉricÉric Caritoux Skil–Reydel 3,361.6 km (2,088.8 mi) 90h 08' 03" + 6" 1
1985 Spain Spain Delgado, PedroPedro Delgado MG–Orbea 3,467.6 km (2,154.7 mi) 95h 58' 00" + 36" 1
1986 Spain Spain Pino, ÁlvaroÁlvaro Pino Zor–BH 3,675 km (2,284 mi) 98h 16' 04" + 1' 06" 1
1987 Colombia Colombia Herrera, LuisLuis Herrera* Café de Colombia 3,921.4 km (2,436.6 mi) 105h 34' 25" + 1' 04" 1
1988 Republic of Ireland Ireland Kelly, SeanSean Kelly Kas 3,428.4 km (2,130.3 mi) 89h 19' 23" + 1' 27" 2
1989 Spain Spain Delgado, PedroPedro Delgado Reynolds 3,656.6 km (2,272.1 mi) 93h 01' 17" + 35" 2
1990 Italy Italy Giovannetti, MarcoMarco Giovannetti Seur 3,711 km (2,306 mi) 94h 36' 00" + 1' 28" 0
1991 Spain Spain Mauri, MelciorMelcior Mauri ONCE 3,213.2 km (1,996.6 mi) 82h 48' 07" + 2' 52" 3
1992 Switzerland Switzerland Rominger, TonyTony Rominger CLAS–Cajastur 3,558.1 km (2,210.9 mi) 96h 14' 50" + 1' 04" 1
1993 Switzerland Switzerland Rominger, TonyTony Rominger CLAS–Cajastur 3,585.5 km (2,227.9 mi) 96h 07' 03" + 29" 3
1994 Switzerland Switzerland Rominger, TonyTony Rominger Mapei–Clas 3,531.1 km (2,194.1 mi) 92h 07' 48" + 7' 28" 6
1995 France France Jalabert, LaurentLaurent Jalabert ONCE 3,637.6 km (2,260.3 mi) 95h 30' 33" + 4' 22" 5
1996 Switzerland Switzerland Zülle, AlexAlex Zülle ONCE 3,947 km (2,453 mi) 97h 31' 46" + 6' 23" 1
1997 Switzerland Switzerland Zülle, AlexAlex Zülle ONCE 3,759.2 km (2,335.9 mi) 91h 15' 55" + 5' 07" 1
1998 Spain Spain Olano, AbrahamAbraham Olano Banesto 3,781 km (2,349 mi) 93h 44' 08" + 1' 23" 1
1999 Germany Germany Ullrich, JanJan Ullrich Team Deutsche Telekom 3,548.7 km (2,205.1 mi) 89h 52' 03" + 4' 15" 2
2000 Spain Spain Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras Kelme–Costa Blanca 2,894 km (1,798 mi) 70h 26' 14" + 2' 33" 2
2001 Spain Spain Casero, ÁngelÁngel Casero Festina 3,012.2 km (1,871.7 mi) 70h 49' 05" + 47" 0
2002 Spain Spain González, AitorAitor González Kelme–Costa Blanca 3,128.7 km (1,944.1 mi) 75h 13' 52" + 2' 14" 3
2003 Spain Spain Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras U.S. Postal Service 2,958.3 km (1,838.2 mi) 69h 31' 52" + 28" 1
2004 Spain Spain Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras# Liberty Seguros 2,894 km (1,798 mi) 77h 42' 46" + 2' 13" 1
2005 Russia Russia Menchov, DenisDenis Menchov#[A] Rabobank 3,356 km (2,085 mi) 82h 27' 31" + 18" 2
2006  Kazakhstan Vinokourov, AlexanderAlexander Vinokourov# Astana 3,202.1 km (1,989.7 mi) 81h 23' 07" + 1' 12" 3
2007 Russia Russia Menchov, DenisDenis Menchov# Rabobank 3,291.3 km (2,045.1 mi) 80h 59' 07" + 3' 31" 1
2008 Spain Spain Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador# Astana 3,142.5 km (1,952.7 mi) 80h 40' 08" + 46" 2
2009 Spain Spain Valverde, AlejandroAlejandro Valverde# 3,293.6 km (2,046.5 mi) 87h 22' 37" + 55" 0
2010 Italy Italy Nibali, VincenzoVincenzo Nibali# 3,333.8 km (2,071.5 mi) 87h 18' 33" + 3' 02" 0
2011 Spain Spain Cobo, Juan JoséJuan José Cobo# Geox-TMC 3,300 km (2,100 mi) 84h 59' 31" + 13" 1
2012 Spain Spain Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador Team Saxo Bank-Tinkoff Bank 3,360.2 km (2,087.9 mi) 84h 59' 49" +1' 16" 1
2013  United States Horner, ChrisChris Horner# 3,358.9 km (2,087.1 mi) 84h 36' 04" + 37" 1

Multiple winners

Multiple winners of the Vuelta a España general classification
Cyclist Total Years
 Rominger, TonyTony Rominger (SUI) 3 1992, 1993, 1994
 Heras, RobertoRoberto Heras (ESP) 3 2000, 2003, 2004
 Deloor, GustaafGustaaf Deloor (BEL) 2 1935, 1936
 Berrendero, JuliánJulián Berrendero (ESP) 2 1941, 1942
 Fuente, José ManuelJosé Manuel Fuente (ESP) 2 1972, 1974
 Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) 2 1978, 1983
 Delgado, PedroPedro Delgado (ESP) 2 1985, 1989
 Zülle, AlexAlex Zülle (SUI) 2 1996, 1997
 Menchov, DenisDenis Menchov (RUS) 2 2005, 2007
 Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador (ESP) 2 2008, 2012

By nationality

Vuelta a España general classification winners by nationality
Nationality No. of winning cyclists No. of wins
 Spain 24 31
 France 8 9
 Belgium 6 7
  Switzerland 2 5
 Italy 5 5
 Germany 3 3
 Netherlands 2 2
 Russia 1 2
 Colombia 1 1
 Ireland 1 1
 Kazakhstan 1 1
 United States 1 1

Footnotes

A. ^ Roberto Heras was the winner at the podium ceremony in Madrid on the last day of the 2005 Vuelta a España, but subsequently was found to have tested positive for performance-enhancing drugs during stage 20 of the race. The Spanish cycling federation found him guilty of using Erythropoietin during the race and stripped him of his title, awarding the win to Denis Menchov.[22]

References

General

Bibliography

Specific

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