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Getty Villa

Getty Villa
Established 1954, reopened 2006
Location 17985 Pacific Coast Highway, Pacific Palisades, California
Coordinates
Type Art museum
Collection size 44,000 Greek, Roman, and Etruscan antiquities
Visitors 405,710 in 2010[1]
Director Timothy Potts
Public transit access Metro Bus 534
Website .edu.gettywww

The Getty Villa in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, USA, is one of two locations of the J. Paul Getty Museum. The Getty Villa is an educational center and museum dedicated to the study of the arts and cultures of ancient Greece, Rome, and Etruria. The collection has 44,000 Greek, Roman, and Etruscan antiquities dating from 6,500 BC to 400 AD, including the Lansdowne Heracles and the Victorious Youth. The UCLA/Getty Master’s Program in Archaeological and Ethnographic Conservation is housed on this campus. The collection is documented and presented through the online GettyGuide as well as through audio tours.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Facility and programs 2
  • Campus 3
  • Collection 4
    • GettyGuide 4.1
  • Photographs 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

In 1954, oil tycoon

  • J. Paul Getty Trust website
  • A four-part documentary about the villa and its Roman model, the Villa of the Papyri
  • Photos from the Getty Villa
  • flickr.com photos tagged with "Getty Villa"
  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  • Filler, Martin (2007). Makers of modern architecture. New York Review of Books.  
  • Moltesen, Mette (January 2007). "The Reopened Getty Villa". American Journal of Archaeology (Boston University, 656 Beacon St., 02215-2006 Boston Massachusetts: The Archaeological Institute of America) 111 (1): 155–159.  
  • Storrie, Calum (2008). The Delirious Museum: A Journey from the Louvre to Las Vegas. I.B.Tauris.  

References

  1. ^ "Snapshot: Visits to the Getty". Getty Center. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  2. ^ Storrie at p. 186.
  3. ^ a b c "Architecture". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  4. ^ a b Bird, Cricket (June 10, 1976). "Getty Never Saw Fabulous Museum". Lewiston [Maine] Evening Journal. p. 10. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  5. ^ a b c Ray, Derek (February 11, 2011). "The Getty Center and the Getty Villa". San Diego Reader. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  6. ^ Myrna Oliver, Robert Langdon Jr., 86; Designed 1st Getty Museum, The Los Angeles Times, August 25, 2004
  7. ^ Grad student unearths architect’s drawings for Getty exhibition, USC School of Architecture: School News, July 05, 2013
  8. ^ a b c Moltesen at p. 155.
  9. ^ Lenzner, Robert. The great Getty: the life and loves of J. Paul Getty, richest man in the world. New York: Crown Publishers, 1985. ISBN 0-517-56222-7
  10. ^ a b c Filler at 215.
  11. ^ a b Schultz, Patricia (2003). One thousand places to see before you die. Workman Publishing. p. 575.  
  12. ^ "UCLA and Getty Museum Hold Summer Institute in Turkey". UCLA. 2004-09-23. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  13. ^ a b Moltesen at 157.
  14. ^ a b Pearson, Clifford A. (May 2006). "Machado and Silvetti creates an elaborate new setting that shows off the renovated Getty Villa without irony or apologies".  
  15. ^ a b Rogers, John (January 27, 2006). "Getty Museum reopening its much renovated villa". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  16. ^ Carassava, Anthee. Greeks Hail Getty Museum’s Pledge to Return Treasures. New York Times, December 12, 2006. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  17. ^ Povoledo, Elisabetta. Italy and Getty Sign Pact on Artifacts. New York Times, September 26, 2007. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
  18. ^ Filler at p. 221–23.
  19. ^ E.g., Storrie at p. 186; Moltesen at p. 155.
  20. ^ Greenberg, Mark (December 2005). Guide to the Getty Villa. Getty Trust. p. 131.  
  21. ^ "Visit the Getty". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  22. ^ Yahoo maps! Driving Directions, and Traffic (Map). Cartography by NAVTEQ. Yahoo. 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  23. ^ http://www.getty.edu/visit/ reads "The Getty Villa in Malibu…"
  24. ^ Jaffee, Matthew (May 2007). "Posh Pacific Palisades".  
  25. ^ "Hours, Directions, Parking". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-06-29. 
  26. ^ "Villa Play–Reading Series". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  27. ^ "Concerts at the Villa". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  28. ^ "Public Reading of Homer's Iliad". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  29. ^ "Getty Villa Outdoor Theater Production". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  30. ^ "Calendar Picks and Clicks". Jewish Journaldate=March 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  31. ^ "Family Forum". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  32. ^ Moltesen at p. 156.
  33. ^ a b c d "Fact Sheet" (PDF). Getty Trust. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  34. ^ a b Filler at p. 221.
  35. ^ Filler at p. 220
  36. ^ Map & Guide to the Getty Villa, Getty Trust, May 2010 
  37. ^ "Getty Villa Press Kit" (PDF). Getty Trust. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  38. ^ Storrie at p. 187
  39. ^ Patricia Brooks, Jonathan Brooks (2006). Laid to Rest in California: A Guide to the Cemeteries and Grave Sites of the Rich and Famous. Globe Pequot. p. 208.  
  40. ^ "Art on View (Visit the Getty)". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  41. ^ "Victorious Youth". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  42. ^ "Lansdowne Herakles". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  43. ^ "Research Libraries". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  44. ^ "Statue of a Kouros". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  45. ^ Robert Bianchi, "Saga of The Getty Kouros", Archaeology (May/June 1994).
  46. ^ "Marbury Hall Zeus". Getty Trust. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  47. ^ GettyGuide - Getty.edu Retrieved September 3, 2008.

Notes

Photographs

Detailed information about the J. Paul Getty Museum’s collection at the Getty Villa is provided on "GettyGuide". This is available both at the Museum, at various points known as "GettyGuide stations", and externally on its website.[47]

GettyGuide

The collection has 44,000 Greek, Roman, and Etruscan antiquities dating from 6,500 BC to 400 AD.[40] Among the outstanding items is Victorious Youth, one of few life-size Greek bronze statues to have survived to modern times.[5][41] The [34][44] If genuine, the Getty kouros is one of only twelve remaining intact lifesize kouroi.[45] The Marbury Hall Zeus is a 81 in (2.1 m) tall marble statue that was recovered from ruins at Tivoli near Rome.[46]

Victorious Youth, part of the museum's collection

Collection

Although not open to the public, the campus includes J. Paul Getty's grave on the hill behind his ranch house.[39]

What the Getty Villa achieves, first by seclusion, then by control of access, and ultimately through the architecture, is a sense of detachment from its immediate environment.[38]

Architectural critic Calum Storrie describes the overall effect:

The Getty Conservation Institute offers a Master’s Program in Archaeological and Ethnographic Conservation in association with the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA. Classes and research are conducted in the museum wing of the ranch house. The program was the first of its kind in the United States.[37]

The 64 acres (26 ha) museum complex sits on a hill overlooking the Pacific Ocean, which is about 100 feet (30 m) from the entrance to the property. Most visitors park in the new 248-car South Parking Garage, which is four stories high and set into a hillside. An outdoor 2,500-square-foot (230 m2) entry pavilion is also built into the hill near the South Parking garage at the southern end of the Outer Peristyle.[33] The Outer Peristyle is a formal garden with roses and English ivy that includes a number of Roman sculptures. To the west of the Outer Peristyle is an herb garden. Beneath the Outer Peristyle is the Central Parking Garage. To the west of the Museum is a 450-seat outdoor Greek theater where evening performances are staged, named in honor of Barbara and Lawrence Fleischman.[33] The theater faces the west side of the Villa and uses its entrance as a stage.[34] To the northwest of the theatre is a three-story, 15,500-square-foot (1,440 m2) building built into the hill that contains the museum store on the lower level, a cafe on the second level, and a private dining room on the top level.[35] North of the Villa is a 10,000 sq ft (930 m2) indoor 250 seat auditorium.[33] On the hill above the museum are Getty's original private ranch house and the museum wing that Getty added to his home in 1954. They are now used for curatorial offices, meeting rooms and as a library.[3] Behind it is the 200-car North Parking Garage. The 105,500-square-foot (9,800 m2) museum building is arranged in a square opening into the Inner Peristyle courtyard. The 2006 museum renovation added 58 windows facing the Inner Peristyle and a retractable skylight over the atrium.[14] It also replaced the terrazzo floors in the galleries and added seismic protection with new steel reinforcing beams and new isolators in the bases of statues and display cases.[8] The museum has 48,000 sq ft (4,500 m2) of gallery space.[33][36]

The inner peristyle
Aerial view of Getty Villa (building with red roof at center right) and surrounding area.

Campus

The Getty Villa offers special educational programs for children. A special Family Forum gallery offers activities including decorating Greek vases and projecting shadows onto a screen that represents a Greek urn. The room also has polystyrene props from Greek and Roman culture for children to handle and use to cast shadows. The Getty Villa also offers children's guides to the other exhibits.[31][32]

The Getty Villa hosts live performances in both its indoor auditorium and its outdoor theatre. Indoor play-readings included The Trojan Women, Aristophanes' The Frogs, and Euripides' Helen.[26] Indoor musical performances, which typically relate to art exhibits, included: Musica Angelica, De Organographia, and Songs from the Fifth Age: Sones de México in Concert.[27] The auditorium also held a public reading of Homer's Iliad.[28] Outdoor performances included Aristophanes' Peace, Aeschylus's Agamemnon, and Sophocles' Elektra.[29] The Getty Villa also hosts visiting exhibitions beyond its own collections. For example, in March 2011 "In Search of Biblical Lands" was a photographic exhibition which included scenes of the Middle East dating back to the 1840s.[30]

Admission to the Getty Villa is free, but timed tickets must be obtained in advance via phone or the museum's website. As of June 2010, there is a $15.00 charge for parking during the day, but parking is free for evening performances. The museum is open Wednesday to Monday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. It is closed Tuesday and on New Year's Day (January 1), July 4, Thanksgiving and Christmas (December 25).[25]

Facility and programs

The Villa is frequently and erroneously said to be in the city of Malibu,[11][19] but the site is in the city of Los Angeles in the community of Pacific Palisades and has a Pacific Palisades mailing address.[20][21] The Malibu city border begins a mile west of the Villa.[22] The museum itself perpetuates this error,[23] to the irritation of Palisades residents.[24]

There has been controversy surrounding the Greek and Italian governments' claim that objects in the collection were looted and should be repatriated.[15] In 2006, the Getty returned or promised to return four looted objects to Greece: a stele (grave marker), a marble relief, a gold funerary wreath, and a marble statue.[16] In 2007, the Getty signed an agreement to return 40 looted items to Italy.[17][18]

Reopened on January 28, 2006, the Getty Villa shows Greek, Roman, and Etruscan antiquities within Roman-inspired architecture and surrounded by Roman-style gardens.[13] The art is arranged by themes, e.g., Gods and Goddesses, Dionysos and the Theater, and Stories of the Trojan War.[13] The new architectural plan surrounding the Villa – which was conceived by Boston architects Machado and Silvetti Associates (who were also responsible for the plans for the renovated museum) – is designed to simulate an archaeological dig. Architectural Record has praised their work on the Getty Villa as "a near miracle – a museum that elicits no smirks from the art world.... a masterful job... crafting a sophisticated ensemble of buildings, plazas, and landscaping that finally provides a real home for a relic of another time and place."[14]

Starting in 2004, the museum and the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) hold summer institutes in Turkey, studying the conservation of Middle Eastern Art.[12]

The entrance to the Getty Villa sets the tone of entering an archaeological dig.

[8] The collection was restored during the renovation.[11] for display, and the Getty Villa was closed for renovation.Getty Center In 1997, portions of the museum's collection of Greek, Roman and Etruscan antiquities were moved to the [10]

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