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Gipton

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Title: Gipton  
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Subject: Harehills, Oakwood, Leeds, Seacroft, Fearnville, History of Seacroft
Collection: Irish Diaspora in the United Kingdom, Places in Leeds
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Gipton

Gipton

Gipton Gate West and other tower blocks on Oak Tree Drive
Gipton is located in West Yorkshire
Gipton
 Gipton shown within West Yorkshire
OS grid reference
Metropolitan borough City of Leeds
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEEDS
Postcode district LS8/9
Dialling code 0113
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Leeds North East
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Gipton is a suburb of East Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, between the A58 to the north and the A64 to the south. It is joined with Harehills (adjacent to the west) as a City Council Ward. Note that Gipton Wood is an area north of the A58 in the Roundhay Ward. Gipton had a population of 22,926 in 2011.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Housing 2
  • General information 3
  • Amenities 4
  • People 5
  • Location grid 6
  • Cultural references 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

The 1817 village was somewhat west of the location now called Gipton, featuring the Gipton Spa or bathhouse in what is now Gledhow Valley Woods.[2]

Gipton derives from Old English: the first element is a personal name: in this case, it is Gippa (same as in Ipswich, although almost certainly not the same man) and tun "village, settlement, farm" (here, it refers to a village). The town's name was recorded as Cepetun, suggesting village with a market, suggesting a trading-town, or residence of the traders, as with Market Weighton. The first element of the name in the Domesday Book record wrongly suggests Old English ceap "market, trading-place", but it was a corruption of the personal name, Gippa. However, a record from 1018 as Gipentune proves that the first element is a personal name. The name Coldcotes which prefixes many of the areas street names comes from 'cold cottages'.

Housing

The Gipton housing estate was the first council estate built in 1935 as a "Garden suburb" for the working classes, with a mixture of 2 to 5 bedroom houses with gardens.[3] Some 10-storey blocks of flats (Gipton Gates) were built by the council from 1956 onwards and 12-storey blocks (Briarsdale Croft) from 1963.[4]

Panoramic image of Coldcotes Circus.

General information

Sign welcoming drivers to the area.

The large Church of the Epiphany located on Beech Lane was constructed in 1936-1938 by N.F. Cachemaille-Day, and is a Grade I listed building.

Church of the Epiphany

St. Augustine's Roman Catholic Primary School on St Wilfrid's Circus was opened in 1975 after the old school off Harehills Road ran into a dilapidated state. The school was once again re-built in 1993 after a fire destroyed the whole building early one morning in 1990.

Amenities

The Fairway pub

There are few amenities actually on the estate. Many of the shops have since closed down, but there is a Lidl at the lower end of Oak Tree Drive. The Fairway public house was situated towards the upper end of Oak Tree Drive but has since been demolished and a care home built on the site. There a several shops situated on Coldcotes Drive, while Gipton Working Men's Club is also situated here. There is a small off licence on Foundry Avenue (once a part of what was locally known as the "eight shops") and a Happy Shopper (now closed and boarded up) on Gipton Approach. The shops on Brander Road have all closed and are boarded up, now leaving the estate with only one Post Office. Dib Lane, situated just off the estate has many local shops which serve the northern side of the estate, whilst the southern side of the estate is also served by the amenities on York Road. The nearest large supermarkets are Asda in Killingbeck and Tesco in Seacroft. Cross Gates is the closest shopping area of any size, as well as its indoor shopping centre it also provides the closest railway station to the area. There are several churches on the estate, with a heavy emphasis on Catholic churches which serve the area's large Irish-Catholic community.

People

Location grid


Cultural references

Gipton is mentioned in the song "With Goth on Our Side" by the band Half Man Half Biscuit on their 2000 album Trouble over Bridgwater.

References

  1. ^ Gipton is made up of 66 of the 80 output areas within the Gipton and Harehills ward http://ukcensusdata.com/gipton-and-harehills-e05001424#sthash.fNYVHAe3.dpbs
  2. ^ Friends of Gledhow Valley Woods
  3. ^ www.leodis.net Discovering Leeds: poverty and riches - the working classes
  4. ^ English Heritage Pastscape database
  5. ^ Author's website

External links

  •  
  • The ancient parish of Leeds: historical and genealogical information at GENUKI (Gipton was in this parish)
  • Gipton Arts Centre
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